This contextual project work is consisting of 10 concepts from the module entitled ‘’ Research and Nursing Research’’ block 3. Each one of the concepts will be described in terms of its meaning, will be critically analyzed for its real life application and will be followed by some reference of the current research evidence. Real life application will explore a possible relationship of the concept with personal, social or professional life.
Process; the strengths and weaknesses of quantitative and qualitative approaches to research has been debated. As said above there has been a consistent view put forward that qualitative methods are in the bigger favour best suited to feminist research
This essay’s aims are to evaluate the contribution of a qualitative approach to friendship. I will discuss how different approaches studying friendship have been developed and how the findings influenced our understanding of friendships. Also, my focus will be on the benefits of quantitative and qualitative approaches and the limits of using qualitative methods for understanding friendship. In this paper, I will focus on two major
According to Miller (2010) quantitative findings formulate generalizations that bring forth universal laws based on data from samples that represent certain populations. Qualitative findings, on the contrary, do not generalize by applying findings from a sample group and applying it to entire populations. Instead qualitative studies provide information about real life human experiences to audiences who can then apply these findings in their everyday life. For example nurses can apply findings from qualitative studies to improve their nursing practice.
Symbolic Interpretivists’ epistemology is interpretivism (Cohen D & Crabtree B 2006), where they believed that truth is corresponding to time and place and the individuals who are involved in the process of constructing meaning for it. For example, organisations will only be ‘meaningful’ as they are being constructed or reconstructed by their employees through meaningful interaction with one another. In short, truth is discovered by what is being exposed through own feelings, thoughts and by allowing oneself to be shaped by context.
Quantitative investigations are scientific, objective, and effective in describing phenomena in terms of magnitude (Balian, 1988). Quantitative investigations use numeric values and statistics to identify patterns, to objectively quantify relationships between variables, and to make predictions. In addition, because large sample sizes are used, data can be generalized to larger populations. However, numeric values are ineffective in describing the subjective interpretations of human emotions (Wakefield, 1995). Because individuals have unique lived experiences and their realities are based on their own perceptions, a single objective truth is unattainable; indeed,
This does not exclude a quantitative approach being associated with a post-positivist approach. In contrast, for a researcher who favors interpretive, knowledge is a matter of interpretation (Schutt, 2009) so that the quest for understanding the complex world of lived experience demands that the researcher interact with the research objects/participants to get the viewpoint. The investigator favored a post-positivist approach since he believes that human knowledge can be challenged and modified in light of further investigation. Following is a description of the methodology that was followed for this
A qualitative study focuses on natural settings that are associated in everyday life. Typically, qualitative researchers often do their study on smaller sample sizes as they are not looking to establish a statistical generalization in their findings. Qualitative research does not involve statistical measures or quantity of any kind, instead it is the study that involves lived human experiences. A lived human experience can be interpreted as gaining personal knowledge in everyday life by living through something or being involved in life events. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and critique the study if R.C. Stenhouse and his attempt to understand patient experiences in a acute psychiatric ward
236). Qualitative methods especially one that is based on grounded theories give the researcher the flexibility of maneuvering research frameworks in which new theories are discovered. Using quantitative methods for this study will be difficult because it does not involve much numeric figures rather deals with phenomenon. However, there are some disadvantages associated with qualitative methods such as the inability of the researcher to control the influence of bias and rigidity. Also, qualitative research often is expensive to conduct and requires experience especially in transcribing and coding
Qualitative research is a form of research in which the researcher collects and interprets data, meaning the researcher is as important in the research process as the participants and the data they provide. Reason and Rowan (2004) have argued that the core element of a qualitative research approach is to connect meanings to the experiences of respondents and their lives. According to Clissett (2008) qualitative research involves a variety of research methods that can be used to explore human experience, perceptions, motivations and behaviours. Qualitative research is characterised by collection and analysis of words in the form of speech or writing. Qualitative research therefore aims
The research article, “ Perceptions of patient-provider communication in breast and cervical cancer-related care: A qualitative study of low-income English and Spanish- speaking women. The article is qualitative study because its aim is to explore perceptions of Spanish-speakers who experience a experience a combination of patient-provider language concordance and discordance through the care continuum. It uses direct quotations of the participants to explain its findings. Melissa Simon, Daiva Ragas, Narissa Nonzee, Ava Phisuthikul , Thanh Luu, XinQi Dong, who are the authors of article, collected and analyzed the data. Therefore, which makes it a primary sources. This paper will summarize the article; analyze
Absolutists believe what is “right” is always right and what is “wrong” is always wrong; however, relativists accept that what is right or wrong is considered right or wrong depending on the individuals, groups, societies or cultures. Based on relativism’s view, “those acts approved of by society are good; those that are socially frowned on being bad” (Shafer-Landau, 2010, p. 183). They think we should not judge a society that favors the raping of young girls or women. If such action is socially approved in that particular society, it is a good thing (Shafer-Landau, 2010, p. 183). Even if a widely supported norm will be catastrophic to a society, it is the appropriate thing to do if it is socially accepted. For instance, if a military troop
The term Research Methodology refers to a set of procedures, methods & techniques that are put together by the researchers to obtain a solution to the problems they confront during the collection of data. The researchers look for the most crucial data which is inevitable for the research. Generally there are three kinds of approaches or research methods namely Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed. These methods are used to gather data and resolve issues that emerge during the process of data gathering. The researcher can bring forward his findings either in the form of quantitative or qualitative or mixed research methodologies only when the data is collected based on the preliminary data gathering process and the secondary data gathering process.
The Interpretive model is associated with two 19th and early 20th thinkers or theorist Wihelm Dilthey (1833-1911), Edmund Husserl (1859-1938) and Maximilian Weber (1864-1920). Interpretivism paradigm also known as anti-positivist paradigm because established as a response or critique of positivism tradition and post-positivism. The Constructivism/ Interpretivism paradigm ideas drawn from hermeneutics and Phenomology. The development of Interpretivism tradition can be traced in the 1920s to 1930s in schools of Chicago. Interpretivism focuses on understanding on how the human beings relate socially. The aim of interpretivism is to formulate best comprehension on how people view or categorizes their own world (Bertram& Christiansen, 2014:
This quantitative method utilised an objectivist epistemology with a post-positivist theoretical perspective. Objectivism claims that meaning is discovered, based on observed events, rather than being constructed or imposed