The Colonial period was started in the 18th century based on the political, social and economical reasons in the thirteen colonies. The colonists began colonization of America by refusing the nobilities and monarchies of Great Britain. During that period, an epidemic disease called smallpox was spread devastatingly and frequently. Smallpox was an enormously contagious disease caused by a specific type of virus variola which spread into the thirteen American colonies. The disease was new in the country, and it took place in Boston, Massachussetts first, and spreading the virus made a severe threat all over. It began with infection mainly in the blood vessels of the human skin and mouth, and resulted in different kinds of symptoms for turning …show more content…
Within 2 days from exposure smallpox vaccine could prevent or reduce the severity in the huge number of colonists. Inoculation treatment was mostly supportive between the days of exposure which provided some protection to modify the disease’s spread in that period. As well, the inoculation method helped wound care, infection control and therapy from burning skin. Smallpox took the colonists into mode of the death due to loss of fluids, poor immune reaction and infection in multiple organs of human body. Besides, smallpox disease developed into other complications even after the inoculation, such as stubby fingers, limiting joint movements etc. Due to the smallpox epidemic threat, the inoculation procedure got popular in other places and for other similar diseases. The benefits of inoculation outweighed the risks for children. Boylston figured out inoculation could produce certain type of immunity for the virus which can terminate the infection and save lives. Also, he ensured from his experiments that the inoculation process had less fatal structure of the disease in the human body. The author illustrated that several obstacles were overtaken to prevent the outbreak from spreading, a contamination which infected numerous people in 1721, and there were many controversies about the inoculation process and experimentation to inoculate the disease into a healthy person. The inoculation process was harmless and had satisfied the safety of the patients with the experiment. This inoculation method showed a huge result of survival rate in the New England colonies. The death rate was reduced by a greater number and the survival rate increased vastly because of Boylston’s inoculation for smallpox disease. This life saving scheme raised the population growth in those years of the Colonial
They were still susceptible to the many diseases of the time. There were many epidemics in the antebellum period. Smallpox was one of these epidemics. It would have been much worse if they had not come up with a vaccine in the 1720s. Yellow fever was much worse than small pox.
In “The Letterbook of Eliza Lucas Pinckney 1739-1762,” she described how the settlers that were constantly insulted by the Indians and small pox rages as “ a great cloud over this province.” The impact of smallpox was awful. The small pox causes all business to stop on Charles Town making the economy go downhill. “....a violent kind of small pox rages in Charles Town that must puts a stop to all business.” (Doc E)
Boston Smallpox Epidemic of 1721: When smallpox broke out in Boston, Cotton Mather introduced an untested medical procedure called “inoculation”, which would introduce a small amount of the virus to a patient, in hoping they would become immune to it. Many were opposed to it, even though it worked. Many people died due to the epidemic. 31. Common Sense: Thomas Paine wrote a book called "Common Sense", it sold more than 150,000 copies when the population was only 3 million.
The tribe took their past experiences with germs and disease outbreaks and their beliefs in the connection between the spirit world and disease to systematically deal with the presence of smallpox (81). These spiritual practices even display effects that were beneficial in stopping the spread of smallpox. One of these effects that proved beneficial in reducing the spread of smallpox within the Cherokee tribe was a practice that was common practice: social distancing. The Cherokee “counseled against traveling into disease-ridden settlements, while the smallpox ceremonies they conducted closed villages off against the outside world and helped curtail the spread of contagion” (101). Actions of quarantining the sick and reducing travel were both common practices for the Cherokee as well as a modern stance on how to prevent the spread of disease in the developed world.
One major disease was small pox. Smallpox, an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars. It was effectively eradicated through vaccination by the year 1979. Many people died from this disease. “A violent kind of smallpox rages in Charles-Town that brings most of the businesses to a halt.
This in my mind is not what you should do when you're exploring and traveling. The explorers brought over diseases to people that didn’t have immunities to them. In “Explorers: Triumphs and Troubles” on page 25 it says, “Two years after the british arrived up to 70% on the Eroa population had died of smallpox.” 100 years after and the native australians dropped from about 1 billion
Not only did the colonist have to face a deathly disease, but they also had to fear the threats that they were getting from neighboring Natives. The Native are not happy with the settlers for taking land and depriving them of rights, but instead of sitting back and being silent they took out to threaten the settlers instilling fear into them. However, the colonists, though sick, were not having it so they called General Amherst to take care of them. The slight problem they failed to think of was the safety of the General and his army. General Amherst could contract small poxs and die leaving the colonies protection with one less general to lead if there was an
In some areas contact with smallpox wiped out nine-tenths of the Indians population. Smallpox was brought over by animals when they were transported overseas. It is communicated through the air by means of droplets or dust particles and enters the body through the respiratory tract. Europeans were not as susceptible to smallpox because they had built up much stronger immune systems from being around epidemic pathogens for a long time. They viewed smallpox as an illness almost every child gets while growing up.
How would it feel to be accused of and punished for something you didn’t do? In Massachusetts in the 17th century, many people were accused of witchcraft and suffered punishments for crimes they didn’t commit. These people were often unfairly tested and then killed if they performed the test the way a “witch” would. This essay will describe how the Salem Witch Trials had a strong impact on society’s view of witches, showing what can happen when people make opinionated decisions and spread rumors. Salem was a village that was secluded from surrounding towns, and its residents were very religious.
Disease in the 1700s significantly contributed to the decline of the Native American population; after European contact exposed many to serval diseases. The most significant disease, however, was smallpox. By the end of the 1800s, Native Americans had suffered a series epidemics having a devastating effect and leaving some tribes destined for extinction. Historian Alex Alvarez perspective examines if the spreading of smallpox was a deliberate or unintentionally spread. In this analysis, he covers disease in Native America and the link between smallpox and genocide.
As the Europeans found native along the coasts of the New World, they found them easily malleable and able to be used, so they enslaved them and those who fought back were wiped out. Europeans, as well as the Africans, had built up a resistance to many diseases such as smallpox and were therefore not really affected as much by the diseases if they became sick. However, the Native Americans had not had contact with the disease and it quickly spread rapidly and slowly helped the Spanish rid themselves of the natives so they could take control of the land. Geoffrey Cowley offers insight on just how profound the effect of smallpox was when he writes, “ ...When the newcomers arrived carrying mumps, measles, whooping cough, smallpox, cholera, gonorrhea and yellow fever, the Indians were immunologically
How did the introduction of the smallpoxs to the New World change the lives of Native Americans? Europeans did not intend to have brought this disease over. The disease is very spreadable and often found in wide populations because of the spreading. Smallpox is believed to have come from animals like cows or monkeys.
Over time, the disease slowly had no effect on the Indians when they finally developed an antibiotics the counter the disease. By the 16th century, the Europeans were able to counter the disease unlike how the Indians can do it quickly. Some had genes to for combating smallpox and much other disease in their way. For example, from the 1450s to the 1600s, over 27 million Native Americans died from the lack of counter genes. For foods, the Native Americans produced food that were done poorly and were poor nutrition.
The American Revolution lasted six years and the impacts of it were everlasting(Schultz, 2010). The effects were felt by every group of people in North America and many worldwide. Even though George Washington had all of his troops vaccinated against smallpox, the colonists were not so fortunate and as a results some estimates are that as many as one hundred and thirty thousand people died from this dreaded disease. This loss of life combined with the divisions among the colonies into those loyal to Britain and those who wanted freedom would forever change the way of life for the colonists.