These chemicals give people more energy and strength, which can be a good thing if their stress is caused by physical danger. But this can also be a bad thing, if there is no way out for extra energy and strength. Firstly, we need to know what mean the term of stress. According to oxford dictionary, stress mean a state of mental or emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or demanding circumstances. It is mean, stress will occur when there is any adjustment you have to make in your life such as work overload or a nagging boss, computer problems or time deadlines, downsizing and mergers, accelerating rates of change and world event.
Two concepts are centralized to The Lazarus psychological stress theory: Appraisal (i.e., individuals’ evaluation of the significance of what is happening for their well-being, and Coping (i.e., individuals’ efforts in thought and action to manage specific demands). The theory states that stress is regarded as a relational concept meaning stress is not defined as a specific pattern of physiological, behavioural, or subjective reasons. Instead, stress is viewed as a relationship between individuals and their environment (Krohne, 2002). Likewise, the study is focused on stress, the factors that affect it, and the environment that stress inhabits in. Several factors were used in the research to identify the external factors that may cause stress
Stress and Child Development Stress is referred to as any uncomfortable emotional experience which is followed by predictable biochemical, physiological and behavioral changes (Baum, 1990). Factors that cause stress, otherwise known as stressors, stem from problems found in life, work, etc. Stress is a response that is caused by a demand. There are those who believe that stress is introduced in adulthood, especially the younger generation that makes the decision to venture off on their own by leaving the comfort of home and the care of parents. Others understand that stress is birthed much at the much younger age of adolescence.
Theories of Stress In Systematic Stress, endocrinologist Hans Selye's Theory said that variety of stimulus event applied intensely and long enough are capable of common effects not specific to stimulus event. Changes caused constitute the stereotypical (specific response to pattern of systematic stress). It defined stress as "state manifested by a syndrome which consists of all nonspecifically induced change in biologic system". General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) composed of three stages namely A. Alarm Reaction wherein in the shock phase causes autonomic excitability (increased adrenaline discharge, gastro-intestinal ulcerations) while with the counter shock phase, initial operation of defensive processes, increased adrenocortical activity.
So what is stress? Gurung explains that a stressor is anything that causes a stress response –i.e. increased heart rate and breathing etc.,, if a situation does not cause a physiological stress response then it is just an event (p. 103). In earlier times stressors were predominately physical –wild animals, enemy attacks etc., while these certainly still exists today, most of our stressors in modern day America are psychological. (p. 105) Stress is a response to a perceived danger.
Stress occurs when pressure exceeds your perceived ability to cope. Stress is real and is not good for us. We work at our optimum when we are under the right amount of pressure. An internal Locus of Control is desirable and good for our psychological health. Chapter 2 “A working model of stress, coping and resilience” provides a working model of stress that underpins the approach of the book, and looks at the importance of life events and the concept of helpful and unhelpful negative emotions.
These include having fear and uncertainty about a threat of violence, and becoming pessimistic as a result of watching negative news. Your brain interprets complex changes in your environment and body and determines when to respond to an emergency. It is now more common for the cause of stress to be social – called ‘social stressors’, such as deadlines, job interviews, presentations, disagreements and demand for your time and atten- tion. Another cause of stress is physiological. The growth of adolescence, menopause in women, ageing, injuries, illness, lack of sleep, and injuries are all sources of stress.
The aim of the paper is to discuss stress, explain different types of stressors, and describe physiological responses to stress and illness related to stress and at the same time explaining the different stress management techniques. Stress has been defined as a stimulus, a response or the result of an interaction between the two, with the interaction described in terms of some imbalance between the persons and the environment (Copper, 2001). Copper indicates the signs of being too much stressed are: feeling exhausted, being sick from time to time, being absent minded, chronic headaches and being over emotionally, irritability, mental fatigue and self-neglect. Copper categorizes the stress into three groups: acute stress, episode acute stress and chronic stress. Acute stress this is a brief stress caused by the demands and
According to the article, stressors lead to “changes in the immune systems, cardiovascular and endocrine systems” . Homeostatic changes are a response to stress hormones which destabilise the body by stimulating energy distribution within the body organs and tissues . As a result, immune cells are activated which then put on hold physical activities such as growth and eating and that could be risky to the physical status of the body . The rise in the levels of leucocytes in blood in absence of pathogens could damage tissues and organs in case of acute stressors . Elevated intracellular damages is associated with poor immune responses and body healing which increases an individual’s vulnerability to infections
Stress is a person’s reaction and response to stressors, while stressors are events that cause stress for individuals. It is something that humans, in general, experience everyday in either their professional, social, or personal lives. Stress has a big impact on the human’s well-being, way of behaving, mood, and their psychological health as a whole. Those stressful events impact both children and adults. Young and healthy people‘s response to stressful life events can be adaptive which basically doesn’t affect their health and welfare, while old and unhealthy people’s responses to the same stress may have a huge influence upon their health.