The urinary bladder is a sac-like hollow organ that is used for the storage of urine. Urine slowly fills up the bladder and stretches its elastic walls and can hold 600 to 800 milliliters of urine. The urethra is the tube that transports urine from the bladder to the exterior of the body. There are two muscles in the urethra that control the flow of the urine. They are the internal sphincter which when open results in the sensation of needing to urinate and the external urethral sphincter a skeletal muscle that will allow urine to pass through or delay urination.
LIVER ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY The liver is located in the region of the right upper quadrant of the abdomen (usually does not exceed the limit of the costal margin), filling the space of the diaphragmatic dome, where it can reach up to the fifth rib, and is related to the heart through the center phrenic, to the left of the inferior vena cava. It is usually soft and palpable, and is covered by a fibrous capsule. This fibrous capsule applies peritoneum mainsail liver surface (except liver bare area). Is divided into four lobes macroscopically: 1. Right lobe, the most voluminous.
Third, balance water and mineral intake and or control the secretion of water and minerals such as sodium, calcium, potassium, and chloride. Fourth, as the excretion of waste products of the ingredients, such as urea, uric acid, sulfate, and creatinin. In the medical world, there are two kinds of kidney failure, i.e., acute and chronic.
Deep to the capsule is a network of reticular fibres and fibroblasts which, with the capsule and trabeculae, make up the stroma. Lymph flow through the node is one-way, entering through several afferent vessels on the convex side of the node’s ‘bean shape’ which contain valves opening toward the node’s centre, directing lymph into the node. Lymph then flows through three sinuses, irregular channels containing branching reticular fibres, lymphocytes, and macrophages, first the subcapsular sinus, immediately beneath the capsule, then the trabecular sinuses extending through the cortex parallel to the trabeculae, and then into the medullary sinuses. All sinuses filter the
The lymphatic system is the system of the bodyâ€™s tissues which are permeated by a network of capillaries which contain blood. Apart from leukocytes these sometimes leave the capillaries through fine walls which mean that the blood does not come into direct contact with the tissues and the fluid in which it is bathed is known as the tissue fluid. This means that from the tissue spaces the tissue fluid passes into the narrow vessels which are known as lymphatic vessels. This then unites to form channels that then rejoin the general circulation. This means that the name lymph is given to the tissue fluid when it enters the lymphatic vessels.
Brochure information Anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular system Cardiovascular System According to (smith.A2013). The cardiovascular system includes the heart, blood vessels and also blood. Its role is to deliver nutrients and takes away any by-products from a person’s body. The cardiovascular system is the heart and it is a four-chambered pump that carries blood to the arteries these arteries then carries out clean and oxygenated blood to the tissue. The blood Definition According to (dictionary.com 2002).
INTRODUCTION: Voiding dysfunction is complication of urinary system. It is problem in bladder muscle and urethra. There are two types of urinary problem are retention and incontinence. In my SDL, I will talk about signs, symptoms, causes, and treatment of urinary incontinence and retention. Also identify the differentiate types of urinary incontinence.
Each kidney contains about one million nephrons, each capable of forming urine separately. The kidneys of healthy adult can handle up to 1200ml/minute of blood flow 1,2. Diuretics are widely used for treatment of edematous conditions resulting from various causes such as nephrotic
The semilunar valves (aortic and pulmonary valve) are cup shaped and are found at the opening of the arteries. The human heart normally beats between 60 and 80 times a minute at rest. This can increase to well over 100 times a minute during exercise. Blood that has circulated through your body that has had most of its oxygen and nutrients removed, enters the heart from the body via the systemic canal veins into the right atrium. When the Atrium contracts, it pumps the blood through the tricuspid valve to the right ventricle.
Chylomicrons are the largest size and lowest density lipoproteins and and contain the uppermost percentage of lipid and the lowest percentage of protein (figure1-14). In the bloodstream, chylomicrons acquire apoC-II and apoE from plasma HDLs . The major sites for removal of chylomicrons are the muscle and liver. where they are metabolized further  as shown in. figure(1-15) Figure (1-14 ) chylomicron structure