In the 1970s, the wage gap decreased because “women’s progress in education and workforce participation” (Miller, 2018). However currently there is still a wage gap: for every dollar a man makes a woman makes eighty cents for same job – on average. What is being seen recently is that intersectionality plays a vital role in the wage gap as well; not only are women being paid less than men, but some races of women are being paid less than others. It was discovered that “among full-time workers in 2016, Hispanic or Latina, black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN), and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (NHPI) women had lower median annual earnings compared with non-Hispanic white and Asian women” (Miller, 2018). It was also revealed that Asian women have the smallest wage gap when compared to men and that Hispanic women have the largest wage gap when compared to men.
There are currently a number of various social inequalities that face our society today. Most of today 's issues have to deal with racial inequality. One issue we have faced in our nation for several decades is gender inequality, more specifically the gender pay gap. In an article released by American Enterprise Institute (AEI), There really is no “gender wage gap.’ There’s a ‘gender earnings gap’ but ‘paying women well’ won’t close that gap, by Mark Perry argues why the gender pay gap doesn’t matter.
An article by Columbia University describes what happens when women try to balance all of this at once. The article explains that Johnathan Platt, a Ph.D. student in Epidemiology at Columbia University, created a survey and found that when women make less than their male counterparts not only are they two and a half times more likely to experience depression but also as much as four times more likely to deal with anxiety (“Wage”). As if disturbing our mental health is not enough, I believe the gender wage gap also affects our self-confidence as women. For women, we do not need another excuse to feel that we are inadequate, especially because we are told daily; however, the gender wage gap does just that. Unfortunately, at
Mike Honda once said, “Equal pay isn’t just a women’s issue; when women get equal pay, their family incomes rise and the whole family benefits.” Honda is making it clear that when women receive a lower pay than their male counterparts, it is not only the exploitation towards women, but a disadvantage to their household. It is common for industries to have a women’s salary be less than that of her equal male colleague. However, with unequal pay being an issue for many years, and the increase of violence in the United States, will this issue ever be truly solved? The medical field is among the top five industries with the largest gender wage gap.
The gender gap in economic participation can be measured through the difference in numbers between men and women participating in the labour workforce. In the world currently, 82% of men participate in the labour workforce while only 56% of women do. It is estimated that if women participated in the workforce identically to men, the annual gross domestic product (GDP) in 2025 could increase as much as 26%; closing the gender gap by allowing more women to participate in the workforce is critical for long-term economic benefits. However, several factors hold women back from economic participation for several reasons, such as social norms, discriminatory laws, and gaps in legal protection. Therefore, it is crucial for governments to enforce laws
At the beginning of the article “10 Reasons Women Need Equal Pay, and are Still Fighting for it”, Werft uses the literary appeal of logos by providing statistics and facts that unquestionably show a wage gap between men and women continues to plague women globally. Werft provides figures that show “women earn an average of 23% less than male counterparts in the same position, with the same experience” (Werft). Along with figures, Werft uses professionally acquired estimates to show the amount of money, between twelve trillion and twenty-three trillion dollars, that can be added the global gross domestic product if the pay
Why Are Women Paid Less? —— It Is Not an Issue Only About Discrimination That Simple According to a survey by North American Industry System(NAICS), based on average wages, all workers in 2014 including full-time and part-time, women earned just 75.3% compared to men. As more and more women enter the labor market, this issue is increasingly attached great importance, and whether this issue relates to discrimination is the biggest concern.
It has been almost 100 years since the 19th amendment. That amendment was meant to give women the same rights as men, but why it is that women are still only making 77 cents of the man’s dollar years later? The fact that women with equal skills still make less than men is astounding, but to make matters worse women of color make close to half of a white man’s dollar. The next amendment needs to make non-discriminatory pay mandatory for all employers to insure equality for all.
Something that I’ve learned from this course was the term “intersectionality” and how that plays into equity. While isolating an issue does help in understanding its roots, the next step we should be taking is to understand the interconnecting nature of social identities. This many help us to become a more equitable society. For example, when Chelsea facilitated the workshop where we touched upon intersectionality in the pay gap, we learned how both gender and racial identity can affect an individual’s wage. While white women earn $0.74 to a white man’s dollar, black women only make $0.64.
The novel begins when a woman gives a female American Indian child to the protagonist of the story, Taylor Greer. Equality between women and men has been an issue around the globe for years. In some communities, women do have legal rights as many say, but many statistics have pointed out that men around the world have better access to education than women. According to women 's right activists, If discrimination begins, even before birth, very little change will happen. Women have been deprived of their rights for years, but society has changed, to some extent.
The article entitled “Breaking the Glass Ceiling: African American Women in Management Positions,” written by author Aparna Mitra (2003), explains the labor market status of African-American women in supervisory and management jobs (Mitra, 2003). As the study progresses Mitra includes different problems that these women may face in the workplace. One particular table in this article shows how Black women can have a better education, and still receive a smaller pay wage compared to White women and Black men. Another problem included in this study is the fact that while there are women in supervisory and management positions, only a small percentage is African-American (2003). As Mitra identified the different problems these women face, the study concludes with the claim that these women are subjected to both racial and gender discrimination in the workplace.
Equality for All “Equality in pay has improved in the US since 1979 when women earned about 62 percent as much as men. In 2010, American women on average earned 81 percent of what their male counterparts earned” ( Highlights in the US). “Harrison Bergeron” and Anthem both are dystopian societies that tried to create equality, but end up with horrible corruption, no real equality, and incorrect portrayals of equality. In “Harrison Bergeron” the society leaders use handicaps to bring people down to the lowest level or the “average” of their society. There are similar concepts in Anthem, no one can be better than anyone, but they use shame and guilt to keep their people in line.
One of the biggest struggles that women has to go through is not getting paid as equally as men. An Equal Pay Act in 1963 had to be made in order to forbid sex based wage discrimination, even though women are still getting 91 cents of every dollar earned by men (10 Challenges That American Women Still Face Today, paragraph. 2). In Russia, many women are paid less than men and their wage and salaries were 70% of men (Snezhkova, (2005), Page 3). This became a problem for many other countries where women wages would be 84% of men also and they would only receive just 58% of the income from their spouse (Social Inequalities, the World Cup, and Some Simple Solutions, Paragraph 6). In other words, this statement is saying that even though men and
The Equal Means Equal documentary film by (name) (2016) states, “Compared to white men, white women working full time, based on median annual full-time earnings, earn 78 cents to every dollar a man earns. African American women make 64 cents, and Latina, 54 cents. Depending on the year, that pay may rise a couple of pennies, but not because women wages have increased but because men’s have stagnated or declined.” Seventy-eight cents to a dollar is very discouraging and proves hard work does not pay off. Over the course of my career, I have experienced gender