had began when Arabic cultures infiltrated Ethiopia in northeast Africa by the seventh century B.C.E., the first Christians arrived from Syria in the fourth century C.E. But that didn’t stop soon North Africa was invaded by Muslims and by Nomads and brought more cultural changes. African culture soon began to thrive when the first black African states formed between 500 to 1500 C.E. Trade routes were increased across the Sahara desert when the camel was introduced in 100 C.E. from Arabia.
While Europe was plagued with diseases and constant warfare, Islamic kingdoms in Africa were prospering. After the fall of the Kingdom of Ghana, the Mali Empire rose to dominate Western Africa. It became one of the most prominent states in the Islamic world, in large part due to Musa Keita I. Considered to be one of the richest people to ever live, he has been credited with making the Mali Empire a cultural center in the Islamic world. Musa’s pilgrimage to Mecca, which not only was one of the grandest journeys in history but also had a significant influence on numerous kingdoms and the spread of Islam in Africa.
Britain has set up a protectorate over Egypt but is really controlled by Great Britain. The British occupation of Egypt is the richest and most developed land in Africa, set off “African Fover” in Europe. To confirm its control and stability in the area, Great Britain has extended its control over the Sudan also. The French Empire in Africa is as large as the continental United States. France has conquered Algeria in North Africa.
This period is also called the Islamic Golden Age. The Muslims were later ruled by caliphs after the death of Prophet Muhammad ( peace be upon him ). The caliphs were very influential as they had great spiritual and political authority. Islam spread quickly in the Middle East and beyond. Through the introduction of common tax system, laws and coinage, Islam was able to unite the new conquered lands.
Sort of the same thing was going on in the African Kingdom Mali they were also invading different places. In 1203 CE, Kumbi was taken by one of their former subject peoples. The Ghana is also known as Awkar. When the Gold Coast in 1957 became the first Country in sub- saharan Africa. Ghana’s dynasty began is uncertain, they say the written records were written by Muhammad ibn Musa al-khwarizmi in 830.
Islam spread through trade. Muslim traders journeyed end to end of caliphate, exchanging good and information. Exchange brought Islam to west Africa, Europe, Southeast Asia. Mecca was a trade center because it was crossroads of the lucrative caravan trade. In Document A it shows the routes of the trade it expands to west Africa, Europe and Southeast Asia exchanging goods and information.
It is believed by Muslims that if these rules are followed they would be alive and be united with Allah one the day of judgement. Muslims are mainly concentrated in the Middle East, northern Africa, and South Asia including Indonesia and Malaysia but also spread out in Europe and North
The explorers of Africa played a fundamental role in the discovery of Africa for Europe. This essay will investigate the motivation behind these explorations, the results of the discoveries and how hey led to imperialism and colonialism in Africa. This will be proved by discussing firstly the prominent explores in both the fifteenth and the nineteenth century. Secondly, it will be proved by indicating how the discoveries of some of the last and greatest explorers of the new age of exploration provoked and accelerated the Scramble for Africa. The emergence of the European explorers in the west coast of Africa during the fifteenth century signified the dawn of a new era: the Age of Discovery in Africa.
As Islam is one of the most widely spread religions, it has taken its fine culture and art to places such as Europe and Africa and have played a great role in influencing their culture. The Sheikh Zayed Mosque Abu Dhabi is one such mosque which is open to non-Muslim faith as well, and many people have described it as a wonder piece for its architecture alone.
Similar conferences for certain circles in Asia and Africa were held as well, such as the Asian-African Journalists Conference, Islamic Conference Asia Africa, Asia Author Conference of African, Asian and African Students Conference. Asian-African Conference was fired up and add strength to the morale of the fighters nations of Asia and Africa were at that time fighting for the independence of their homeland, so that then was born a number of independent countries in Asia and Africa. All it signifies that the ideals and spirit of the Ten Principles of Bandung increasingly penetrate into the body of the nations of Asia and Africa. Bandung soul with Dasa principle, has changed the world view of international relations. Bandung has given birth to the Third World ideology or "Non-Aligned" on His First World Both Washington and Moscow.