Developmental psychology is a scientific approach that describes growth, change and coherence throughout life. Developmental psychology looks at how one's thoughts, feelings and behavior change throughout his or her life.An important part of the theories within this discipline focus on development in childhood; because it is the time that elapses throughout the life of the individual when the most change occurs. Developmental psychologists examine broad theoretical domains such as biological, social, emotional, and cognitive processes. Prenatal development refers to the process of development of a baby from a single cell after pregnancy to embryo and then to a fetüs. The average time for completion of prenatal development is …show more content…
This phase of Prenatal development is marked by the longest duration and surprising change and growth. During the third month of your pregnancy, the sexual organs begin to differentiate and form all parts of the body until the end of the moon. At this point, the fetus weighs about three grams. The fetus continues to grow both in weight and height, although a large proportion of physical growth occurs in later stages of the pregnancy.The end of the third month marks the end of the first three months of your pregnancy. During the second trimester or four to six months, the heart rate gets stronger and other body systems are further developed. Nails, hair, eyelashes and footprints. Perhaps the most obvious size of the fetus is dramatically increasing and is about six times higher. While providing uterine protection, the fetus is indirectly connected to the outside world through the mother. Many mother-related factors can harm the fetus: poor nutrition, alcohol use, smoking, the use of some prescription or over-the-counter drugs, the use of recreational drugs such as cocaine, sedatives and drugs, X-rays and other types of radiation. Mothers who drink too much during pregnancy may have babies with fetal alcohol syndrome. Infants with this syndrome may experience problems such as small head size, heart defects, irritability, hyperactivity, mental retardation, or slowing of motor development. Newborn babies begin to recognize the world with all sense organs from the moment they are born. Newborn babies can hear, see, taste and smell and feel the
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Consumptions of large amount of alcohol during pregnancy can lead to a Fetal alcohol syndrome or (FAS). Fetal alcohol syndrome is the most common known non-genetic (non-inherited) cause of mental retardation in the United States which is estimated three out of a thousand babies. Defects can be small heads and brain, facial abnormalities, and defects of other organs. When mother drinks alcohol while pregnant the alcohol goes through the fetus body which can cause the alcohol to remain in the baby’s body even longer. When mother is an alcoholic or drinks alcohol three to four times a day the baby that she is carrying can also be addicted to alcohol.
Thomson continues her argument by saying that we cannot deny that the fetus eventually becomes a human. Around 10 weeks, she says, is when the fetus starts to develop arms, legs, face, toes, etc. But when talking about a newly fertilized egg, which is a big clump of cells, she says is comparable to an acorn on a tree. With that being
During the second month the baby’s body slowly starts to develop. He or she starts to form little arms, fingers, legs, toes, eyes, and ears. Even the major organs of your baby are starting to develop during the second month. By the end of the third month your baby is completely formed. They are still so small though, on average only about three inches long at this point.
Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition where an unborn child is exposed to alcohol during pregnancy. The effect of exposure of alcohol during pregnancy causes brain damage and growth problems. Fetal alcohol syndrome has physical symptoms which include the following wide set eyes, thin upper lip, flattened face with a short nose, deformities of joints, limbs and fingers, slow physical growth, vision problems, hearing problems, small head circumference, heart defects, and issues with kidneys and bones Fetal alcohol exposure has a dramatic effect on the central nervous system.
1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth - 19 years. UNBORN BABIES TO ONE MONTH Most babies are born around the fortieth week of pregnancy. Babies who are born more than three weeks early are classed as premature. Babies that are born early are more likely to need a little more time to develop than those born nearer the fortieth week.
a. Expected for Halloween, baby Catharine arrived on the Fourth of July, 16 weeks earlier than what was expected. Weighing in at 1 pound 10 ounces Catharine’s eyes were still fused shut. Catharine fought for every breath she took in result of her heart defect, bleeding in her brain, jaundice, and a heart murmur. Catharine spent 113
From conception, the living being is a zygote for seven weeks, an embryo at eight weeks, and a fetus at twelve weeks. The living being undergoes extensive development of body parts and distinct abilities grow as the human being grows. The pregnancy lasts up to nine months and is a bonding process between mother and child. Abortion is a choice that takes away the right for a human being to live and should not be supported because it can also cause greater damage to the mother. Abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks.
Between conception and calving, there is a lot of behind the scenes work going on inside the uterus. Like humans, a bovine fetus undergoes distinct developmental milestones. Month 1 (9-10 millimetres) Day 0: the fetus is conceived either through the use of a bull or AI Day 19: the embryo attaches to the uterus Day 20-22: a heartbeat can be detected Day 25: limb buds begin to form and placentation starts Month 2 (5-8 centimetres) Day 30: udder tissue begins to form is the embryo is female Day 45: the testicles
Introduction Development refers to the pattern of continuity and change in human capabalities that occurs throughout the course of life (King, 2008). Children development is is a part of human development that refers to a biological, emotional, and psychological changes that take a place in human beings between birth to adult. To develop from the child to adult, there are two main focus which is nature and nurture that must come together. Nature refers to the gene or heredity, meanwhile nurture involve the environment around us.
For the purpose of this essay, a child developmental theory will be referred to as an approach and development will be defined as “the pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through the life span” (Santrock, 2011, pp.6). This essay
“Beginning development of the brain, spinal cord, heart, and gastrointestinal tract stats by week 3 [...] By week 8, everything that is present in an adult human is now present in the small embryo.” (American Pregnancy Association) The heart of the fetus starts beating very early in the pregnancy. “An embryo 's heart begins to beat around the eighteenth to twenty-fourth day after conception.”
1. I JoyRose Mahl will use the first grade level for this discussion. 2. The psychodynamic theory is associated with, Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson. Theorists who support this theory state, early childhood experiences play a major part in later development of a child’s personality, even if it is buried in there unconscious.
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born to this world is unique; they are born with different characters and their personalities and behaviours are formed and influenced by variety of factors. These factors may affect their ways of interacting to the environment and community or setting in which they live in. In my experience as a child care practitioner most of the time, adults mainly focus on the physical development of a child and so quick to base their conclusion or judgement on the physical aspect.
Child development is an area of significant interest to professionals who deal with children on a daily basis. It is through child development theorists and their theories that we begin to form an understanding of how children develop emotionally and socially to become fully grown adults in society with a moral and emotional compass/. Teachers need to study child development in order to provide developmentally appropriate educational experiences for children. Health professionals also need to understand this area to support children in their physical, social, emotional and cognitive journey to becoming functioning adults in society. Childhood is a concept that is affected by social context and also by history. Here in the West childhood was not always considered to be a fundamental developmental phase in life with children in Victorian times working from as early as the age of four.