“Government of Africans, by Africans for Africans.” Even though the ANC and the PAC were banned in 1960, African nationalism did not collapse. The Black Consciousness Movement, which developed in the late 1960’s, led by Steve Biko, continued to promote pride in the Black identity through culture, history and language. After the South African War (1899-1912) and the formation of the Union of South Africa in 1910, many Afrikaners resented the English heritage and links to the British and so there was a call for Afrikaner Nationalism. The Afrikaners, led by JBM Hertzog, formed the National Party in 1914. They wanted to promote white Afrikaner interest and have a greater say in their country.
From being an Anglican priest, Tutu became general secretary of the South African council of Churches and then rose to become the first black Archbishop of Cape Town. He was a true leader and is well known for his strong stance in the antiapartheid movement. Tutu was able to grow the world’s consciousness about apartheid during his travels and speeches and was able to convince them to help change the way South Africa was run. He believed in nonviolence in a very violent time in South Africa. Tutu was an advocate
MLK was so fascinated by Gandhi’s non-violent movements that he started the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955. This later became one of the most famous and important boycott in America. MLK also visited India in 1959 to know where about Gandhi’s movements like the salt march. He said Gandhi’s approach of nonviolent resistance would “bring about a solution to the race problem in America”. Another well renowned of his followers was Nelson Mandela.
He negotiated with the 1914 African government to remove restrictions on all the deserving Indians (nagel,35). He also made law practices in his career. He set up laws in Bombay with no success, but got an offer to work in South Africa (williams,online). He accepted the position and went down to South Africa
Tshinakaho Masia Historical Investigation on King Makhado a) A summary of evidence Title: King Makhado: King Makhados triumphant battle against invaders What were the challenges that King Makhado faced? 1) Constructing a collective memory: monuments commemorating warrior kings in limpopo province South Africa- by Mahunele Thotse December 2014 repository.up.co.za This thesis is a neutral point of view on King Makhado. It explains the life of King Makhado and the battles that he fought to preserve his land heritage and authority. It also tells us about the invaders who were the voortrekkers and how they occupied some territories under Makhado. This thesis is of value because it gives a good picture of how and why King Makhado was regarded as a King who led and protected his people as he fulfilled his responsibilities because he protected his people and his territories.
In Eulogy for Mahatma Gandhi the author explains how Mahatma Gandhi made such a big impact on many lives. The author describes how Mahatma Gandhi went on hunger strikes to try to help other people. You can really tell the author respect his subject because in the passage he/she said ¨Let us be worthy of him¨. Mahatma Gandhi was non-violent. Mahatma Gandhi also went to jail for the commotion and rebellions he started.
King aimed to achieve the equality between the black and white people, black people had the chance in everything as the white people, such as: education and job, also the black people had the chance to vote. QUOTATION While Gandhi aimed to independent his country from the Britain colonial. The last effect is the method of activism. Gandhi was the first who used the non-violence activism and had success in using it, although King was inspired by Gandhi’s activism and he applied it in his struggles. To sum up the three differences of the effects of King and Gandhi are: the struggles of Gandhi were for his own country, but the struggles of King was for the whole world who suffered from the elemental discrimination, their efforts, and the way of the
Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Junior was a Christian American Baptist bishop and a human rights activist who championed for American African civil rights. Most of his work was centered on non-violent civil disobedience. He is also known for his “I have a dream” speech where he spoke against segregation based on the color, race, and culture. He won a Nobel Prize for his contribution to human equality. Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated as he planned for occupation of the Washington DC.
Finally, the paper will conclude by discussing if the leader would be as effective in another activity. An admirable leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi), the prominent leader of the Indian Independence against the rule of British rule in India, was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar of India. His father was the chief minister of the western India. He got married at the age of thirteen to a merchant’s daughter. He them travelled to London for studying law and then practiced as an expatriate Indian lawyer at South Africa for some years.
As the lead counsel for the defendants in the Rivonia Trial, Bram set the foundation for today’s lawyers by challenging the Positivist approach of law that justified the system of Apartheid. Despite his imprisonment for his participation in the Rivonia Trial, Bram knew what he had done was right, and he stated this in his trial in 1966. Bram is today remembered through the annual Bram Fischer Memorial Lectures. In Johannesburg, Hendrik Verwoerd Drive had been changed to Bram Fischer Drive and Bloemfontein International Airport has become Bram Fischer International. This is the story of Bram Fischer.