The Human Occupation Model

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A model refers to a theoretical framework that seeks to shed light to a particular human behavioral aspect that is of concern in occupational therapy. It provides tools that aid in the application of the theory in practice. Once introduced, a model is continually tested and researched on in order to improve it (Kielhofner, 2008). This paper will address the Human Occupation (MOHO) Model. Originators and History of the Model The model was developed in the mid-1970s from Dr. Gary Kielhofner's practice and master thesis. It was however first published in 1980. Gary has continued to be at the forefront when it comes to the improvement of MOHO (Forsyth & Keilhofner, 2006). He works in collaboration with other occupational therapists to develop,…show more content…
However, this has changed over the years to accommodate a wider variety of persons who are faced with occupational challenges in life. The changes would render the model useful throughout the life of such persons (Kielhofner, 2008). As such, it can be used for persons of all age brackets. It was possible to use the model to offer therapy to children undergoing challenges, such as, hyperactivity and attention deficit would be cared for. Adolescents were not left out either. Those suffering from mental illness were to undergo treatment using the provisions of the model. At the same time, adults who suffered severe health issues which include brain injury and chronic pain would also be offered therapy based on the model. Older individuals battling dementia were also accounted for. MOHO was also intended for persons with special needs, such as, those suffering from AIDS (Kielhofner, 2008). The homeless, both the young and the old were to be cared for thanks to the model. Persons who have in the past undergone traumatic experiences in the past were also not to be left out. The model gave guidelines for the care for persons who were considered to be victims of social injustices, such as war. Soldiers who had just returned from the battle field were also to be rehabilitated using occupational therapy procedures in the model. The model was also intended to be used in a variety of contexts. These included rehabilitation centers, nursing homes, correctional facilities, outpatient health facilities, hospitals, as well as, community based organizations. The latest revision of the model was done in
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