Article Summary The article, The Colour of Poverty: A Study of the Poverty of Ethnic and Immigrant Groups in Canada (Kazempiur & Halli, 2000) sets out to answer the question of how different groups of immigrants are performing economically. Taking into account the ethnic origin, period and age at immigration and immigrant’s geographical location within Canada, the authors are able to examine each group individually and compare them. In publishing this article, the authors clear up the issue of why previous research involving immigrants ' economic performance have had mixed results. Their research shows that to get accurate results one cannot study immigrants as one group.
By analyzing the data from the 1991 Canadian census the authors establish …show more content…
Even when they are living in cities with high poverty rates, the average citizen of that city tends to be better off than people of visible minorities. Western European immigrants tend to have poverty rates lower than the city’s average poverty rate. While alternatively visible minority immigrants tend to have a poverty rate higher than the average poverty rate of the city.
The authors also compared poverty rates of immigrants with their age at when they immigrated to Canada. They found that people who immigrated to Canada when they were 10-19 years old are more likely to be poor than immigrated during earlier or later years of their lives. While the authors suggest that more research needs to be done in this area, they say that it could be due to the struggles young people naturally face during their adolescent years.
Critical Analysis of Journal …show more content…
Breaking down the data shows the contrast between different groups of immigrants and shows that while the average immigrant from a non-visible minority does average economically, immigrants from visible minorities are more likely to struggle. A disadvantage of the authors using only scientific data in their article is the lack of data on certain aspects of immigrants. They discuss that while data shows an interesting trend that people who immigrated at a younger age have higher poverty rates than those who immigrated when they were older there is no scientific research available to explain that phenomena. The article is appropriate to the presented research question because the authors suggest that visible minority groups are poor due to their ethnic origins rather than because they made poor choices in
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Immigrants face a great deal of hardship on coming to America. Many of these immigrants were on uneducated and fell into the trap of Robber Barons. During the Great Migration (1880-1921) about 56% of the immigrants migrated to the United States not knowing what to expect. Therefore, when coming to America many of the defenseless immigrants had to pay a price. “The shipping industry guarantee good profit, but they had to send their children which caused their family to be separated, this was because these immigrants did not have enough money to have them and their children going together” ( Morgan Prezi).
Additionally, economic challenges were prevalent, with limited job opportunities for Chinese immigrants, particularly in professional fields. Discrimination in pay and promotions also hindered Chinese immigrants' ability to achieve economic success. Overall, Chinese immigrants in Canada faced a range of challenges during the 1970s and 1980s, including discrimination, language barriers, cultural differences, and economic obstacles. While some progress has been made in addressing these challenges, they continue to persist for many Chinese immigrants in Canada today. V. Regional differences in immigrant
In the chapter French America the author talks about the French American immigrants and the opportunity the emigrants gain from immigrating to the new land. New France originally consisted of two separate sectors the valley and the interior forest and lakes of the upper country. The French wanted to expand their trade, so they followed the Mississippi river down to the Gulf of Mexico; finding Louisiana. The trade between the French colonist and the Indians was threatened when the imperial officials called for a Canadian retreat, due to the lack of economy. Canadian immigrants were mostly the peasants of France, so when they came over their station in life actually improved.
This includes Canada’s aging population and declining birth rates as well as an increase to acquire more skilled people to help grow the economy. The immigration laws of Canada are intended to be open-minded and friendly to immigrants from all over the world. Canada's dedication to a strong and varied immigration system is likely to persist, even though the precise immigration source nations may shift over time. Some may argue that the large immigrant population has begun to dilute Canadian national identity and ‘crumble’ the sense of shared values and culture. On the other hand, many believe it has induced a diverse and very inclusive society.
“Intersectionality and the Foreign-Born: Explaining the Variation in the Immigration Attitudes of Immigrants” by Justin Berg and Shannon Morley utilizes an intersectional approach in attempt to understand and explain how social factors influence individual’s attitudes of immigrants to the United States. The intersectional approach takes care to analyze factors beyond one’s race by including information on gender and education. The study uses data from the 2006 Pew Research Center’s Immigration Survey, including only the national portion of the survey and questions that all respondents are asked. Berg and Morley look specifically at attitudes of those living in metropolitan areas “because the majority of immigrants live in metropolitan areas.” (Berg, Morley 6)
Canada is the land of diversity. There are people from almost country here it is believed that about one in five women and girls who live in Canada were born in another country. There are a lot of women that migrate to Canada every year. “Immigrant women are often uprooted from their native countries against their will and come to find themselves trapped in abusive relationships without any means of emotional, financial or legal support”. “These women usually have no one to turn to for support other than the aggressor and/or his family.
