Parenting Styles And Attachment

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Drawing on relevant psychological theories and research this assignment will exploit the impact of parenting on children 's social and emotional development. Parenting styles and attachment will be the key areas of focus. This assignment will concentrate on permissive parenting, authoritarian parenting and authoritative parenting and how these parenting styles influence the social and emotional development of the child. The emotional aspect of development relates to a child or adolescent understanding and controlling their internal emotions while balancing external social elements of interacting with other people and family. Social development involves learning the values, knowledge and skills that enable children to relate to others effectively…show more content…
Parenting styles refer to the manner in which adult figures are accustomed to in the process of child rearing. This can refer to the caregiver 's level of expectation, performance demands and attentiveness to rules as well as the style of discipline that the parents follow to enforce their expectations on the child or adolescent. Parenting styles tend to reflect two primary dimensions of behaviour: emotionality and control. There are three types of parenting styles that will be the focus of this piece, Permissive parenting, authoritarian parenting and authoritative parenting. (Baumrind’s 1971) permissive, authoritarian and authoritative typologies are currently widely used models of parenting styles..The use of parenting style is used to capture normal variations in parents ' attempts to…show more content…
Research also shows that authoritarian style parenting differs greatly from that of permissive and authoritative styles. There is a pattern emerging in the research that suggests authoritarian style parents have high expectations of their children and have very strict rules that they expect to be followed unconditionally. They express very little warmth or nurturing towards the child and may have a dysfunctional relationship as the child reaches adolescent years. The parents tend to be driven by obedience and status and expect their orders to be obeyed without question. The children of authoritarian parents tend to be controlled through shaming, the withdrawal of love, or other punishments and reasons for rules are not usually explained (Baumrind 1966). According to the research of Baumrind parenting styles shows results of predicting child well-being in the key areas of social competence, academic performance, behaviour and psychological development. Children and adolescents from authoritarian families tend to perform moderately well in school and be uninvolved in problem behavior, but they have poorer social skills, lower self-esteem, and higher levels of depression (Baumrind

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