In 1945 World War two had come to an end. Canada, a great contributor to the war, had many challenges to face and overcome post war. A major part of these challenges were environmental challenges, which Canada primarily encountered from 1945 - 1982. The main environmental challenges include: pollution of the great lakes, mining, and deforestation. The Great Lakes had many benefits for Canada, which include: the transportation of goods, home for many aquatic species, and the provision of drinking water. Although, the lakes provided a great abundance to Canada they became over polluted after World War two, leading to a challenge Canada had to face. As a result “The Canadian Government became aware of the pollution in the great great lakes, to reduce the problem the Great Lakes Water Quality and Clean Water Act were created.” (www.Great-lakes.net) The Acts helped reduce the amount of PCBs, raw sewage, and mercury in the lake. The creation of both Acts proves that pollution in the …show more content…
As the years progressed and the ages evolved, the demand for minerals and ores increased. The high demand resulted in a faster process and worse environmental conditions, when mining. These mining strategies posed a threat towards Canada’s environment and created a challenge the country had to face. The strategies created “erosion, sinkholes, loss of biodiversity, contamination of soil, ground and surface water.” (nrcan.gr.ca/mining) The negative results of mining proves that it posed a threat towards Canada’s environment. The effects resulted in the Environmental Movement in Canada to target mining processes that could be harmful of the environment. Mining in Canada created an environmental challenge that Canada had to posses because of the harmful side effects produced in the process. This resulted in Canada rethinking the mining process in order to conserve the natural
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Overall Canada's Autonomy was improved socially, economically and politically as Canada become more and more independent and equal to the British Empire. Canada grew Politically as they made decisions for itself and did not rely on Britain to approve of the decisions. Canada grew socially as they created their own broadcasting channel where Canadian artists, singers, and entertainers could be heard. Finally economically where Canada became heavily involved in trade with the United States and broke trade with Britain meaning more resources manufactured and send without tax. The late 20s’ and 30s’ were not only a building place for Canada as a whole but a start for independence freedom and equality for Canada and its citizens.
Giant mine: social impacts and remediation Over the fifty-four years of operation, Giant Mine produced over seven million ounces of gold worth a massive two billion dollars. Located just outside Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Giant Mine, mined and processed gold, which entailed several processes that leaves behind a very toxic chemical dust called arsenic trioxide (Sandlos, J., & Keeling, 2012). However, with many growing cities, recourse extraction was the most beneficial way to turn what they had into money. Mining can provoke serious change within a community; while this can help fund local infrastructure such as building roads and schools, mining will always leave the land devastated when the resource runs dry. Before Giant Mine was
Petro-Canada’s Impact on the Canadian Economy Throughout the 1970s, economic relationships and dynamics worldwide in the energy economy experienced rapid changes, resulting in the incredibly volatile and unstable oil price climate. The issue with energy became a widely debated topic between Trudeau’s liberal government and its critics. During these years, the petroleum industry in Canada was dominated by foreign control, which was mostly American.
Canada has been defined by its contributions at home and abroad in WWI, WWII, and peacekeeping. World War I played an important role in Canada’s history. It shaped Canada by giving women suffrage and by the war creating a greater divide between French and English Canadians. By the end of WWI, the Canadian government
Coal mining in Cape Breton is an important piece of history, it gave many men, young and old, secure jobs. Jobs that also meant endangering their lives every day as they went into the mines, possibilities of dust explosions threatened them daily along with unknown threats to their health, breathing in the dust from the mines would build up and cause serious long term lung diseases. Taking jobs in the mines meant being put in a company town, leaving them little to none free choice of their own, also taking the job meant being paid very little which resulted in hunger and poverty among the miners, and when striking against the company for more money and more power over their own lives it resulted in extreme police brutality towards the miners.
During the 1920’s Canada’s economy prospered, since many countries recovering from the horrors and especially damages of the war, required Canadian products. Canada’s abundance in resources such as pulp, forestry, wheat and mining greatly contributed to Europe’s recovery as well as the Canadian economy. Throughout this decade, many products and resources became more available such as cars due to mass production techniques developed to meet the product demand. For instance, the vehicle ownership rate in Canada increased from 300 000 in 1918 to 1.9 million by 1929.
The Gold Rush’s Lasting Legacy on the Environment The California Gold Rush from 1848 to 1855 was a time filled with excitement and prosperity, in which thousands of people came to California to pull gold from the now Sierra Mountains. Gold was one of the most sought-after mineral on this planet, often treasured for its monetary and aesthetic value. Gold has been a rarity due to its difficulty in extracting and refining. Gold is often only extracted through placer mining, hydraulic mining, and lode mining.
The events in American history have also affected Canada from a political perspective, which lead to the Democracy that is present today. Another way the U.S. has affected Canada is from a military perspective because Americans are quick to jump to war and Canada has had to help control them which lead to them being peacekeepers. The United States helped mold the Canadian identity by being both a threat and support to the nation; this will continue into the 21st century but Canada will keep it’s unique identity. A country 's culture can be seen as interchangeable with identity; in Canada there is evidence of American culture everywhere.
Today, Canada is seen as a multicultural and peaceful nation that has evolved over the course of history. This great nation would never have been possible without the impact that former Prime Minister, Lester B. Pearson left on this country. His achievements and insights profoundly affected and shaped Canada’s nation. First, peacekeeping is an important part of Canada’s heritage and a reflection of its fundamental beliefs that Pearson implemented after dealing with world changing situations and winning a Nobel Prize. Also, his contributions as a liberal leader as well as the flaws and controversy with Diefenbaker did in fact define this country.
The pebble Mine in Alaska has some pros and a lot of cons for the world if the mine was approved by the government. The pros are economically rich in minerals for devices and purposes. The cons list the disruptions of nature and the people who live off the land. The pros are economic benefit.
The concept of environmental justice was first introduced in South Africa at the Earthlife 1992 conference (Cock 2004, p.6). Defined as the ‘fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies’ (U.S Environment Protection Agency, 2012), environmental justice aims to shift the world towards environmentally friendly development and eradicate exploitation of natural resources and indigenous communities. Most importantly, it deals mainly with the environmental injustices of these relationships, and the ways and means of rectifying these wrongs and/or avoiding them in the future
The mine wastes were deposited along the 620 stretch of the river, leading to great loss of animal life and vegetation. The pollution is regarded as the most destructive environmental disaster. The main type of depletion at the mine is the loss of minerals and other natural resources such as vegetation. Compare and contrast the views of (a) an ecological ethic, (b) Blackstone's ethic of environmental rights, and (c) a utilitarian ethic of pollution control.