perfringens food poisoning are the results of ingesting improperly stored and cooked foods, Normally, the bacteria is found on food after cooking, and these bacteria can multiply and cause large consumption of C. perfringens resulting in food poisoning. The foods most commonly infected with C. perfringens are meats, meat products, gravies, dried or pre-cooked foods, foods prepared in large quantities and kept warming for long period of time before serving. Food poisoning outbreaks occur most often in hospitals, school cafeterias, prisons, nursing homes, or catered food events. Everyone is susceptible to C. perfringens, food poisoning, but very young and elderly are at higher risk due to a weaker immune
• • Eating contaminated food. • • Coming into contact with the stool of an infected person and passing the bacteria from your hands to your mouth. RISK FACTORS This condition is more likely to develop in: • • People who live in or have traveled to
It bthe type of parasitic infection by tapeworm. This is one of common disease occur in most areas of the world. It also require two hosts, definitive host-carnivores and intermediate hosts- sheep and cattle. Humans are accidental hosts, because they are a dead end of this infection. Humans are infected by handling soil, dirt or animal hair that contains eggs of this tapeworm..In humans they are localized in the liver in most of the cases and in other organs of bodies such as spleen, brain heart and kidney.
Generally those regions belong to South Asia, Central America, Africa and Southeast Asia. This arsenic contamination provides a multiple layered threat to further contamination on food chain. With crops, the contamination of arsenic is through intake from the soil itself and then compounded with contaminated water that is used for irrigation. When it reaches the population, in arsenic contaminated region, the threat is also increased not only from the crops but also from contaminated water used for drinking and cooking
Gastroenteritis:. Infection of the stomach or intestine is called gastroenteritis. Even though viruses cause gastrointestinal infection but bacteria also cause such infections by infecting the lining of the intestine or the stomach. stomach is infectad by large number of pathogenic microorganism and this infection is usually extends to the nearest structures which are the esophagus proximally and duodenum distally. Stomach infections is caused by two gerneral situations which are gastritis and gastroenteritis.
It can be caused by a number of factors such as : Gastroenteritis - this is typically acquired from food or water that has been contaminated by faeces or directly from another infected person. This causes infectious diarrhoea and the infectious agents can be bacteria, viruses or parasites. Common causative bacterial agents are Escherichia coli, Vibrio cholerae, Shigella dysenteriae and Clostridium difficile. Food allergies or food intolerance such as lactose intolerance. An adverse reaction to medication such as penicillin, antacids and laxatives.
Tetanus Muscular System Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is a serious bacterial infection called Clostridium tetani, that causes serious painful muscle spasms and can lead to death. Clostridium tetani spores are able to for long periods outside of the body. These spores found mainly in animal feces and contaminated soil, but they can survive anywhere. The bacteria enters the body through puncture wounds. Tetanus can enter the body by; animal bites, skin burns, body piercing and tattoos done with unsterile tools, injection of drugs with contaminated needles, abrasion and laceration, and even circumcision.
Actual affected sheep show coronitis, laminitis and necrosis of muscles resulting in difficulties in standing and reluctant to move. Bluetongue virus in pregnant animal can cause abortion, foetal mummification and animal can give birth to weak offspring with high chances of congenital defects e.g. retinal dysplasia, cerebral cysts etc. however it makes the animal to be more susceptible to other
Pathogenic bacteria may also emit toxins that damage the body. Common pathogenic bacteria and the types of bacterial diseases they cause include: Salmonella and Escherichia coli cause poisoning food . Staphylococcus aureus a different infections in the body canhappened, for example: boils, wound infections, abscesses, toxic shock syndrome, food poisoning and pneumonia.
For instance, though the channel by bites from insects or animals. Beside, others are obtained by consumed contaminated food or drinks which being exposed to the environment with the organisms. In addition, the signs and symptoms of the diseases are extend depending on the organism which causing the infection. For examples which often happen as fever, diarrhea, fatigue, muscle aches, coughing. If the organisms did not very active, the mild infection will respond to rest and home remedies.
Necrotizing Fasciitis also known as flesh eating bacterial infection is a rapidly progressing fleshing eating disease which destroy muscle, fat and skin tissue. Flesh eating bacteria release toxin and destroy the surrounded tissue. This infection occurs in people with compromised immune system. The bacterias that caused this infection are Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio vulnificus, Clostridium perfringens, Bacteroides fragilis, Aeromonas hydrophila. The infection usually begins locally by a trauma that allows the bacteria to enter the body.
The enzyme urease tends to trigger inflammation. Once those chemicals have been converted, the acidity in the mucous surrounding the bacteria then becomes neutral protecting the bacteria. Even with the immune system being strong, the bacterium does not get abolished due to Helicobacter Pylori creating components in the cell wall that are similar to molecules made in
Bacteria, fungi, viruses and parasites cause meningitis and encephalitis. Although, meningitis can be caused by any of those four infectious causes, it is most often caused by a bacterial or viral infection. Pneumococcal meningitis is the most common form of meningitis and is a bacterial infection. The disease is caused by the bacteria called Streptococcus Pneumoniae. It can also lead to pneumonia, sinus infections and blood poisoning.
The common food vehicles. Onsets is 2 days to 3 weeks; severe form may have incubation period period of 3 days to 3 months. Raw milk, deli type salads, processed meats, soft cheese, undercooked poultry. Ice cream, raw vegetables, raw and cooked poultry are contributing factors of this bacteria. Symptoms include sudden fever, headaches, back ache, occasional pain, and diarrhea septicemia and meningitis may lead to death.
Crohn 's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease which means it can take place anywhere from the mouth to the anus(GI tract). The most common areas is the ileum and the colon. Crohn 's disease appears when regular bacteria that helps with breakdown of food is misunderstood for something trying to harm the body. Then the antibodies create inflammation in that specific area. Which precedes as a chronic disease that deals with not only inflammation but ulcers created in the tissue.