What is the gender wage gap? Have you ever heard that women get paid less than men? What do you think when you hear that? Do you think it’s because women choose to work at lower paying jobs? Or is it because women are more likely than men to work part-time? The gender wage gap is the difference in pay for men and women to do the same job. In Iowa in 2013, women made 78 percent of what men made. In 1973 women made 57% of what men made and the number of that increased 21% by 2013 putting the comparison at 78%. Over the last sixty years, American women have made incredible progress in the labor market. From 1950-2011, women’s labor force participation nearly doubled from 33.9% to 58.1%. Did you know that in 2014, women’s median wages were approximately 50% higher than what women earned a generation prior, and women earned 82% of what men made in 2011, up from 62% in 1979. Some people believe the reason for the pay gap between men and women is because of their own personal choices. However, studies in 2012 show that after one year in college women get paid 82% of what men do. A study that was done in 2007 called Behind the Pay Gap, showed …show more content…
The choice of the college major and the job chosen after graduation does reflect on the pay gap between men and women. For example, women are more likely to go into teaching than men. Teachers tend to have a lower income so this does contribute to the pay gap, whether or not teacher’s wages are considered fair. Not all of the gap can be “explained away.” After taking the college major,
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Hayes begins her article questioning if men and women actually get paid differently for the same work. To give an answer to the question, Hayes goes by a known statistic that women make 77 cents on the dollar compared to men, but then gives another statistic saying women make from 58.4 cents to 79 cents per each dollar a man gets, and it differs between ethnicities (para. 3 and 4) . Hayes says that the pay gap still occurs even when the woman has a higher education than a man and when the man and woman are in the same
Research shows wage gaps are solely a product of the choices of the second party. Woman have chosen what level of education they wish to pursue, the fields they wish to be in, and where they work. When looking back at a censuses of the early-to-mid 1900’s the majority of working women worked at small enterprises rather than booming companies: large Firms pay at higher rates, their payout going predominantly to males of the working class (Rubenstien, Michael Harvey). When taken under the scope, large enterprises rejected woman workers, and if they did hire, the lady’s income would be significantly smaller. Consequently, companies would deny the reason being that they were of a different sex, and rather blame it on how little education the skill the person had, “Frequently, even when given raises, their new pay still comes short of that of their male coworkers.
Roth and Lukas, explain how wage gap is a myth. In Both articles they start off introducing their counter argument. They both state how President Obama said “ women should earn equal pay for equal work”. They use this statement to start of their argument. To get statistics to back up their claim, they both use The Labor of department for their sources.
“Forty percent of the wage gap can’t be explained by occupation, work experience, race, or union membership,” “That’s not true. Something can explain it all. Also, another reason why it doesn’t exist is that women choose lower-paying jobs. If they didn’t want to be paid less, they should have chosen a higher-paying job.” Matthew reasoned.
The gender pay gap is a significant issue in the United States because it promotes institutional and internal sexism and the unfair treatment of human beings. An infamous statistic about the wage gap has been the 77 cent statistic, stating that for every dollar a man earns, a woman earns 77 cents. The statistic is calculated by, “...dividing the median earnings of full-time, year-round, working women by the median earnings of full-time, year-round, working men, all rounded to the nearest $100” (Glynn 2). This, however, represents males and females from all occupations, causing opponents to argue that, because it does not represent the gap between people who have the same job, a wage gap does not exist. Nonetheless, multiple studies have proven that a gender pay gap does exist within the United States.
What is the gender wage gap? Well it is the difference between a male and female and how much they earn in their line of work. The gender wage gap has caused a lot of fuss over the years. Men and women have gone back and forth trying to figure out if this gap really exists, in reality there is no wage gap. Research will back the fact that women do indeed make as much as men.
Analyzing the wage gap, it is seen that the gap does not boil down to rampant sexism, however, it is because of a combination of economic, social, and educational factors. According to studies, the fields that attract women tend to pay less. Education and healthcare industries attract about a third of female employees; the median weekly income of those sectors is $841, roughly the same amount of men work in computer and engineering fields, that earn a median of $1,120. However, Even within female-dominated sectors, men still make more money, comparatively. In 1999 a woman working in a majority female workplace earned 25.9 percent less than a woman working in a male-driven sector; a man in the same employment scenario earned only 12.5 percent less (Boraas and Rodgers III,
We also must look at the dominated occupations, so that we can rule out the argument that the gap is caused by the chosen jobs of each gender. Male dominated occupations tend to pay more than female-dominated occupations at similar skill levels, particularly in jobs that require higher educational levels. An example that they give is, among high-skilled workers, men in ‘software developers, applications and systems software’ occupations, a male-dominated field, earn $1,736 per week on average (compared with $1,457 for women), while women ‘elementary and middle school teachers’ occupation, a female-dominated field, earn $956 (compared with $1,096 for men). Occupational segregation needs to be taken down in order for the gender wage gap to be
This research was based on men and women who made the same educational and occupational choices and a gap in pay was still found. This gap prompts consequences for women, such as having difficulties repaying their student loans. The report has found that full-time working college graduates repaying loans one year after graduation, 53% of women compared to the 39% of men were paying more than what they could actually afford to their debt. (Forbes, The Awful Truth Behind The Gender Pay,
It may be 2018, but the gender pay gap is still here, why is that? Women have been and still are getting a lower pay than men to do the same job. Women are doing equal if not more work, but somehow make less. The following paragraphs will explain what is happening today like the fact that over time men 's pay increases more than women 's does. Besides that I will also mention that not just white women make less than men other cultures make even less than them, and I also will share real people speaking up about them being paid less than men.
Gender pay gap The gender pay gap is the percentage difference between average hourly earnings for men and women in the workplace. The pay gap isn 't the same as equal pay. Equal pay means that men and women doing the same job should be paid the same. This has been a legal requirement which was established in The Equal Pay act of 1970.
Annotated Bibliography Quast, L. (2015, November 22). The Gender Pay Gap Issue Is Fixable -- But May Require Bolder Actions To Overcome. Retrieved from Forbes.com: http://www.forbes.com/sites/lisaquast/2015/11/22/the-gender-pay-gap-issue-is-fixable-but-may-require-bolder-actions-to-overcome/2/ It is reported by the Economic Policy Institute that although women had made tremendous records entering into workforce and gain great successes in education, but their wage is 83% comparing to men. The world forum also released a report in 2015 that women now make as much as men earned a decade ago.
The fact that women get paid 23 cents for a every dollar a man makes is justifiable. One reason why the wage gap is okay is that men work harder than women do. Men work hard while women stay home and clean. Another reason is that men are more intelligent than women. The only reason why more women have master’s degrees is because they have more to learn.
In his article, Mark Perry, the professor of economics and finance, argues if the gender wage gap is caused by discrimination. In his opinion, simply claim that women are paid less due to discrimination is “fundamentally misleading” and “economically illogical.” There are more factors that affects this issue. In addition to the physical differences between men and women, different hours of work, importance degree of children, and occupational selections also influence different earnings.