Lastly, public policy is also an important framework which guides as well as empowers local governments such as Panchayats and Municipal Corporations. On the other hand, policy is an indispensable tool for the citizens who are being governed. In essence, public policy shows the citizens what the Government’s short term and long term plans are. Public policy provides a know-how of the activities and decisions being taken by the Government, to the citizens and therefore giving them something to critique and compare different Governments. The significance of public policy for the governed is evident from the fact that today’s youth plays a greater than ever role in elections with public policy being the primary driver of most
She shows that language ideology is a delicate topic, on which it is not always evident to agree upon. Gal explicates four concerns which language ideology faces. These are the matters of scale, the “semiotics of dominance”, linguistic ideologies and other conceptual systems, and representations of sociolinguistic difference
The Aim on Language Learning Strategies This study exposed language learning strategy use of English learners, looked at the relation between second language proficiency and language learning strategy, and estimated any differences in strategy use by gender. So important is the role of strategy use in learning a second language that some theorists have included it in their models of second language learning (e.g. McLaughlin 1987; MacIntyre 1994) (Goh 1997). 2.3. Classification of Learning Strategies Number of literatures defined language learning strategies as strategies that language learners build in order to cause the development of the language system which affect learning process shortly (e.g., Rubin, 1987; Stern, 1975; Wenden, 1987).
Seeing as language is a way of one expressing itself we can connect language to identity. As in order for one to demonstrate itself we have to be able to express our feelings and emotions and we do so through communication. Some characteristics of language is that it's dynamic, meaning that it changes constantly for example, the English people speak now is not the same English that people used to speak hundreds of years before. Language changes and modernizes itself in order to evolve and has many variations through dialects. Different language communities have certain ways of talking that will set them apart from others and those differences are known as dialects.
Language teaching is determined by factors such as society, education, instruction and individuals. These factors outline the policies, and goals that have been determined for foreign languages at the national level; the delivery system in terms of objectives to reach these goals; syllabuses and teaching procedures; and the learning outcomes. These factors include the role of English in the society, therefore the need of individuals to learn English to function well academically speaking, to function well in real life situations or in occupational settings. Being aware of this need, the government needs to develop the type of curriculum and syllabus; establish the amount of time devoted to English instructions; the materials to be used; and
We cannot let the language we speak change our thinking and perspective towards others. Letting language change us has resulted in a quite evident decrease in the politeness and respect towards each other. It is necessary that today’s generation understand that humility and respect for others are values that should be a permanent part of ourselves and that language should not be able to change it as language even though powerful, is simply a means of
Language is interconnected with a country 's national self-image and the image to be showed to the world. According to Carroll, language policy includes all kind of contribution by government including the language education and raising the
What is the role of written language in knowledge? “The word is half his that speaks, and half his that hears it” (Michel de Montaigne, 1923-2006). Our understanding of the world depends to a large extent on the language with which we use to interact with it, therefore language making language play a big role in knowledge. However, the question of whether language has an equal role in the different areas of knowledge depends heavily on its level of contribution toward the understanding, practice, and development of that specific area of knowledge. In the four areas of knowledge - science, math, history, and art - language is a medium by which theories are created and communicated.
The foreign policy of any country is formed and implemented by the policy makers at the domestic level. In the making of foreign policy, the national interest of the state is given top priority both at the domestic and international level. The national interest every state diverge from the other countries and in the international power equation. The given below factors are vital in foreign Policy. Size of State The size of a state is the significant element in the foreign policy.
The concept 'policy' is often used in everyday discourse, whether in private or public sector. Obi, Nwachukwu & Obiora (2008: 2) while referring to Conventry & Baker (1985), defined policy as the guidelines laid down in general or specific terms to make a company or other organizations to reach the long range of targets set by the objectives. In the same vein, Obikeze & Obi (2004:87), see policy as the guiding principle towards the realization of organizational objectives. On his part, Anderson (2005), conceived policy as a principle or protocol to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes. It is a statement of intent, and it is implemented as a procedure or protocol.