This chapter presents the methodology employed to collect data and achieve the objective of the study. The major components of the methodology are the profile of the study area, research design, research population, sampling method, research instruments and methods for collection and analysis of data. 3.1 Research design Research can also be classified as exploratory, descriptive or explanatory (Stangor, 2007). A research design constitutes the blueprint for fulfilling research and answering questions. It includes an outline of what the researcher will do from writing research questions and their operational implication to the final data analysis.
Chapter 3 Methodology Research Design Different types of research design are selected according to the needs of the research. In this specific study, research used to intend mixed research design because this study is depending upon both quantitative and qualitative data. The means of data collection will be gathered through primary and secondary sources. Research Approach To conduct a research, it is necessary to determine what approach is being implemented as typically scientific investigation involves alternating among induction and deduction. Research approaches are based on the procedures and plans of research that extent the assumptions to detailed methods of interpretation, data collection and analysis.
Besides, it determines the methods of data collection and analysis. The findings of quantitative research are presented in statistical language. Quantitative approach to research involves data collection methods such as structured questionnaire, interviews, and observations together with other tools such as experiment, content analysis and survey. On the other hand, in depth interviews and unstructured observations are associated with qualitative research. Researches have to choose methods which are appropriate for answering their questions.
“Analysis of data is as important as any other component of the research process” says Guy (1976). To provide interpretable results, the data gathered must be organized and examined carefully. The planning of the research must include definite direction for the treatment of the data, since much of the success of data analysis tests on the ability in the choice of appropriate method for the analysis. This chapter deals with the statistical analysis of the data with reference to the hypotheses. Interpretation are also made to account for the results.
3.1 Introduction In this chapter the coverage is on the research design and methodology, including sampling, population, establishing rigour during and after data collection, ethical considerations and data analysis. 3.2 Research Strategy This study used quantitative research strategy. According to Newman, quantitative research goes from reviewing and defining directly to developing hypotheses and collecting data. In quantitative analysis, this is called the derivation of hypotheses. “The researcher examines the literature and, based upon this process, he or she derives theoretical expectations, which become the derived hypotheses (Newman, Ridenour, & Ridenour, 1998).
• Project can be used to generalize concepts more widely, predict future results, or investigate causal relationships. • The overarching aim of a quantitative research study is to classify features, count them, and construct statistical models in an attempt to explain what is observed. METHODOLOGY OF QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH The overall structure for a quantitative design is based in the scientific method. It basically uses deductive reasoning, where the researcher is to form a hypothesis, collect the data in an investigation of the problem, and then to use the data from the investigation, after analysis is made and conclusions are shared, to prove the hypotheses to be not false or false. Thus the basic procedure of a quantitative design is: 1.
Delimitations factors includes the choices of objective ,research questions , perspective that you adopted, variables of interests and population you choose to investigate. The problem of choice that one chooses is the first delimitation itself. This means you had other related problems that you could have chosen but decide to screen them off and took one from many. PERSONAL ASPECT Delimitations as one the concepts in research are of vital purpose. It guides you so that you don’t derail from what you intend to do it explains or defines on why you carrying on such a study so that one does not lose track of its purpose.
CHAPTER III RESEARCH METHOLODOGY This chapter outlines philosophical and methodological techniques employed in this empirical study. It includes the ontological, epistemological and methodological standpoints the researcher adopted to carry out this research. The researcher briefly discusses and presents research design, study population and area, the procedure of selecting the sample size, research instruments, data collection, quality control and analysis of data. Philosophical underpinning of the study The researcher will adapt post positivism, a modified social science paradigm as a philosophical stand point for this research. This philosophy will guide the researcher to the belief that the knowledge in question exists in this
To explain some phenomenon is to give an account of why it behaves in a particular way or why particular regularities occur. Detailed description can provide the beginnings of the explanation. Explanatory research can be qualitative and quantitative research. Normally in quantitative research, hypothetic-deductive theories come out from this type of research design, (Norman Blaikie,
Two different research methods are there which includes qualitative and quantitative in order to analyse the aim and objectives of the research study. Qualitative research method makes use of exploratory research by understanding the opinions, reasons and motivations related to the study. It involves creation of idea based on which quantitative research is conducted. This research method makes use of content and previous researches in order to elaborate the context of the topic. While on the other hand, quantitative research method makes use of statistical data in order to evaluate the problem.