Occupational Therapy Model / Frame of Reference (FOR) There are several frames of references that occupational therapy utilizes. The frame of reference (FOR) gives the therapist guidelines to follow as interventions are conducted. Choosing a proper FOR is key for the best treatment approach for each unique patient. One FOR that would be appropriate for Kara in this case study is Model of Human Occupation (MOHO). MOHO seeks to explain how occupation is interested, patterned, and performed.
The frame of reference that will be utilized is the Occupational Adaptation Model. Created by Schultz and Schkade, The Occupational Adaptation model provides a process of adaptation that proposes occupation both as the means through which adaptation occurs and the end for which functional adaptation is desirable (Jackson & Schkade, 2001). The primary focus of treatment utilizing this model is the patient’s preferred occupational role, involvement in controlling and evaluation the results of the therapy process, and affecting the adaptation outcome in order to lead to relative mastery in occupational functioning (Jackson & Schkade, 2001). Relative mastery is measured by efficiency, effectiveness, and satisfaction (Jackson & Schkade,
The Occupational Therapy profession is advocating for clients and profession itself in different ways to guarantee the access to the services. The Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process defines advocacy as “efforts directed toward promoting occupational justice and empowering clients to seek and obtain resources to fully participate in daily life occupations. The outcomes of advocacy and self-advocacy support health, well-being, and occupational participation at the individual or systems level”(AOTA, 2014). The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) are been advocating in the US legislature and they have multiple tools and information for professionals to advocate for our clients and profession. In the last
A leader needs to adapt to situations and use techniques that are inclusive in order to avoid conflict and aids decision-making. Building relationships, considering others feelings and celebrating their successes with them can maintain strong leadership. By encouraging my team to participate in the decision making process I empower them, which inspires job satisfaction this reduces conflict, poor time keeping and absenteeism. I need to be able to help my staff team understand the need for change and I do this by being clear about my aims and objectives, the actions required and the part they need to play. Sometimes I need to take control especially where health and safety is concerned, these policies and procedures me adhered to at all times.
Core focus: The CMOP-E conceptualises occupational performance and engagement as the dynamic interaction of the person, occupation and environment. It proposes that occupational therapy practice requires both client-centred practice and enablement (Townsend & Polatajko, 2007). Presented in figure 1 is the three-tier system of person, occupation and environment, with person at the core to conceptualise the client-centred approach to therapy. Occupation is represented as the link that connects person and environment; and environment is considered broadly, and includes the cultural, institutional, physical, and social elements that lie outside of individuals, which affords occupational possibilities (CAOT, 1997, p. 180). Due to the interdependent relationship between person, environment and occupation, a change in one component will result in changes to the other domains.
As a professional, one must adhere to the guiding principles defined by the professional association. Scope of Practice outlines the “notions of professional conduct, accountability and self- governance and expanded practice”. Scope of Practice summarizes “the range of roles and activities an individual registrant or licensee is permitted to undertake in the course of professional practice. These roles and activities are largely determined by professional education and practice competence along with factors in the practice context, such as demands on practitioners’ services and available resources” (Fealy 2005). Scope of Practice is based upon the “profession 's unique body of knowledge, supported by educational preparation, a body of evidence, and existing or emerging practice frameworks” (American Physical Therapy Association, 2015).
The theoretical format Person-Environment-Occupation (PEO), focuses on the individual, the environment, and the occupation. With the PEO format, we see the physical, social and cultural elements of where occupational therapy takes place (Scaffa, 2010, p.35). The PEO ties in person-environment interaction, person-occupation interaction, and the person-environment-occupation interaction (Scaffa, 2010, p. 36). The PEO is similar to that of the OT framework because the OT framework as well describes environment as having physical and social components. It mentions the social aspect of the environment that includes relationships and expectations with other individuals.
The theoretical framework gives a detailed reason to why the highlighted research ques-tion exists. Orem’s self-care deficit theory of nursing is the theoretical framework relat-ing to this research because the theory is further divided into three sub-theories in which requisite are line with the following: Individual stages of development and goals, Health conditions, Developmental states, Energy consumption and expenditure, Atmospheric conditions and also the theory gives room to investigate possible causes of malnutrition alongside nurse’s intervention by assessing the need for care, approaches and required interventions. According Orem in 2001, nursing can be viewed as part of the health sector that provides authorized care to individuals.
This external context is made up of various aspects like: role player expectations, recent educational and professional legislation. Standards are the fundamental components of any quality assurance system). Standards give the required direction to the practitioner and must be well defined within the context of a country's; cultural, philosophical and ethical value systems, as well as its socio-economic and political development. The main concern of the study was that if the education of nursing research as well as the total management of nursing research within the nursing department, is put to a test of quality assurance, the result in terms of nursing research will be positive. The research objective is to formulate and validate standards against which quality in nursing research in a nursing department can be valued.