Compare and contrast modeling theory with attachment theory. How do each of these perspectives explain aggressive and/or criminal behavior? Which of these two explanations do you find more compelling? Justify your selection. Modeling theory was developed by Albert Bandura and is used by criminologist when violent acts occur to sometimes explain the reason behind those acts.
However, there are those who feel that just as the principle states, one is, and should be taken as a victim and the outcome could be either way: guilty or not guilty. In fact, this argument is supported by the many cases of malicious prosecutions and mistaken identities. The differences The due process model is pegged on the belief that it would be better if a criminal found innocent goes free rather than have one innocent person in jail. On the other hand, the crime control model argues that it is better to have a innocent person detained, questioned, tried and found innocent then let free than have a society full of criminals roaming
OPERANT CONDITIONING PLAYS A ROLE IN CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR Group#1: NAMES: Ureshemi Balogun, Kyle Vasell, Ester Ferguson, Rajiv Reyes, Sarita Choco University of Belize Operant Conditioning and Criminal behavior helps to better understand what causes people to display criminal behavior and why they continue to display it. Operant conditioning is a process that tries to modify behavior using positive and negative reinforcement and punishment. In operant conditioning an association is made between behaviour and the consequence for the behaviour. Burrhus Frederic Skinner is regarded as the father of operant conditioning. He developed operant conditioning, because he believed that the first type of learning; Classical conditioning, didn’t do justice in explaining the complexity of human behaviour.
When approaching each case, criminalists utilize the factors related to the psychological theories that influence criminals rather than each individual’s traits. That way they are able to make the connections between intelligence, personality, learning and criminal behavior. Naturally each case is also analyzed based on the individual’s traits, however initially to narrow the possible population to decide on a suspect, the professionalists have to go by broader specifications. Using the psychological theories is useful to not only apprehend, prosecute and understand a criminal but also to treat him or her so that after and if they are released back among the general population, they would be able to integrate properly as normal citizens of
The social learning theory of criminology says that individuals learn from the community around them. This happens in two ways by differential association and differential reinforcement. Differential association is the theory that individuals learn values and behaviors related with crime. Differential reinforcement is the fact that rewards and disciplines shape behavior. High crime rates are an continuous problem in our inner cities, however the cause and reasoning behind crime has yet to be totally recognized.
Numerous theories have been produced to clarify criminal conduct. While a few theories are not as regular, others have developed and are utilized as a part of numerous criminal reviews today. Cutting edge criminologists consolidate the most important aspects of sociology, psychology, anthropology, and biological theories to advance their comprehension of criminal behavior. Rational choice theory, psychological, biological, and strain theory are used to analyze the
In criminology, differential association is a theory developed by Edwin Sutherland proposing that through interaction with others, individuals learn the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives for criminal behavior. The differential association theory is the most talked about of the learning theories of deviance. (DAT). (Sutherland) (Sociological Theories of Crime and Their Explanation on Crime , 2007) Theories of criminality are most commonly derived from human behavior. I chose the movie American history X and the theory is Sutherland’s differential Association theory (DAT).
The social control theory (also known as the social bond theory) has a close tie to crime as it is a proposal that emphasizes what people take into consideration before breaking the law or becoming deviant. Some of these include commitments, relationships, values, norms and beliefs. Travis Hirshi developed this theory in the year 1969 as an effort to answer the question as to why people obey the law. The theory implies that when the bond to society has weakened, people are more likely to participate in criminal activity. A sufficient amount of social connections and social networking would usually prevent the immoral actions but as a person experiences it less the probability that they would participate in those kinds of activities increases.
Those in gangs who may use violence to resolve conflict and/or establish a respectable name for themselves have been surrounded with those who do the same thing. For example those who follow the code of the street, that may mean beating someone up to make themselves feel more powerful, but they had to learn that from somewhere as they can not only learn things from their direct experiences but there is also a high chance that they have seen exposed to others that do the same exact thing. Differential association theory which is a strain of social learning theory, explains that criminal behaviour, and the specific techniques that one needs to know to commit crime are learned. This relates to the code of the street because those who abide by it are not only taught the violent or criminal behaviour but are also taught the motivating factors that back up the behaviour. All the residents that follow the street code do because that is what is they are surrounded with and according to the social learning theory, which is explains that crime is learned, they watch how others deal with things and use that as a model.
This may be because of intimidation, blackmail or embarrassment among many reasons. As far as crime is concerned, it is defined by the law. Deviance is unexpected behaviour, but not exactly considered criminal. Many consider crime as a social problem – a problem as defined by society, such as homelessness, drug abuse, etc. Others would say crime is a sociological problem – something defined as a problem by sociologists and should be dealt with accordingly by sociologists.