From the three documents provided, Documents A, B, and C. I think that the Early Islamic Empire expanded war, by truced, and rare peace. It changed dramatically.
Islam is a religion that controls their follower's daily lives. It quickly spread throughout many large and small civilizations all throughout the world. Two civilizations that Islam affected were the Byzantine Empire and China. The Byzantine empire was the section of Rome that remained after the fall of Rome and was a very successful civilization in its time. During the rise of Christianity, the Byzantine empire became a Christian-based civilization and used the church to solve its political and economic problems that sprang up after the fall of Rome. Similar to the Byzantine Empire, China was very successful before Islam. The main difference was that China remained successful all throughout the spread of Islam while the Byzantine Empire
(Document D) Muhammad’s changing of the ghazu made Arabs reach further out of the Muslim territories into Persia, Byzantium, and beyond. The Arabs were able to defeat the Persians and Byzantines so easily because for decades the two countries had been in series of wars.(Document D) The Arabs continued to maul countries in their path, and because of this, the Ummah (Muslim Community) continued to grow.
Throughout history, many impactful and memorable empires have arisen. Each empire has its own defining traits that lead to its success or demise. Some empires are very similar, while some posses many different traits. And although some can possess the same quality, their implication and utilization of that quality can create many gaps in the empire’s overall similarity to the other. Two powerful and historically important empires are the Ottoman empire, and the Mughal empire. The two empires share many traits, but they also differ in many ways. However, although similar, the Ottoman empire and Mughal empire are fundamentally different because of their view on religious tolerance, utilization of military successes, and women’s rights.
The Ottoman Empire covered parts of Asia, Europe and Africa controlled by their leader named Suleiman. He founded the Ottoman Empire from the Crusades. They gained power by using their advanced army and advanced weapons to attack other cities and conquer them. They consolidated by establishing trade relationships with other places to keep up their economic structure. They were able to maintain their power because Suleiman allowed freedom of religion of his conquered people and he established a fair political structure.
The Islamic religion spreaded quickly because of trade. Based on the fact, that Islam had trade over many empires. Corresponding to the map on Document A, “ Adding from the profits of caravans was a brisk pilgrimage trade, for Mecca was the site of Arabia 's holiest shrine. In addition, the holy city, Mecca was the main site for trade. According to the map, followed by Document C, ”Mecca, the holy city, had military campaigns and was in the middle of Arabia, near the coastlines.” Ultimately, Arabs transported goods to market places. Document A state 's,”Vast camel trains, bearing species, perfume, precious metals, ivory and silk, filed through the town, headed north on the way from Yemen … to the
In the city of Mecca, a man started a new religion known as Islam. This man was Muhammad who was born in about 570 C.E. While going to pray in a cave in the mountains of Mecca, an angel named Gabriel visited Muhammad. Gabriel proclaimed that Muhammad was a prophet, messenger of God. As he received messages from God, Muhammad began to teach and recite them to others. Over time, Islam attracted new followers through military conquest, trade, and the appeal of message, which contributed to the rapid spread of Islam.
The Ottoman and Mughal empires both used Islam in their culture, economy, wars, and society. It influenced their art, the way they treated non-Muslims, their motivations for war. It is important to note that both empires were influenced differently by their majority religion. However, both the Ottomans and Mughals were heavily influenced as Islam was a major part of everyday life from the art to the bureaucracy.
Islam is the fastest and second largest religion in the world. Islam started with a prophet named Muhammad. Muhammad was a local merchant in Mecca went to a cave named Mt. Hira in Arabia to meditate. There, he encounters an archangel named Gabriel who squeezed out of him saying, ”Allah is one god.” Then after, he started telling his family members but stood silent since no one listened. Eventually after a encouragement from close friends, he spoke which all went to the Qur’an. Since Mecca resisted, he moved onto other lands to preach the word. Eventually he turned back to Mecca and preached. Soon after it started spreading rapidly. Why did Islam spread so quickly? Islam spread quickly because of conquering others, trade, and taxes.
The rules of the Empire helped the religion gain followers and territory because the ideas and rules were desirable and ethical. A feeling of security made Islam a popular religion. In the verses from the Qur’an, which consist of the teachings and words of Allah, revealed through Muhammad, it tells the rules and expectations of the Muhammad and the Empire. The Qur'an also tells how if the rules are followed, men and women shall enter paradise, and blissful promises are also made if rules are followed (Doc B). A feeling of security at the conclusion of life, led many people to become Muslim so the Empire could expand. A respect of other religions by Muslims made Islam a sensible religion. In “The Caliph Omar: Arab Imperialist”, a secondary source, written by J.J. Saunders, a British historian it tells how Muslims respected other faiths as the empire spread. People were not forced into Islam (Doc H). The Muslims respected other faiths, helping their empire to stay strong. Since the people they conquered had respect for the Islamic culture it made them more susceptible to join in the future and put a positive idea of Islam in their head. The desirable rules of Islam caused people to convert without being forced.
The early Islamic period has an undeniable impact on shaping the Middle East. In the pre-Islamic age, Sassanid and Byzantine Empires were superior forces in the Middle East, which had their own political autonomy and civilization. However, the emergence of Islamic civilization, the superiority and impact of these two empires broke down, and the Middle East started to be reshaped and ruled by Arab-Muslims. The early Islamic era contributed significant alterations to the Middle East, including the religion of Islam, well-organized administration, urbanism, and social changes. However, according to some scholars, such changes have a pre-Islamic character which implies that reshaping of the Middle East started before the emergence of Islam (Bennison
The early Islamic empire has expanded throughout the years and over time. Throughout the Documents I found out that the Islamic empire expanded by coming together and reunited. In Document A I found that the Muslims gathered gather together, the Greeks and their followers tied themselves together therefore none of them could run away. In
Islam is the second biggest religion and fastest growing in the world today. Islam is a religion that Muslims follow and is a monotheistic faith regarded as revealed through Muhammad as the prophet of Allah. For Muslims, Muhammad is the last prophet and Abraham is the patriarch of the Qur’an, Bible and Torah. Islam is followed by over a billion people and Muslims make up approximately one quarter of the world’s population. Islam spread quickly during the 600’s trade, choice, and conquest.
The Ottoman Empire came into power in 1301. The Ottomans were able to overthrow the Seljuks and after that they were able to repopulate the city and stay in power until 1922. The Ottoman rulers implemented many systems that were more helpful than harmful and allowed them to have strong loyal citizens. These systems built up their empire in crucial places. The Ottoman Empire had a strong trade and military system with religious tolerance these factors allowed them to stay in power for so long.