Essay On Gingivitis

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Gingivitis is said to be defined as a mild and common type of gum disease (periodontal disease) which causes irritation, redness and swelling (inflammation) into your gingiva, which is the part of gum around the base of teeth. It should be taken as a serious disease and should be treated immediately. It can further lead to much more serious gum disease known as Periodontitis and also may cause tooth loss. The most common cause leading gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. It can be cured by habits of good oral health, including brushing twice a day, flossing daily and getting regular dental checkups can help prevent gingivitis.
There are 2 main types of gingival diseases:
Dental plaque-induced gingival disease: this type of disease can be …show more content…

As long the plaque and tartar remain on your teeth, the more it irritates the gingival, which is the part of gum around your teeth base, leading inflammation. Mean while, the gums are swollen and can bleed easily. It may also result to tooth decay and if left untreated, gingivitis can be advanced to periodontitis and eventually tooth loss may occur. Risk factors
Gingivitis is common, among every individual. Factors that can increase your risk of gingivitis include:
• Poor oral care habits
• Chewing tobacco or Smoking
• Older age is most common
• Dry mouth
• Poor nutrition, such as vitamin C deficiency
• Dental restorations that don't fit properly or crooked teeth that are difficult to clean
• Conditions that weakens immunity including leukemia, HIV/AIDS or cancer treatment
• Certain drugs, including phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek) used for treating epileptic seizures, also some calcium channel blockers, used for treating angina, high blood pressure and some other conditions
• Hormonal changes may also lead to gingivitis, such as those changes related to pregnancy, menstrual cycle or use of birth control pills
• Genetics
• Some Medical conditions including certain viral and fungal infections.

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