Research Question and Data Strategy
As a student of public policy, understanding the variability of income between different groups allows for researchers to deepen their understanding of the domestic economy. Obesity in the United States has become a catastrophic issue, and has manifested itself as an interesting topic to research when analyzing citizen’s income distributions. The research question for this report allows us to investigate the effects of obesity on income using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979 Cohort. The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979 Cohort or (NLSY79) is a longitudinal project that follows the lives of a sample of American youth born between 1957-1964. This data set was compiled through using many different surveying methods, and yielded over 9,000 respondents.
In order to answer the question, the researcher organized the data from the database through different steps. …show more content…
“The cohort originally included 12,686 respondents ages 14-22 when first interviewed in 1979; after two subsamples were dropped, 9,964 respondents remain in the eligible samples. Data are now available from Round 1 (1979 survey year) to Round 25 (2012 survey year)” (National). This data was collected many different ways. The primary variables found within the main data set are derived directly from survey instruments, such as questionnaires, household interview forms, and so forth. The researchers organized the respondents based on race, body mass index, age, income, and many other variables. In regards to race, the respondents were separated into Black (or African American), Hispanic, and non-Black or Hispanic. The respondents that qualified was “obese” or had a body mass index of at least a value of thirty or higher were separated into a separate group that was specifically outlined for obese
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Each year, there are about 112,000 deaths from obesity that are preventable. In the past few decades, the number of cases of obesity has been on the rise in the United States. It has tripled among children and doubled among adults. In 1990, Connecticut’s obesity rate was at 10.4 percent. Then, in 2000, it was at 16.0 percent and currently it’s at 26.0 percent.
Annotated Bibliography Babey, S.H., Hastert, T.A., Wolstein, J., Diamant, A.L. (2010). Income disparities in obesity trends among California adolescents. American Journal of Public Health (100)11, 2149 2155. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2010.192641 Childhood obesity has increased to 17% in the last thirty years, causing concern for the health industry as costs increase and preventable diseases become more prevalent. Over 17,000 adolescents were interviewed in the California study between 2001-2007 through the California Health Interview Survey.
Ethnic Autobiography Obesity is a problem that is far more prevalent within the African American community than other racial and ethnic groups of Americans and this is particularly true among younger people (Delva et al., 2007a). The exact explanation for this is elusive and has both genetic and dietary components (Delva et al., 2007b). The proposed project is in two distinct phases. The first phase is to collect information, both through conducting surveys and through reviews of the literature, to determine why this is the case.
Evidence of Disparity Obesity in African-American women is rising at exponential rates, but no one is showing it any importance. Over the past couple years, obesity has increased in the African-American community among black females. Below are some statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Office of Minority Health (OMH) that reveal high rates of obesity in African Americans: • In 2015, African American women were 1.4 times as likely to be obese as non- Hispanic whites. • As of 2015, the percentage of African-American women 20 years of age and over who are obese equals 56.5%. That is a 29% increase from the percentage from 2011-2014, which equaled 44.2%.
Obesity has become a major dilemma within America, mostly childhood obesity which has become in my eyes an epidemic. Childhood obesity will bring about adult obesity, health issues, psychological problems, and will even damper on sociological issues when pertaining to relating to culture and other people on a daily basis ( ex: brings about bullying or being bullied, social issues with kids, and low self-esteem and confidence). These include but never restricted to the fact of physical, social, environmental, psychological, and health issues all within a wider scale mostly if the pattern of obesity starts at an early age and then progress to adolescence and adulthood. The factors given in obesity has once again become a worldwide issue and concern for family, friends, and the child.
I decided to research this topic because in the Athletic Training field an extremely important part of our focus is helping others maintain a healthy body weight. We feel if one of our clients is overweight or not at their ideal size, then we are failing them. There should be more commitment to resolve the problem of youth obesity within communities by Athletic Trainers and other medical personnel. 2. Background Obesity has been on the rise for the past couple of years.
“Make sure to shop in the fresh sections of the grocery store for nutritious foods,” the doctor told the obese patient as they trudged out the door. How can I afford to buy these foods, the patient thought to themselves, when I only make $130 a week and am trying to feed a family of four? This situation is the harsh reality for forty-five million Americans. (emotional appeal) Of the many Americans who have been labeled obese, very few have the actual monetary means to fix their ailment. The war on obesity has consumed lower class America for several years and the end is nowhere in sight.
“By 2015, approximately 2.3 billion adults will be overweight and more than 700 million will be obese” (Barbour 5). In today’s world, obesity is a problem and should be helped by influencing people to make healthier choices. According to the World Health Organization, obesity is defined as having a BMI (body mass index) of 30 or above. They also say that, “BMI is found by taking your weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters (kg/m2)” (Barbour 2).
50 years ago obesity was not a problem, but know it is one of the most cases that doctors and researchers are paying close attention to because it is becoming a growing threat. The continuing expansion of the nation’s waistline has pushed obesity to the top of the list of major health problems in the United States. In recent decades, the prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically in the United States, tripling among children and doubling among adults. Studies shows that Almost 13 million (16.9%) of U.S. children ages 2 to 19 are obese. And more than one-third (about 35%) of U.S. adults are obese (more than 78 million adults).
Our world is greatly dimmed by those of larger body. When roaming the streets, we see every day those struggling to hold themselves up. Being fit and active, when viewing those who aren’t of our stature, it brings shame and depression. The problem of obesity has plagued this great nation since it’s founding. From the founding fathers to the common citizen.
It is a very touchy subject with most people, which is why it isn’t discussed largely in the average American home. Obesity has a wide variety of categories to chose from to discuss; however, the research used throughout this essay was conducted with the basics of obesity, such as causes, effects on people and the nation, and opinions of experts that believe they may solve the controversy of obesity. The data was collected through a mixture of several different experts in books, online magazine articles, and online newspapers. The information was evaluated by comparing these experts opinions and observing how they compared with one another. Much of the material is very similar to one another; therefore, these authors understand the seriousness of the problem and are able to determine what the problem is.
Who or what is to blame for the increase of obesity? Thinking Sociologically about Sources of Obesity in the United States by Robert L. Peralta examines obesity as a "disease" (Peralta 200). Peralta provides multiple possibilities to why United States citizens are becoming heavier. He argues that the government aid programs, availability, and cost of nutritious foods makes it difficult to eat healthy (200). Next, the article infers that obesity could be largely a social issue.
Obesity in the United States has been increasingly cited as a major health issue in recent decades, and is one of the highest in the world. Obesity rates have increased for all population groups in the United States over the last several decades. Between 1986 and 2000, the prevalence of severe obesity quadrupled from one in two hundred Americans to one in fifty. Extreme obesity in adults increased by a factor of five, from one in two thousand to one in four hundred. There have been similar increases seen in children and adolescents, with the prevalence of overweight in pediatric age groups nearly tripling over the same period.
Furthermore, 70% of people, who come from low-income groups and middle-income groups, die because of these diseases. NCDs do not only occur in elderly, most of NDCs cases in America are from adults under 70 years old and children (Paho, n.d.). According to the national data, from 2986 to 2002, an indicator of excess body fat (MBI) in low-income groups and low education groups was higher than other groups. The BMI and obesity were inversely proportional to wages (FRAC,
Obesity in THE BLACK COMMUNITY: A Serious Epidemic Obesity is a serious problem, affecting an estimated 300 million people worldwide. Its prevalence is increasing in developing countries throughout the world. More than one-third of adults were obese in 2011–2012.(1) Among non-hispanic black adults, however, 56.6% of women were obese compared with 37.1% of men. (1) The health risks associated with obesity make reducing the high prevalence of obesity a health priority.