Maslow's Need-Hierarchy Theory Maslow’s need hierarchy also is one of the famous motivation theory with five instinctive need arranged in a hierarchy, whereby people are motivated based on each level of the hierarchy According to Maslow, employees have five levels of needs which are physiological, safety and security, belongingness, and self-actualization. Maslow argued that each level must to fulfil before move to another level of the hierarchy. Maslow described the human needs which need to fulfil from the lowest to the highest in the. The provision of these needs changes people or employee behaviour in the task towards achieving organizational objectives. He pointed out that when a set of needs is satisfied, it is no longer able to motivate
This theory is the most well-known theory of motivation. Maslow describes that every human and individual there exists a hierarchy of five needs which is physiological being the first followed by safety-security, social-belongingness, esteem and self-actualization being the last or top of the pyramid. Physiological needs means that the individual needs water, shelter, food and other bodily needs in order to survive. Example, MAS must provide shelter for their employees to work comfortably and a good working environment must be provided. The second level safety-security means that employees or individual in an organization need security and protection from physical and emotional harm.
Maslow's needs hierarchy order methodology to need satisfaction is to arrange human needs into a chain of command of five primary classes: physiological, wellbeing, belongingness, regard, and the culmination toward oneself. The theory places that while we are roused by a few needs at the same time, the strongest spark will be the most reduced unsatisfied needs at the time. When these lower-level needs are fulfilled, the person would then be propelled to meet the following level of needs in the progressive system, and would keep on being thus, regardless of the possibility that this was never satisfied (Sagi et al., 2004). The ERG theory recategorised Maslow's needs chain of command into three essential needs: presence, relatedness and growth.
Once a person feels a sense of belonging, the need to feel important arises. The need for prestige and personal accomplishment are paramount in feeling self-worth and being valued. In light of this, it is easy to say that the fourth level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is esteem. The esteem needs begin to play a role after the three basic needs have be fulfilled. Esteem may be classified as internal or external.
Looking at Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, there are five primary needs which emphasizes on human motivation (Poduska, 1992). The physiological needs or basic needs are at the lowest level of the hierarchy. These needs must be satisfied in order for individuals to survive. It is then followed by the safety or security needs where individuals seek for protection and stability. When these needs are satisfied, individuals are motivated to fulfill the next level of needs which is the love and belongingness needs.
1. Achievements – attain realistic but challenging goals and gain advancement in the job; 2. Power – lead and have their ideas prevail; and 3. Affiliation – cooperative relationships with others, these three needs are not mutually exclusive. People may be motivated by one or two or all three elements.
other companies that have successfully implemented family-friendly practices in their organisations. Ernst and Young (EY) is a multinational private partnership professional services company headquartered and founded in London, United Kingdom. It offers assurance, tax, consulting and advisory services to companies. The firm dates to 1849 with the founding of Harding & Pullein in England, however, the current firm was formed by a merger of Ernst & Whinney and Arthur Young & Co. in 1989. They have over 200 000 employees worldwide and revenues well over USD 20 billion.
Maslow’s Hierarchy was created by Abraham Maslow in which he suggests that before more sophisticated, higher order needs can be met, certain primary needs must be satisfied”. “A pyramid can represent the model, with the more basic needs at the bottom and the higher level at the top”. Robert S. Feldman 2010 Psychology and your life Module 22 Pages 249-250 University of Massachusetts, Amherst” The basic needs are primary drives; needs for water, food, sleep, and sex. “In order for a person to move up the hierarchy, Maslow suggests that people need a safe, secure environment in order to function effectively.” Robert S. Feldman, 2010, Psychology and Your life, Module 22 Pages 249-250 University of Massachusetts, Amherst.” Only after meeting