It has been stated that by the year 2020, a large group of students attending public school will be diverse children (Holcomb-McCoy, 2004). Which is why the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) urge school counselors to verify that students have services and opportunities in regards to multicultural that will benefit their development (as cite in ASCA, 1999). Holcomb-McCoy states the nine categories that can provide better school counseling are multicultural counseling, multicultural consultation, understanding racism and student resistance, multicultural assessment, understanding racial identity development, multicultural family counseling, social advocacy, developing school-family-community partnerships, and understanding cross-cultural interpersonal …show more content…
Furthermore, to guide school counselors to take appropriate actions to service the needs of all students, school counselors can infuse their pre-service understanding of multicultural issues and apply them into their school counseling education curriculum. Holcomb-McCoy also states that targeting school counseling graduate students and advising them to complete their practicum and internship in schools that are diverse, whether it’s multiethnic, multicultural, or multilingustic to gain more knowledge and experiences will be beneficial when they are placed to work with diverse students. In regards to counseling with Asian students, multicultural school counselors should use religious and spiritual traditions with their Asian students to effective build rapport and trust with the student’s families. Fred J. Hanna and Alan Green discusses ways school counselors can implement their use of multiculturalism with Asian students, specifically with students who beliefs were Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam in their article “Asian Shades of Spirituality: Implications for Multicultural School Counseling” in three different case examples
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On Tuesday, April 17, Bria Marcelo gave a training to student leaders about bias awareness. Marcelo works in the Chief Diversity Office and serves as the Director of Diversity Resources. I chose to attend as an opportunity to see how students are being taught about bias, to educate myself, and to also examine bias training from a supervisor point of view. This paper examines how the training relates to the Multicultural Change Intervention Matrix, themes of first-order change, and increasing multicultural competence. The Multicultural Change Intervention Matrix (MCIM), was designed to, “assist student affairs practitioners in conceptualizing and planning their multicultural interventions” (Pope et al., 2014, pg. 29).
The ASCA National Model is an important tool that supports school counselors and defines their specific role in the school counseling program. The ASCA National Model (2012) provides guidelines for a comprehensive counseling program and defines focus, student standards, and professional competencies. The ASCA National Model unifies school counselors with one vision and voice motivated by improving student success. The purpose of this paper is to reflect on my total program experience, field experience, and how these experiences align with the ASCA National
Running Head: Racial Disparities in Education Racial Disparities within Education Tatiana Martinez Georgia State University Introduction Within the world of academia, aptitude and intelligence are usually measured by standardized testing and the level of information one can attain within a certain amount of time. When a particular group consistently scores lower than another in terms of performance, the group with the lower score is considered to be inferior, or subordinate. Throughout the years there has been a noticeable disparity between African American students and European American students as it relates to education. However, are the differences and experiences that accompany the African-American culture being factored in when
This chapter explains the difference between race and ethnicity and how they came about. It also explains the advantages and disadvantages some have due to the creation of race. Race and ethnicity have strong foundations not only within countries, but between them. Globalization has increased the individual’s ethnic identities, but has also put some at disadvantages. Having different races and ethnicities is not an issue, but ranking the different races and putting others at disadvantages creates issues.
If a school consists of only one type of race or ethnic group, then the students are isolated to the ideals of that specific community. But if diversity exists, the opportunity arises to learn about different cultures and become more well-rounded. This is illustrated by Owen and his best friend Dave, who is white. Even though Owen and Dave are two different races, they do not let that prevent them from being friends. They use their differences as an advantage to learn from each other and to help each other out.
The educational system in America contains numerous racial disparities that affects the very core of the children who is suppose to benefit from education. This disparity comes in many forms in primary schools, a teacher’s attitude being one of them (Epps, 1995). A teacher’s attitude in a classroom consisting of a racially diverse children is a large contributing factor to the academic success of their students, more specifically, the minority African American students. It is a given that all schools should employ qualified teacher who are passionate about their students and the quality of education they provide to these students. Unfortunately, that is not the case for many urban schools that house a large proportion of African American students
ABSTRACT Culture is central to learning. It plays a role not only in communicating and receiving information, but also in shaping the thinking process of groups and individuals. Culturally Responsive pedagogy is a pedagogy that recognizes the importance of including students ' cultural references in all aspects of learning. Model Residential Schools are residential schools for Scheduled Tribes. Scheduled Tribes have an entirely different culture and tradition.
