Deviance can be broadly defined as the transgressions of social norms. It is a concept in sociology that has drawn many different analytical perspectives. This includes perspectives such as the reactivist, normative, statistical and absolutist. In his work, Liazos attempts to define the current state of the field of study by analyzing works of different authors in the field.
The Conservative electoral vote strategy saw them gaining public confidence, by proclaiming to be “tough on crime”. The politicisation of law and order occurred due to the increase in crime rates and the postmodern turn in society. Ulrich Beck’s arguments associated with the postmodern society, and the concept of uncertainty and risk became ever prevalent. Campbell (2004) argues, traditional policing is withering away and replaced by contemporary policing methods to govern social relations in the ‘risk society’. Consequently, society’s preoccupation with risk and the existence of risk society has placed great attention on policing. The politicisation of policing has drawn focus to the agency making them powerful. As a result, the police have been identified as one of the agencies, whose budget will be protected from future austerity cuts.
The role of policing in our culture can be categorized in two broad models; crime fighter or public services role. These two models view policing in different ways as seen by society as a whole. The views of policing at stated by Pollack (2017), in with the crime fighter model focus on the “presumption is that criminals (who are different from the rest of us) are the enemy and police officers are the soldiers in a war on crime” (p.116). This view by police and society helps to formulate the style of policing they utilize leaning more towards force and not viewing all members of society as equal. The public servant view of policing described by Pollack (2017) as the “presumptions are different and include the idea that criminals are not so different from us and, in fact, may be our sons and daughters” (p. 116). This approach creates more of a protector for all people mindset with limited use of force and more fair treatment when working the beat.
According to www.ncjrs.gov the accountability of individual police officers is a fundamental issue for police executives. Police officers are the public officials that society has authorized, even obliged, to use force. Ensuring that police officers use that warrant equitably, legally, and economically on behalf of citizens is at the core of police administration.
Police brutality will be an issue until a solution is created. Many individuals are victims of this form of assault on daily basis. The liberties held by law enforcement are challenged each time they perform their duties. Police officers should abide by the same laws that each citizen is expected to abide by. Although police officers are granted with the right to determine laws as constitutional, civilians are sometimes treated in ways that are beyond unlawful.
Policing in today’s society has been impacted through a multitude of influences including social, political, and economical to name a few. One factor that has, in more recent years, left its imprint within policing is race. Race, brings up the subtopics of ethics, corruption, accountability, and public views on policing. The following paper will discuss these subtopics to help further understand why and how race plays such a significant role in current day society and policing.
This debate topic speaks about police being less proactive, because of vitriol, and causing an increase in crime rates. This debate topic is not directly related to the book, Ghettoside, but falls into the same bracket. The debate talks about the police becoming less involved because of denunciation, and rates of crimes increasing because of that. Ghettoside talks about the black-on-black homicide rates going up, one reason, because of the ignorance of the police. So, both the debate and the book have crime rates going up because of the lack of interference of the police department. The book shows ignorance because they simply don’t care, and the debate showing ignorance because of criticism. “For
There are numerous issues that deal with the American criminal justice system, but the two I found most prominant that occur on a daily basis is the abuse from police officers and clear racism shown by the American criminal justice system. To begin, racism as we know is a prejudice directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior. In the criminal justice system African Americans are directly targeted and punished in a higher more aggressive way, than say someone who is caucasian and committed the same exact crime. Racism is more often than not, the motive for official misconduct. There are examples of racism from every known region in the United States, spanning across centuries from slavery to
The NSW Police Force (NSWPF) are expected to comply with the ideals and expectations outlined in legislation and policy documents. These documents provide ethical, moral and legal principles to shape the decision-making process of police in the execution of their duty. This essay will discuss the failures of police to comply with these principles in dealing with potential juvenile offenders in the scenario. It will do this by examining their actions with reference to NSW legislation and relevant police force policy documents, discretionary powers and their application in the scenario, and communication techniques which could have had a more positive impact while complying with the directives of the NSWPF.
Insure that the officers accused are dealt with formally and publicly so as to deter others from participating in this type of behaviour.
My interest in being a part of the CUNY Law Review was peaked when I came across a CUNY Law Review article as I was preparing my research paper on police violence. G. Flint Taylor’s “The Chicago Police Torture Scandal: A Legal and Political History,” put into prospective the continuous outcries of the citizens of Chicago regarding police violence against people of color as well as the cover-up by the local political and legal systems. Particularly with the recent decision by the Chicago District Attorney’s office to charge a police officer for the execution of 16-year old Laquan McDonald after withholding video evidence for over a year. Though much has changed in Chicago since the torture scandal, it is clear that a lot more has to be done as there continues to be an issues of accountability and swift action when officers step across the line from public servant to criminal.
Police brutality is not a new problem in the United States. It has occurred throughout history and has affected all genders, ethnicities, and races. Recently, however, police brutality towards African Americans has become a controversial topic in the news media, and has prompted heated discussions and angry public outcry about race relations and civil rights throughout all sections of the country. Ever since the Michael Brown shooting in 2014, which was caught on camera and viewed widely on national television and on social media, the police have been under scrutiny by both the news media and the general population to stop their use of physical force and unnecessary violence when apprehending and confronting criminals.
Sir Robert Peel, the founder of the Metropolitan Police in 1829, made the first decision to not routinely arm the police form in a political strategy to gain the acceptance of the highly sceptical parliament with an aversion to continental, paramilitary policing. This notion of unarmed policing has been upheld over numerous decades and British policing is still seen as an unarmed agency until comparatively recent, where the service has had access indirectly or directly to firearms and other weapons (Miller, 1977).
The literature used for this subject is closely related to one another with key differences between each different articles approach. They all address the concept of police corruption and deviance in general but take different stances on the cause of it and how it’s fundamentally made within a flawed system. The articles to follow suit all provide insight to previous methods of addressing the matter. The Effect of Sanctions on Police Misconduct by
In almost all societies police is a source of controversy as it constitutes a legitimate force, interposed between the state and the law on one side and citizens on the other. What people think about the police and their work becomes extremely important and can serve as a significant social indicator of the political health of a society as a whole (Benson, 1981 cited by Andreescu & Keeling, 2010, p.1). The manner in which the stakeholders "see" the police can determine the perceived legitimacy of the institution itself, the respect and the citizens’ compliance with the law (Tyler & Huo, 2002), and the quality of their interaction and cooperation with the police as well. The police equally represents a matter of substance and image,