Task 4 In-club to produce an empirical and highly practical research , the research worker must use a combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches; the researcher must consider which of the diverse methods used in research are most appropriate for the probe and answering of the head . The option of methods and the way in which they are implemented will largely be determined by the research question , but will also be influenced by practical consideration, such as material handiness . Research may involve either empirical data (“fact” identified within a pre specified conceptual view) or conceptual data. Empirical inquiry is often adding up answer to describe situation or to test theory . Conceptual research is often development and arranging conceptual understandings The composite nature of the project can sometimes make it difficult for all aspects of a research question to be answered by a single method acting .
Conversely, Crotty (1998) posited that qualitative approach to research accentuates on systematic protocols and methods, where subjective parameters of the researcher are crafted into the fact findings and its concluding part. Responses were scripted and effectively made use of in order to map out formidable mechanisms to address the issues mentioned earlier as regards the specific objectives in consonance with the research questions. Five-Point Likert’s scale was employed to develop the questionnaire in order to allow respondents to fish out the disparities in the responses vis-à-vis ensuring they had a myriad of options. The Likert scale was chosen because it has been successfully utilized in similar studies within the
Research Design This study will use a qualitative, descriptive research methodology. Qualitative research can be defined as an overarching concept of several forms of research which help to illuminate and explain the meaning of phenomenon in social settings (Merriam, 1998). The data collection methodologies included in qualitative research are observations, interviews, and analysis of written documents and artifacts (Patton, 2002). The interview using the guide questions will allow for greater analysis of individual depth and detail. The case study method is the preferred choice of methodology given that it allows the researcher to explore additional avenues of information that may arise in the case study of the participating higher education institution (HEI).
This does not exclude a quantitative approach being associated with a post-positivist approach. In contrast, for a researcher who favors interpretive, knowledge is a matter of interpretation (Schutt, 2009) so that the quest for understanding the complex world of lived experience demands that the researcher interact with the research objects/participants to get the viewpoint. The investigator favored a post-positivist approach since he believes that human knowledge can be challenged and modified in light of further investigation. Following is a description of the methodology that was followed for this
Explain the problem of “paradigmatic incommensurability” in the philosophy of science and demonstrate, using at least 3 examples, how to attain commensurability in a scientific research project. INTRODUCTION Learning about research within a social science context is treated with more rigor that than of commercial research since there is the foundation lies on a philosophical role. The two main paradigms that used namely that of positivism and interpretivism (seen in some readings as constructivism) outline the two perspectives that researchers use as models to guide the interpretation of research projects. This essay treats with the issue of paradigmatic commensurability which outlines the use of the paradigm approach to research and guides
Delimitations factors includes the choices of objective ,research questions , perspective that you adopted, variables of interests and population you choose to investigate. The problem of choice that one chooses is the first delimitation itself. This means you had other related problems that you could have chosen but decide to screen them off and took one from many. PERSONAL ASPECT Delimitations as one the concepts in research are of vital purpose. It guides you so that you don’t derail from what you intend to do it explains or defines on why you carrying on such a study so that one does not lose track of its purpose.
Science is applied and used to address a specific problem in many ways. One way is the scientific method when it applied to cloning problems. The scientific method starts with your purpose and ends at the conclusion. In between are the hypothesis, experiment, and then analyze. They all help in building the conclusion.
For this research, Quantitative study was used as it involved deduction. Hypotheses was formulated; the dependent and independent variables were identified which assisted in measurements of objectives. Data was collected by using close-ended questionnaires. 5.1 Research paradigm According to the requirements of research question, it was decided that it would be appropriate to choose the positivism approach as the philosophical assumption and research paradigm for the study. Besides this, the quantitative approach was used during this research.
Overview of Qualitative Research Qualitative Research is mainly about exploratory research. It is used to gain an in-depth understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. Qualitative research is also used to discover the patterns of thought and opinions, and explore deeper into the problem. Qualitative data collection methods are vary using unstructured or semi-structured techniques. Some common methods include focus group, individual interviews, and participation/observations.