The fecal transplant added the healthy bacteria that was missing, back into the gut to help kill off the invading C. difficile infection. In week 1 the patient was feeling normal and healthy. Their gut contained all of the right bacteria they were supposed to have. L. reuteri (digestive and vitamin producing bacteria), B. fragilis (helps to produce immune cells), Prevotella (provides materials needed for growth and repair in the gut, keeping the gut lining healthy), B. animalis (prevents multiplying of infectious bacteria), and E. coli (take up extra space, preventing invasion of unhealthy bacteria). In week 3, the patient was feeling very sick, with vomiting, diarrhea and developing a fever. The bacteria in their gut looked the same, except
In Jay Hardy article, “Medical Wisdom Challenged by a Cocktail” analyzes the discovery of the real cause of gastric ulcers. Also, he talked about Marshall’s struggle trying to prove his theory in an outrageous way. Most scientists thought the cause of stomach ulcers before Warren and Marshall’s discovery were stress, excess acid, and eating spicy food. However, German scientists researched that a spiral-shaped bacterium inhabited that was lining of the human stomach, but they couldn’t culture the organism. So, the research on stomach ulcers were forgotten. In 1981,Barry Marshall had a theory for the cause of duodenal and gastric ulcers. Scientist didn 't believed him, so he decided to drink a bacterial cocktail to prove his theory was right. Although, he became very sick and severed from nausea, Marshall took an endoscopy which revealed inflammatory signs of gastritis and the presence of H. pylori. Marshall results proved that H.
A few months after my healthy birth, my mom and dad, as well as my daycare provider, noticed I just was not thriving like a toddler should be. I could only walk for a short time using furniture or holding a hand. My body functions also had changed and my body did not digest anything, but my appetite had accelerated. For example, for supper I would eat three hotdogs, macaroni and cheese and beans. Even though I was eating all that food, I was becoming very skinny. When I was 15 months old, I still was not thriving. When they weighted me at the clinic, I weighed about 20 pounds, however, after the urgent care doctor came into see me, he was immediately concerned that I did not have any fat on my body. He decided they needed to do a chest and
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention define the term, “Latino” or, “Hispanic” as “a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin” (Arias, 2010). In the United States, Latinos have comprised 16 percent of the population, making them the largest minority. Some sources project that this proportion will increase to 30 percent by 2050 (Juckett, 2013). With such a presence of Hispanic people, it is very likely that nurses will have the opportunity to provide culturally competent care to these individuals. As such, it is important to know how the Latino culture generally regards health, illness, disease, and death.
Patient is Terrance V. Haller, a 13-year-old male who enjoys outdoor activities such as skateboarding. No previous medical history and there are no known allergies. Terrance had a skateboarding accident where there were multiple lacerations and contusions. The wound on his forearm extending to his elbow was slow healing and therefore became pus producing. The patient has since returned to his primary care physician to find out what is going on.
In this experiment, an unknown culture of two different types of bacteria was assigned to each person, a number of tests were performed to isolate and identify these bacterial cells. Based on knowledge from the previous experiments completed in lab, a basic understanding of each type of bacteria was used to create a flow chart that would aid the process of identifying the unknown bacteria within the culture. A gram stain that is performed initially will narrow down the types of tests certain bacteria will and will not respond to. In addition to the gram stain, some of the tests that were used include, a catalase test, an Eosin methylene blue (EMB) agar test, a bile esculin test, and a 6.5% sodium chloride (NaCl) test. If the catalase enzyme is present in the organism being tested then when in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the enzyme will convert the solution to water and oxygen, this can be observed bubbling of the organism when hydrogen peroxide is added to the test tube. EMB agar is both a selective and differential media; it is selective for gram-negative cells, in that when a gram-positive culture is plated there will be no colonies after incubation because the eosin and methylene dyes prevent the growth of gram-positive organisms, the
Stomachaches have always been a huge part of my life. Everyone has them, but I think I’ve had more than the average kid. Throughout my childhood, I remember having numerous nights in pain and early morning vomit sessions. However, out of all of these memories there is one that was more terrifying than the others. One of the scariest days of my life was when I was admitted into the hospital because of a “stomachache.”
In section 2 of worksheet 6 you will be asked to answer a series of short answer, critical thinking and case study questions. Please consider each question carefully and then answer in your own words. Below is the rubric that will be used to evaluate your answers. Please review it carefully.
Helicobacter Pylori is typically found in the epithelial lining of the stomach or in the gastric mucous layer frequently adapting to the tough environments of the stomach. Humans are the target reservoir for this bacterium to infect. It is a spiral shaped, gram-negative bacterium that causes gastric and duodenal ulcers in the stomach. Helicobacter Pylori was first discovered in 1982 when two biologists took a brand new bacterium, isolated it, and showed that the bacterium caused ulcers in the stomach. The link between bacteria and ulcers was then established.
Expanding the number of HIV- infected persons who know their status is a foremost objective of the US. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “ The 2006 guidelines for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women recommend a universal routine HIV screen in all public and private health care settings” (Pinkerton, S., Bogart, L., Howerton, D., Snyder, S., Becker, K., & Asch, S. 2010). These settings include hospitals, emergency departments, urgent care settings, inpatient services, and health departments. By including all medical care settings throughout the country in rapid HIV- testing research has suggested that rapid testing was more desirable for people getting tested for the virus. Because of high costs associated with
This paper will specialize on a specific type of bacterial foodborne illness caused by the bacteria Escherichia Coli. E. coli was discovered by Theodore von Escherich in 1885. E.coli is a natural found bacteria that lies throughout the intestinal tract of warm blooded animals and comes in many forms only one of which is deadly. This form is E. coli 0157:H7 which can be caused by direct exposure to fecal matter to kill this rouge E.coli the contaminated material must be cooked at 160 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. In the United States every year 73,000 people are afflicted with this rouge E.coli in which an average of 61 people die. One other form of E.coli that can be detrimental to your health is the Shiga producing E.coli 026 (STEC 026)
stomach usually produces acid to help with the digestion of food and to destroy bacteria. This acid is corrosive, therefore some cells on the inside lining of the stomach and duodenum usually produce a natural mucus barrier which protects the lining of the stomach and duodenum. Generally there is always a balance between the acid amount that we make and the mucus protect barrier. Due to the alteration in this balance an ulcer may develop, allowing the acid to damage the lining of the duodenum or stomach .