Over the last two decades, numerous studies have shown that Aboriginal people in Canada face a substantial earnings gap in comparison to the non-Aboriginal population. Although some of these studies offer slightly different estimates of the wage differential due to different definitions of the Aboriginal population, they all consistently find that there is a positive relationship between the size of the earnings gap and the “degree of Aboriginal identification” (DeSilva, 1999). For men, there is a gap of 50.0% and for women, 34.2% (Lamb, 2013). A large portion of the differential can be explained by the fact that Aboriginal people have lower quality of characteristics that are associated with higher pay. However, most of these characteristics,
Philippines and Canada are two different economic spectrum. The former has historically struggled with poverty from the period of colonization to today’s rapid globalization with poverty incidence of 21.6% as of 2014 (PSA, 2016). Canada, on the other hand, has 9.7% rate of low income but majority of those are transitory. From 2005-2010, only 1.5% are considered in persistent low income (Statistics Canada, 2015 as cited by Lamman, & McIntyre, 2016). Beyond these numbers, there remains a grim reality that faced citizens within the poverty thresholds from both nations.
(2003) Change in political era and demographic weight as explanations of youth ‘disenfranchisement’ in federal elections in Canada, 1965-2000, Journal of Youth Studies, 6:3, 247-264 To better understand the current problem of declining voter turnout among Canadian youth, this paper examines trends in turnout rates of Canadians within different age demographics in federal elections between 1965 and 2000. Through the use of the Canadian Election Study (CES) and analysis of literature, it discusses the role of political era and demographic change in shaping trends in youth voter turnout. This study concludes that the reduction in support for Canadian youth and the shift in demographic weight resulted in the estrangement of Canadian youth in politics. This study provides access to extensive research and data on the role of the political era and demographic weight in shaping political platforms. The example of Trudeau’s shifting electoral campaigns during the Trudeau era provides an explanation for the eventual marginalization and alienation of youth in Canada, highlighting the effects of shifts in demographic
The second reason they make, the recent recession having, in most part, significantly negatively affected black families, while benefiting white families to a small degree. Another reason that correlates to the wealth gap Hamilton and Darity claim is the fact that black families are less likely to receive mortgages for purchasing homes, even in cases where black families make significantly more than lower income white families. Now to resolve this Hamilton and Darity say that the public sector must intervene and offer support to black
In present day canada, many foreigners come from far and wide, whilst leaving their families behind in hopes of a better life for them and their children to come. Believing Canada is a land of opportunity, however was Canada always considered “the highway to a better life”?In the late 18 hundreds, Canada did not provide equal opportunities for all.People of different races, genders, and classes faced mass extents of discrimination. People with money were people with power, in repercussion for the industrialization of the late 18 century and the invention of the steam engine, the poor got poorer and and the rich richer, whilst creating a considerable wage gap. Finally the Canadian government treated people that were not of their ideal image
The reason immigration helps give Canada the identity it has today is because if Canada didn 't accept immigrants it would be less diverse and more un-inclusive. In approximately a few decades we could be suffering from a negative population growth, this is happening because our population is aging and birth
-However: Studies have shown that despite of their low income levels Mexicans immigrants hardly ever utilize welfare services. Although they might extensively use medical services because of their low income households and avoid getting medical help which ultimately leads to progressed and worst conditions, they actually pay a substantial portion of the services out of pocket. They pay 25 billion in taxes and gain no benefit (Leighton Ku article 33). • Paragraph 5: Some Americans citizens do not accept illegal immigration because they argue that Mexicans are criminals. -However: A range of studies show there is no evidence immigrants commit more crimes than native-born Americans.
However, when comparing Aboriginal adults and non-Aboriginal adults with the same education and employment characteristics, the incarceration rates among Aboriginal adults were 3.3 to 5.1 times higher. In short, these socio- economic characteristics reduced the difference in incarceration rates of adults aged 20 to 34 by half in Alberta. A similar pattern occurs in Saskatchewan (Table 7). Still, even when comparing persons with the same characteristics, incarceration rates for Aboriginal young adults remain higher than those of their non-Aboriginal counterparts.” (statcan, 2015) Many structures have been put in place by the government, in order to find a strategy to fight racism in Number of institution inside the country such as: Government agencies that give hiring opportunities to visible minorities, the police force is recruiting to have a better representation of the Canadian population. Courses like sociology help to understand the interaction between the different
Although Canada had seen increased poverty rates and a heavier reliance on casual workers, the erosion of income security programs and changes to unemployment insurance were occurring (Esmonde, 2002). The provincial government led by Premier Mike Harris of the Progressive Conservative Party Ontario utilized a neoliberal approach to social welfare policy when cutting welfare benefits by 21.6% in 1995 (Esmonde, 2002; O 'Grady et al., 2011). Squeegeeing in Toronto emerged during this time (Esmonde,
The American public school system is arguably weak when compared to other countries, but it still functions to educate the public. The issue of inequality arises when it comes to higher education and who has access to it. Due to higher education costing anywhere from tens to hundreds of thousands of dollars in the United States, it is easy to see why there is an unequal level of access to higher education. Some might argue that higher education is not necessary and that the poor can find a living without it. This is not only restricting the poor to the lower class, but is simply not true.
“Over the last decade, Canada has been a diminishing actor in foreign aid, with spending falling to $4.2 billion in 2014, down from $5.6 billion two years earlier, ” states Jim Coyle, a valid journalist from the Toronto Star. Canada scored in the bottom half of the rankings in a global survey of foreign aid spending that has been released recently. Now that we have switched to a liberal government, they stated that they would restore Canada’s status as an “engaged player on the world’s stage” meaning that we would have to increase our aid spending. Secondly, our aid budget is
For example, Native life expectancy is lower; they have fewer high school graduates and higher unemployment, they have lower incomes, enjoy fewer promotions in the workplace and remain, as a group, the poorest in Canada. The Nisga 'a Treaty was the start of negotiations between Aboriginals and The Canadian government in the 20’th Century, in hope for more rights and representation. I believe despite many current measures being taken for First Nations people, Canada has not done enough for those who originally resided on our sacred land. On Canada’s 150 Birthday, I posed a very important question to the general public, attending the celebrations in Victoria. Has Canada Done Enough for First Nation’s People?