Occupational Therapy Outline

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I. The call for a new paradigm – establishment of a new theoretical rationale derived from medicine for occupational therapy in the late 1940s and 1950s; resulted from criticism by the medicine field.
II. The mechanistic paradigm- occupational therapy transitioned to a new focus on inner mechanisms, new rationale from the medicine perspective; which earned the field an increase in scientific respectability and recognition as an effective medical service.
III. Focal viewpoint
a) Precise knowledge and understanding of the inner ( intrapsychic, neurological, and kinesiological) knowledge workings.
IV. Core constructs
a) The role of inner mechanism in performance: the ability to perform depends on the integrity of the neuromotor, musculoskeletal, …show more content…

The field of medicine, as well as some occupational therapist agreed that the field of occupational therapy did not have enough science, research and theory to back up the therapy in which they provided to patients. Due to this, occupational therapy shifted from the old paradigm which only focused on the benefits of occupations, holistic themes of mind-body and person-environment interaction to a new paradigm which focused more on addressing and treating impairments related to musculosketal, neuromotor and intrapsychic systems. The main focus of occupational therapy after the change was to look within the patient, find out what type of impairment was inhibiting the patient’s quality of life and to use therapy to try and fix the impairment or compensate using different Medias in conjunction with activities and or …show more content…

Activity analysis is used to figure out the demands of an activity and the capabilities needed in order to be able to participate in that activity. Before an occupational therapist decides to have a patient engage in an activity or occupation, the therapist must try to do the activity themselves first in order to know the type of performance skills and client factors needed to perform it successfully. Also, the activity must be broken down in increments and analyzed extensively to make sure that is doable and that it will be therapeutic for that particular client depending on their needs and how meaningful it may be for the client. For example, if a client is unable to support their body weight due to postural impairments, it would be inappropriate to engage them in an activity without assistance whereby they will have to be up supporting their

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