In 1791 the Haitian Revolution begins to take place, before this they had spent the last almost 300 years under Spanish and French rule. Located in the Caribbean Sea it was the first independent nation in the Caribbean, the second democracy in the western hemisphere, and the first black republic in the world. As we look at the pros we see Haiti was the first revolution that was successfully done by slaves. In that day and age, it would’ve been very risky and dangerous to attempt such an ordeal when you had no control over your life, liberty and freedom.
One more well-known peaceful protest in the era was the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955, led by Martin Luther King Jr., to help advance African American rights in the U.S. This protest started after Rosa Parks was arrested after refusing to give up her seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama. Rosa Parks was peacefully protesting, as she was given the right to do from the Bill of Rights. This protest is just one of many examples that shows that civil disobedience is beneficial to society, because African Americans eventually got equal rights after more peaceful protests such as sit-ins at diners. Martin Luther King Jr. remains a famous historical figure because of his success with nonviolent protests.
However, Haiti was an entirely unexpected circumstance. Haiti was a province of France and was misused for its monetary purposes and as a noteworthy market slave exchange. Consequently, it was under a remote control that had no goal of giving rights or freedom to the slaves. So, when France began writing its Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, it started many minor slave rebellions, eventually causing
L’Ouverture hoped to gain full independence and liberation of slaves on the entire island of Haiti. However, France had no intention of letting Haiti go free. When Napoleon Bonaparte sent troops to reclaim Haiti for France, he failed because his troops died from yellow fever. As a result, the independent nation of Haiti was born. The outcome of the Haitian Revolution was in favor of the slaves on the island because they gained their freedom from the French and Spanish.
During the Haitian Revolution through August 21, 1791, to January 1, 1804, slaves were imported from Africa and oppressed by the white, French population. The slaves were outraged at the mistreatment and decided to revolt against their masters. There were many causes that started the revolution, such as social, economic, and political inequality between the white French and everyone else. The revolution itself also had an important legacy that inspired hope for the future of those oppressed as well as more negatively, death and tragedy. The Haitian Revolution was caused by oppressive slavery and discrimination against all but the French elite and led to the death of French and Haitians alike, the French’s expulsion from the island, and the spread of hope and freedom to other oppressed people all over the world.
At Saturday, April 20, 1793, many of the slaves revolted in order to gain freedom. The passage states ”hundreds of enslaved blacks revolted in the area surrounding the village of Trois- Rivières, Guadeloupe… they were quiet, orderly and unaggressive… the soldiers schedule scrot the enslaved into basse-terre where they would be placed into custody.” ( Insurrection and the Language of rights) This is an example of why the slaves wanted a social change as Toussaint Louverture believed that the blacks were not treated the way they should be.
¥ The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804), alluded frequently as "a world-authentic procedure in its own privilege," was a slave revolt that occurred in what was then the French state of Saint-Domingue. It finished with the disposal of subjugation and the establishing of the Republic of Haiti. The Haitian Revolution is comprehensively known as the main slave uprising that prompted the establishing of an American state free from subjection and ruled by non-whites and previous captives. With the expanding number of ¥ Haitian Revolutionary Studies in the most recent couple of decades, it has turned out to be clear that the occasion was a vital turning point in the histories of the Atlantic World. The legacy of the Revolution was that it tested long-held
When Rosa Park decided to not let her seat to a white in a public bus, she started what was later known as the Montgomery Bus Boycott in Alabama, during the boycott Afro-American deiced to walk instead of using the public transportation. Almost 60% of the money earned by the bus company came from Afro-Americans, Park stated that she was “tired of giving in” and later became known as an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. The Greensboro sit-ins was an even more remarkable event when four student decided to sit on a ‘whites only’ counter at the local Woolworth drug store, they remained there, without service, until the store closed, for the following six day more student followed them in this non-violent strategy in different business stores until Woolworth closed its door, later on the students founded the SNCC. In May 1961, “Freedom writer” with the racially integrated Congress of Racial Equality boarded buses and braved attacks by southern white mobs for daring to desegregate interstate transportation, many white people helped in the proses, there were cases in which white stand and received the attacks of the mobs so the blacks could continue their travel .Most of the pacifist strategies started by Martin Luther King, in August of 1963 the March in Washington in which he followed with more than over 200,000 American gave his famous speech demanding for civil and economic right for Afro-Americans.
A very influential advocate for nonviolent movements was Martin Luther King Jr.. King motivated African Americans in Montgomery to continue the bus boycott for over a year. He also supported Sit-ins, which is where people would sit in a public service facility until they were served properly. College students who9 wanted civil rights engaged in the Sit-ins staged at segregated stores, movie theaters, restaurants, etc.. Even though the students were faced with violence, they remained nonviolent and peaceful, which caught the attention of America. King was also an advocate for peaceful marches to Selma. On March 7, 1965, the march took place into Selma and Americans watched peaceful demonstrators brutally beaten by two hundred state troopers.
Peaceful resistance to laws positively affect a free society. Throughout history, there have been multiple cases of both violent and peaceful protests. However, the peaceful protests are the ones that tend to stick with a society and are the ones that change the society for the better. In April 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a letter about just and unjust laws while he was in Birmingham jail for peacefully protesting. King came to Birmingham because "injustice is here".
Ashley Miller HIST 202B Timothy Paynich 3/7/16 HUMAN Rights How much of history would change if African Americans never went through adversity? Between 1877 (End of Reconstruction) and the 1950’s (Beginning of the Civil Rights Movement) African Americans went through immense hardships. They had to fight numerous times in order to gain their rights and even be counted as “human”. During the Harlem Renaissance many African Americans arose and found ways to create and show what they were going through.
For 381 days, activists coordinated a bus boycott, which placed a severe economic strain on the public transit system and downtown business owners. This was because the majority of people using the buses were colored people rather than whites. These activists chose Martin Luther King Jr. to be their leader and the official spokesperson for this protest. Because of events like the Bus Boycott and the March on Washington, which were non-violent protests, they were able to help bring about such landmark legislations like the
One social movement, that came about during the Jim Crow era in the U.S history, is known as the Montgomery bus boycott, in the 1950 's. An African-American female, Rosa Parks in Alabama, refused to give up her seat to a white person; it resulted in her arrest due to misconduct, and it lead to a social movement of the African American community for the abolition of the bus segregation law. The arrest and the prejudice from law enforcement, brings about the policing relation with the public
The biggest of these movements were his walks and protests in the late 1960s. He among many other African American citizens continued to riot throughout many U.S. cities but he “stressed the importance of nonviolent protests” (Kirk, par. 18.) King realized that violent protests would never solve anything; protesters needed to do so peacefully. If King did not stress the protests being nonviolent, the fight for civil rights would be more dramatic and problematic (Kirk, par.
With thousands attending the first gathering of the MIA, it became clear that there was a growing demand within the black community to enforce their rights as American citizens. Determined to overcome the intimidation, humiliation, and oppression imposed upon them, they realized that working together was what they must use in order to instigate change. The Montgomery Bus Boycott gave rise to many influential individuals such as Martin Luther King Jr. who was a prominent national leader of the civil rights movement. He helped unite the African American community by leading the MIA. As stated in one of his speeches, “There comes a time when people get tired of being trampled over by the iron feet of oppression,” revealing the evolving mindset of the black community that they have the right to equality.