Diplomatic asylum protects the political offender against any measures of a manifestly extra-legal character which a government might take against its political opponents. The fact bears observing that even within the Latin American institution of diplomatic asylum, reasons of humanity are, by themselves, not sufficient to establish a right to give refuge on mission premises. The significant feature of diplomatic asylum, as it appears in the relevant treaties, is that the persons seeking asylum are accused of political offenses or pursued for political reasons.93 If humanitarian reasons had been the decisive factor, diplomatic asylum would have been opened to those accused of common offences as well even the common criminal might, after all, be threatened with mob
I want to research whether countries should be morally obligated to give asylum to refugees. I want to also find out what causes this problem, what effects and consequences this will have on the country. Finally I want to obtain a possible course of action to try to put an end to this problem. INTRODUCTION To start, it’s important to note that some people deny that we have moral obligations to needy non-citizens like refugees. For many, the state’s obligations are entirely towards its own citizens.
Homelessness is a serious problem all over the world. This problem used to be of an emergent issue but is now seen as a chronic problem (Howard 38). Almost everywhere people go there will be homeless on the street or overcrowded shelters nearby. Chronic, transitional and episodic are the three main types of homelessness (Byrne 3). Although most people think that having no money makes you homeless, in fact, to be considered homeless you just have to not have a permanent home.
In the course of over the last seven decades, governments in Myanmar have discriminated against Rohingyas, failing to count them as a ‘national race’ or even a distinctive linguistic, religious and cultural group. In 1998, in a letter to UNHCR, Burma’s then Prime Minister General KhinNyunt wrote: “Rohingyas are not originally from Myanmar but have illegally migrated to Myanmar because of population pressures in their own country.” And a February 2009 article in the government-owned New Light of Myanmar newspaper stated that “In Myanmar there is no national race by the name of Rohinja.” Deprivation of citizenship has served as a key strategy to justify arbitrarytreatment and discriminatory policies against the Rohingya. On 10 May 2008, the Rohingya were allowed to vote in the constitutional referendum but ironically the new Constitution, which was approved, does not contain any provisions granting them citizenship rights. There is no political will for the Rohingya to be accepted as Burmese citizens in the foreseeable future (Lewa, 2009).As Myanmar Govt. considers that Rohingyas are economic migrants from Bangladesh, especially from the Chittagong area which is adjacent to Rakhaine State of Myanmar, where Rohingyas are living, that’s why they cannot be the citizen of Myanmar.
The Right to Asylum Although the CR and the PR set the basics of the refugee protection regime, they do not grant the right to asylum. On the contrary, the right to asylum is the decision of each state according to its sovereignty (Barnet, 2002 and Henkel, 1982). Refugees can seek asylum in the first signatory country they enter, but other countries they pass through later can send them back to that first country (Barnet, 2002). Furthermore, the procedures of granting asylum are not regulated in the CR (Phoung, 2005). The Right of Non Refoulement Nevertheless, the convention does not obligate states to grant asylum; it protects the principle of non refoulement where the refugees cannot be expelled or returned to a country where their life
2.2 DIMENTIONS OF INTEGRATION There is a large volume of published studies describing about the integration of refugees in the host countries. However, Different studies give different aspects of integration of refugees. Some are limited and narrow, while others are comprehensive and extensive. There are different domains of integration of refugees, economic integration (participation in the labor market), political integration (turnout), and social integration (networking and participation in organization (Hagelund&Loga, 2009) Hegeland and Loga fails to give other aspects of integration; the role of family reunion to the integration of refugees, right to have permanent residence and nationality to integration of integration and the impact of discrimination to integration of
The next problem was if the refugees were allowed to stay in a country. Countries were not prepared for the amounts of refugees they were receiving. The refugees were running into problems when they were coming into the countries. They found that the states did not have enough food, shelter, or other resources. They came into a country that was giving them places to live that were not planned for them such as abandoned buildings, schools, airports.
Since this photo emerged almost two years ago, 8500 more migrants have died or disappeared on their perilous journey to Europe and many more soon to come. As of recently Europe’s policies of constructing fences and walls have simply diverted the flow of migrants from one border to another rather than reducing it. In the last few years countries like: Hungary, Austria, Slovenia, Norway, and Macedonia have all started construction to build fences and walls specifically being “protection” against refugees. Experts suggest that this has only resulted in more dangerous and longer pathways for refugees in order to reach safety and freedom, going from land routes to far more dangerous sea routes. Even after the viral story of the “Boy on the Beach”, we still have countries building walls and leaving refugees to suffer the harsh tides of the mediterranean.
Those refugees staying inside the refugee camps are prohibited to work or moving out of the camp as stipulated in Thailand’s 1977 Immigration Act but protected from arrest and forced return to Myanmar. Majority of the refugees which are unregistered, live and work outside the camps without recognized legal status of any kind, leaving them at the mercy of the authorities and risk of being arrested and deported. Since they are stateless people and residing in Thailand border on temporary basis, the refugees are vulnerable to various forms of exploitation, abuse, human trafficking, intimidation, or forced to return. Something need to done to legalize their existence so that they can be protected and provided with basic
When a refugee is forced to leave their home, they often leave most of their belongings behind and have to walk several miles for safety. The criticisms of humanitarian Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) throughout this phase prompted a period of reflection for agencies and encouraged the continuous adjustments which molded the contemporary system (Passant, 2009). Africa’s refugee crisis is one of the most crucial challenges and encounters of the 21st century and the response of the international community as a whole has been a dreadful