Often times today, people of other racial classes and ethnic groups are experiencing oppression as a marginalized group in society today. Racial biases and culture have become an important issue in mental health due to social constructs, racial stereotypes and racial ideology. As a result, they tend to have an impact human development, racial and cultural identity. Therefore, it has become necessary for counselors to indentify and become fully aware and competent in this area due to the changes our society has undergone in multiculturalism and globalization. Due to cultural diversity, identification of minority groups has led to major breakthrough in the field of multicultural counseling/ therapy (Sue &Sue,2014).
Reflection Hays and Erford (2014) define the factors affecting our counselor identity as our culture, lifespan period, gender, sexual orientation, and the last but not the least our prejudicial beliefs. In the country that I have grown up, we did not have too many Asian descents living among us and the insight that we have about both Native Americans and Asian Americans were just a paragraph length of information in sociology books. I would just add a couple American movies have had some people included in the film as side characters or neighbor members. Preparing for this week’s assignment gave me a lot different perception about Asian Americans, Native Americans and multiculturally component counselors.
As a woman of color, I believe it is essential that I become aware of my own biases in order to help individuals that have different beliefs, values, and cultural practices. When I was done completing the “Multicultural Counseling Competencies: A Self Examination” assessment, I became aware of my strengths, weaknesses, and areas where I need to grow as a future college counselor. To begin with, I notice that I questioned myself continuously whether I take the time to evaluate the limits of my competency when helping a student from a different cultural heritage from mine.
Brittney Foster SOCY 423 UMUC 03/01/2018 Racial integration of schools Racial integration is a situation whereby people of all races come together to achieve a common goal and hence making a unified system. Racial integration of schools is well elaborated in the two articles by Pettigrew and Kirp. These two articles say that combination in the American schools since 1954 has unceremoniously ushered out the Brown versus Board of Education which was a decision made by the Supreme Court. The topic of discussion of these two articles hence is relevant to our course since it gives us the light of how racial desegregation and racial integration shaped America’s history.
A classroom should be filled with a wide variety of languages, experiences, and cultural diversity. An effective teacher understands the importance of culturally responsive teaching, and recognizes the significance of including students ' cultural references in all aspects of learning. Having an enriching classroom that engages all students does not mean making judgments about a student’s culture based on their skin color, gender, or socioeconomic status, rather it means knowing each student in a way that is individualized. According to the authors of The First Day of School: How to be an Effective Teacher Harry Wong, race, gender, religion, financial statue, and skin color is the least important factor determining a student’s achievement. Moreover, demographics and culture are not an excuse for students’ lack of achievement.
The majority of the general public has preconceived ideas as to what a person’s race is based solely on appearance. In general, it can be difficult to identify a person’s race just by looking at their skin color. In each race, there are many variations of skin color and to make it more complex and difficult, not to mention people who are of mixed race. Historically, race has been divided into four categories: black/African American, white, Asian/Pacific Islander, Native American/Alaskan Native.
Racism: Why It Should Be Taught To Children Racism has, and always has had, a great effect on American society. Still to this day, even after the civil war over slavery in the 19th century and the anti-segregation movements of the 20th century, countless peoples still face ridicule over the color of their skin or the shape of their face. If it were to be taught in schools that judging someone based on their appearance is bad, then perhaps there wouldn’t be such an integration of racism in modern American society. Not simply learning ‘don’t be a racist’ in a high school social studies course while half asleep or thinking of what’s for lunch, but the concept of just how much it can affect someone’s life in such a negative way should be taught to children throughout their whole school careers. Without outwardly influence, children are proven to be unbiased.