Its focus is on improving overall health of the people within the community with emphasis on prevention, and attending to multiple determinants of health. This nursing practice involves advocacy, planning and policy development that will address issues of social justice. The nurse looks at the areas of concern in the community, assesses it, and plans ways by the concerns can be curtailed or resolved. The health concerns could be on infection control, health coaching, health maintenance, as well as home care visits for welfare and providing care foe members of community that may need
It trains health care providers to overcome cultural barriers like communication and language. Cultural competency has the potential to reduce inequities in access to health care services and improve the health status of cultural communities by reducing healthcare disparities. The goal of cultural competency is to provide health care to the community that is respectful of and responsive to the needs of diverse patients. It helps the health care provider to understand the needs of patients while seeking treatment. It helps to patient-provider to meet on common ground in the diagnosis and treatment plan of the disease.
Social obligation on ASRH According to WHO, creating a supportive social environment for ASRH is a social obligation of community and citizen. Community acceptance support for service provision is significant determinant of uptake of services. There is high chance to use AFS services where communities are more aware and exists” supportive social environment “. Therefore wider social mobilsaiton and community awareness interventions are needed. As a comprehensive strategy for improving health services, community engagement should be made integral part of program design (WHO, 2009).
Community Partner Aligning oneself with a good partner helps to create positive outcomes. When implementing a community health plan, it is important to consider what community partner will benefit the cause the most. The nurse’s role is to submit a presentation, including a summary of the key elements of the community’s health assessment, discussion of the health hazard and risk of the community at hand and propose a detailed plan. This plan should include specific community goals and a list of interventions and possible activities. Furthermore, it is critical to understand that the nurse may have to elicit help from other community partners and discuss why these partners would be advantageous to the proposed community health plan.
Health education is also defined as the development of individual, group, institutional, community and systemic strategies to improve health knowledge, attitudes, skills and behavior. The purpose of health education is to positively influence the health behavior of individuals and communities as well as the living and working conditions that influence their
1.1 OBJECTIVES OF HEALTH EDUCATION This concept was taken from module I “Introduction to Health Education”, sub topic 3 “Principles of health Education, theories, concept and practice (Part2)” Health Education is defined by WHO as “ any combination of learning experiences designed to help individuals and communities improve their health, by increasing their knowledge or influencing their attitudes. From my understanding I can define health education as any learning experience which occurs in order to help individuals and communities to understand health issues and possible ways of promoting their health. Health Education is carried out to help in promoting health and preventing disease among individuals and community. Health Education helps
However, Knowles acknowledges that medical professionals play a role with regards to helping people take responsibility for their healthcare. He suggests that preventative healthcare is the key to solving many of today’s health issues. Nonetheless, to promote preventative care, the role that doctors play must be emphasized. He states, “Carrying out such a strategy involves many variables-convincing the doctor to play his pivotal role…” (Knowles 66). Here he is demonstrating the important role that doctors play in healthcare.
According to David Werner the CHW becomes an internal agent change not only for delivering health care but for awakening the people to their human potential and to their right to health related knowledge. As a member of the community the CHW is assumed to more likely establish the much needed bond of trust that facilitates the communication of the health information between the provider and the patient. It is presumed that CHWs who are from the communities they serve not only manage greater access for health service delivery but are also able to gain the confidence of community members (Ruebush et al., 1994). Experience has shown that the more deeply rooted the CHW in the community the greater is the impact for creating health awareness and generating a change in the health behaviours of many individuals. This change in the health behaviour empowers people to take responsibility of their health at the individual and at the community
The ASHA is introduced as it strengthens the link between health sector and community. The ASHA worker works towards catalyzing behavioural change particularly among rural and tribal populations of the state. The novel venture of this programme is to contribute towards enhancing the quality of life of people by providing awareness about health from a holistic perspective. For example, women are told by ASHAs that nutrition, sanitation, drinking water etc., also have a direct impact on their health of themselves and their families. The Village Health and Sanitation Committee (VHSC) oversee this work.
With good social support from friends and family, a victim is able to accept being a victim and live their live with more resilience, better self-confidence and stronger relationships. What is Health Promotion? As defined by the World Health Organisation, health promotion is the “process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health.” Health promotion aims to not only change individual behaviour, but improve social and environmental awareness and prevention. By encouraging lifestyle change, creating strong social networks, and good social and political policies, the aim is to reduce health issues at their core and improve the overall health of the population. There are three key models to health promotion in which this is achieved: behavioural change, self-empowerment, and collective action.