The negative stereotype that Latinos are indefinitely stuck in poverty is created by the tendency to average the progress of new immigrants to those of older immigrants. “Since Latino immigration continues, averaging together the poverty rates or homeownership levels of large numbers of people who arrived recently with those who have been here for decades can provide a skewed view of progress,” (America’s Assimilating Hispanics). However, longitudinal studies, when properly measured and displayed, show that Latino immigrants are making economic progress. Latino assimilation transcends the realms of politic and economic to touch culture, as English language acquisition shows. Supporters of anti- Latino immigration legislation tend to cite the prevalence of Spanish-speaking communities across the U.S, and even North Carolina, as evidence that Latino immigrants are failing to assimilate.
Immigration has been and will continue to happen all around the world. There are so many reasons for people who come from different countries and ethnicities to move from country to country. The reasons why these people immigrate is either they are simply forced to, due to violence and hostility or that they are in search of a better life for them, and or their family etc. Canada being rated number one in quality of life has been a goal for people wanting to immigrate. The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act ( IRPA) was established by the Canadian government in the year 2002.
The issue of poverty is multifaceted and far too broad to address in this paper, but it is important to understand its connection to social policy like the SSA. According to Chappell (2014), "poverty has no single official or universally accepted definition; every country has a different view of poverty and, even within the same country, people 's views on poverty change over time" (p. 239). Although it is hard to define, poverty is deeply entrenched in the development, implementation, and public response to Ontario 's passing of the SSA in
She surrounds her concerns around the lake of social services and the higher probability of individuals staying in poverty for more than 4 years (Megan 2013 line 19 and 34). However, in the article “Income Equality Not a Problem in Canada” by Jock Finlayson in the Vancouver Sun (Jock 2014), shares his view of how young Canadian born citizens are better off than the American. He states that Canadian youth are more likely to complete post secondary education and move to a higher income classes (Jock 2014 line 55). His perspective provides a conflicting ideology to Megan’s article on how the child poverty poses significant threat to society.
A wealthy family has no worries in having a fancy house, good quality clothes and items, a high paying job, higher education, and money. What makes immigrant families and wealthy families bedifferent from each other is there financial standing and education. Therefore, the advantages the wealthy families have been mention from there no worries and including that they have financial freedom to travel, to spend, and to invest. Certainly, in an article named “America’s wealth gap between middle-income and upper-income families is widest on record” written by Richard Fry mention that the wealthiest families “have a median net worth that is nearly 70 times that of the country’s lower-income families” (1). In fact, they are living the life more than immigrant families however they do have disadvantages as a wealthy family.
The improvement of the rights of the Canadian Immigrants Canada, as one of the biggest immigration countries, welcomes people from all over the the world and forms a representative multicultural atmosphere in today’s society. Over these few decays, the country has always been consummating the laws to provide immigrants equal rights and freedoms, and better treatments they could receive. However, Canadian immigration laws were not unprejudiced and it eventually caused a “legal discrimination” before 1976. The legal rights of the immigrant groups have improved significantly because of the demands of developing the country, the influences of the wars, and the globalization of the world. Since 1880s, more immigrants and foreigners came to Canada because of the railway construction project.
Power is one aspect of social work practice that needs to be considered in reflecting on any situation or action. Reflection focused on anti-oppressive practice is concerned with the social worker’s understanding of the institutions of power and his or her understanding of power, and his or her understanding of identity as being constructed within a society that creates interlocking oppressions. Power is seen as ‘a social relation that may open up or close off opportunities for individuals or social groups’ (Tew,2002: 165) where ‘opportunity’ may involve anything from accessing resources and social or economic participation, through to developing personal identities and capabilities, expressing needs, and feelings and renegotiating. Power Dimensions below are relevant to our case. Ethnicity (Cultural deficitism), There is a common view that prevails that 'immigrants’ try to adhere to cultural patterns and beliefs which are