Religion in Classical China Since human’s earliest years, we have relied on religion to guide us in countless situations; it influences almost everything we do. During the Classical Period in China, religion played large roles in many significant decisions. The three most prominently displayed religions at the time were Legalism, Confucianism, and Daoism. Though their unique teachings separated them from each other, each had equal impacts in the shaping of early Chinese civilization and culture. Legalism, by definition, is conformity to written or spoken laws, rather than a spiritual religion (Merriam Webster). Chinese legalists supported strong figures of authority who ruled forcefully, and armies that used labor to keep civilians from resisting. The sixth …show more content…
Daoist philosophies fixated on the harmonious and mysterious workings of nature, harmony being the fact that every living or nonliving thing has its opposite. Daoism is most commonly associated with Laozi; he, “stressed that nature contains a divine impulse that directs all life” (World Civilizations). According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Laozi’s teachings were the inspiration behind many books, cultural traditions, and works of art. Daoism found its popularity among the upper class who were seeking out a religious way of life. The fact that the wealthy were interested in Daoist morals is quite ironic due to Daoism’s focus on frugal living and modesty. Unlike the other two religions, Daoism didn’t pose any threats politically. Nevertheless, Chinese government convinced Daoist leaders to incorporate allegiance to ones government into their speeches. Daoism had no large impacts on any of the classical Chinese governments but it allowed people to concentrate on their beliefs instead of politics. That being said, Daoism is still practiced in certain parts of the world
Following the fall of the Han dynasty came the decline of practicers of the Confucian philosophy because of the downfall of the elite class and a centralized government. Buddhism, a religion with it’s roots from north India, has found its presence in China during the time when trade, along the silk roads, was crucial in all parts of Eurasia. Although the spread of Buddhism in China was greeted with devotion from new converts who supported the religion by spreading it and combining their cultures with the religion, it also was rejected by the ruling elite who opposed the spread of the religion that impacted China for the next following centuries.
Classical China Influences: Confucianism and Daoism The Confucius Analects and Daodejing contain underlying beliefs of how to live an effective lifestyle. The sayings of Confucius focus on achieving a strong ethical code from upholding classical traditions. He views an appropriate lifestyle as the attainment of benevolence, sense of propriety, and filial piety through the following concepts: Ren, li, and Xiao. Rather, The Daodejing conveys a vision of Dao, “the way”, as the source of all thing.
Confucian says “if I can hear the Dao in the morning I will die contented that evening!” For the reason being that in his time men of virtue and uprightness must take it upon themselves to protect and preserve this ideal or civilization would be doomed only when men of power are unwilling or incapable to uphold their order. Daoist from the beginning hold Dao as their primary source of the cosmos. Daoist are self-consciously they express a decidedly alternative understanding of the Dao and ideal human action. Dao is not only the deep transcendent entity that gives rise to all things but also the immanent core that exist in all things making all things equal.
Daoism and Confucianism are very different philosophies. The thought of the two ruling together is very hard and unrealistic to imagine, but not impossible. Both believe in very basic morals such as, not stealing, cheating, lying, or killing. They also believe in treating people well. Daoism strongly believes every living thing including bugs are equal.
A Daoist would follow the Dao in order to live a good life. The article states that “The Dao is the universal necessity underlying all things and controlling their existence, and the Dao is the very beginning of all things (Xie 2000, 470).” This means that the universe and everything in it, as well as how the universe is controlled, is the Dao. To paraphrase the words of Dao De Jing, “I don’t know exactly what it is, but it’s an infinite mystery that created the universe. It does not have a name, so I call it “the way.””
In ancient china there were two widely different philosophes being so excepted within the same culture. The two philosophes were Confucianism and Legalism. Confucianism was during 55 B, in China. Legalism was during 475-221 BC, also in China. Confucianism is a belief or an idea.
Buddhist principles affected the societies in which it was present. It also introduced a culture of compassion into societies where survival depended on social status. It also changed the political constellations. Daoism has had great political and social influence. Daoism was in support of a more passive approach and a belief that the universe conducted itself according to its own flow.
The Tao is not a thing and it is not seen like a God because it is not worshipped, it is more of a system of guidance. It is best described as “developing oneself so as to live in complete conformity with the teaching of the Tao.” Daoism is a religion of opposites and unity. It is where yin and yang started and the principal of it is it sees the world as filled with complementary forces. Daoism practices include meditation, which is concentration or mindfulness or visualization.
Term Paper: Daoism Daoism, also known as Taoism, is originally a Chinese religious tradition that is centralized in living in harmony with the Tao, meaning “way”, “path”, or “principle”. Taoism is one of the two great philosophical and religious traditions that originated in China. In Taoism, the Tao indicates something that is both the source of, and the force behind, everything that exists. Taoism is practiced to be essentially a nontheistic religion, although some divisional communities worship the founder of the doctrine, Laozi. Daoism, along with Confucianism, branches out of an ancient religion from China that took shape no longer than 1500 B.C.E. (Brood).
Daoism and Confucianism are both philosophies and religions that have existed in China for many years. They were found by different people and are practiced by different groups. Laozi and Zhuangzi founded Daoism. Daoism philosophy is about intuitive awareness, nurtured by peaceful contact with nature while exiling out anything artificial. Daoists follow the principle called the Dao it’s the underlying principle of the universe meaning you combine yourself with the principles of the yin and the yang.
Religions like Daoism or Buddhism and philosophies like Confucianism had great control over how East Asia was run. These ideologies resonated with all walks of life from the time: Buddhist karma gave the common people something to look forward to; Confucian guidelines made the relationship between government and the governed better; Daoism gave purpose to many spiritually confused people. Some government officials used the influential powers of these religions to make political gains. Others used certain aspects of the religions to dissent from the government’s tight grip on society. Most used them to find inner peace and motivation.
Compare and contrast the roles of Confucianism and Buddhism in both China and Korea until roughly the 7th century Introduction East Asia is the largest emerging economy of the world at present, and this phenomenon can be traced back to its cultural, demographic, political and social traditions and identities. Yang and Tamney (2011) said religion was an integral part of cultural which played an extremely great role in enriching people’s spiritual life, guiding people to do good (p.132), and strengthening the state authority and legitimating their rule by instilling people with the politics-oriented beliefs from the perspective of the ruling class. Confucianism and Buddhism played a dominant role in the feudal society in both China and Korea and they exerted far-reaching impacts on both countries until today. As religion, both Confucianism and Buddhism served similar purposes in maintaining the social orderliness and stability, despite the differences between them in the religions beliefs and their impacts. In this paper, the roles of two mainstream religions, Confucianism (including Neo-Confucianism) and Buddhism in China and Korea until roughly the 7th century are compared and contrasted in various aspects.
Have you ever wondered how religion and philosophies affected daily life? Well they affected life a lot and in many different ways. Religions and Philosophies throughout India and China affected the people’s lives that lived there. People that lived here believed in many things and lived the way they wanted to live their life.
Religions: Those beliefs were known to be part of the oldest philosophy in Ancient China called "Daoism" or "Taoism. " Taoism" means a way of life. It’s a type of way, of living your life. Taoism is basically the beliefs of a man named "Lao Tzu". "Lao Tzu" was known to be a librarian in the library of China's Emperor and a Chinese philosopher around 601 BC.
Chinese religions are very well known its area The names are Confucianism, Daoism/Taoism, and Buddhism. These are normally called the three ways in china because they all have a different way of life or worship. Confucianism is the first religion in china and it is mostly about respect and the young should always respect the elder. Daoism is about nature and peace they say if you go out in nature it will go out and fix your future.