PATCH - Phases Phase V: Evaluating PATCH • Evaluation is used to determine the success of the intervention and to monitor the entire PATCH process: • Is the intervention achieving its objectives? • Should the intervention(s) be changed, expanded, or repeated? MATCH (Simons-Morton, D., Simons-Morton, B., Parcel, & Bunker, 1988) Multilevel Approach toward Community Health • A health education planning model that consists of five phases, namely, goals selection, intervention planning, program development, implementation preparations, and evaluation. • Phase 1: Goal Setting Step 1: Select health-status goals Step 2: Select high-priority population(s) Step 3: Identify health behavior goals Step 4: Identify environmental factor goals MATCH - Phases • Phase 2: Intervention Planning Step 1: Identify the targets of the intervention (tia's) Step 2: Select the intervention objectives Step 3: Identify mediators of the intervention objectives Step 4: Select intervention
Health promotion in the health care services is therefore one of the key methods through which individuals can employ persuasive methodologies alongside personal one-to-one counselling from individuals which health to alter the behaviours, knowledge and attitudes of individuals towards the health choices they make. 1.1
Community health assessment (CHA) is a systematic examination of the health status indicators of a specific population that is used to determine key issues and assets in a community. The main objective of community health assessment is to establish plans to address the community’s health needs and issues. Variation of tools and processes, community engagement and shared participation are utilized to conduct a community health assessment. According to NACCHO (n.d.b), a CHA can be used to answer the following questions for a community: “What are the health problems in a community? Why do health issues exist in a community?
Task 2 7 / C.P6: Compare the influence of different health and safety laws or policies on health and social care practice in a selected setting There are several different health and safety laws and policies that vary between settings in health and social care aimed towards different legislations that must be followed, and have resulted in improvements in health and social care practice. It is important that these legislations are followed by service providers in order for them to promote safe practice and to fully understand their responsibilities under these legislations. Some of the legislations include the Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974, the Data Protection Act 1998, the Care Act 2014, the Care Standards Act 2000 and the Equality Act 2010. The Health and Safety at Work Act etc 1974 aims to ensure the health, safety and welfare to all individuals in the workplace and reducing the risk of accidents, illness, injuries and malpractice. This can include the administration, handling, storage and record of dangerous substances and the training of staff in these areas as well as in handling safety equipment to ensure health and safety.
Facilitate visitation from elders or Angalkuq as part of care when possible. Be aware of any therapeutic interventions they may try to administer for treatment of illness along with herbal remedies be respectful of any praying or chanting. (Napoleon, 1996, pp 4-9). Health Care Practice and Health Care Practitioner Essentially these domains may prove to impact patient care the most. Greater understanding of health care practices and health care practitioners can bridge communication between the two worlds.
Today in this moment, we have more scientific knowledge and are more technologically advanced than ever in human history. Yet we still suffer from a health crisis. Many experts understand the importance of having a biopsychosocial approach to health care, meaning we need to take into consideration the biological, psychological, sociological and ecological issues for a real understanding of health. Nevertheless, because of systemic economic pressures we have a global health crisis that we simply cannot afford to ignore. In my research I explore systems theory in an effort to understand the root causes of this crisis, I also explore some possible practical solutions to this complicated and ever evolving issue.
The prevalence of HF is expected to increase by 25 percent in the next two decades, exacerbating the extent of these issues (Benjamin et al., 2018). Repeat and frequent emergency room visits and hospital readmissions for symptom relief contribute to HF being the most costly cardiovascular illness in the United States and cause an immense burden on the individual, the family and the health care system. Common reasons for HF hospitalizations and readmissions include delays in symptom recognition, lack of knowledge and skills for competent self care and as a result, poor adherence to their treatment regimen involving the restriction of fluid and sodium intake, daily weight monitoring, regular physical activity and the regular use of medications (Dennison, 2011; CDC, 2016). The American Heart Association (AHA) identified low health literacy as a challenge to effective self-care for patients with HF. According to the AHA, about half of those afflicted will die within five years of the diagnosis (Benjamin et al., 2018).
Thus, public health approach is to deal with all the determinants of health which requires multi sectoral collaboration and inter disciplinary coordination. Health care includes medical care and care of the determinants of health (this collective approach will help to improve the health of the community).Public Health approach is a holistic approach which encompasses all elements required for healthy living. It controls disease through health promotion, specific protection and by restoration and rehabilitation. In addition, disease surveillance which informs about ongoing as well as emerging public health issues is a core public health function. Other important functions are developing partnerships, formulation of regulations/laws, planning/policies and Human Resource Development.
Lifestyle Choices Relevant To Health, How Health Status Is Perceived and Provision of Health Care Services Human behaviour often plays an important role to maintain health and prevention of disease. With an eye to lower the considerable mortality and morbidity linked with health related issue, health professionals have twisted to models of behaviour for guiding the
Issues within the Health Care Organization Institutional Affiliation Date The health care organization should be able to provide reliable health facilities to encourage public health or all persons. The credentials that are required have notable differences when it comes to their relation to the health care facilities are often governed by institutions or organizations which subject these health care facilities to standard tests to ensure they are better equipped and are recognized to handle health care issues. Licensure is the time-limited permission that a government organization grants for an individual to engage in the occupation after meeting the standardized criteria required by the agency. Some health care facilities are also
The number one killer in the United States today is heart disease or also known as cardiovascular disease (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2015). As death rates begin to rise due to cardiovascular disease, in 1948 the Framingham Heart Study became a joint project of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and Boston University to pinpoint the most common factors that play a role in cardiovascular disease and strokes (Framingham Heart Study, 2015). Over several years, the Framingham study has identified several risks factors that are believed to increase the likelihood of a person being diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. These risk factors include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, obesity, diabetes, and physical
Security should always be required when accessing patient records. Data use agreements and connections between HIE organizations are also a concern with health information exchange. “The types of healthcare partners that are needed is a challenge when determining the trading area needed for a viable HIE” (PHII, 2005). Although there are challenges, there are opportunities with implementing a health information exchange system. One opportunity is HIE can improve reporting to public health and in return improve the health of the community.
Make and keep your major health decisions with advance health care directives. While they vary by state, advance directives can carry significant importance, especially as one gets older and increasingly concerned with health care and end-of-life decisions. Typically, two basic advance directives can cover a patient’s needs: the durable power of attorney for health care and the living will. Both serve the purpose of empowering the individual concerning personal health care in the case of incapacitation by illness or injury. The living will protects a person’s predetermined choices relating to how their physician carries out their health care or end-of-life care in the event that they become unconscious or mentally incapable.