Learning a second language has become really important as the years pass because of the necessity of being communicated, and Chilean people are aware of this. Some years ago, the Education minister Joaquin Lavin announced that the new Chile’s goal is to be a bilingual country within the next 20 years. Since that declaration, many projects have started in order to develop Chilean student’s English skills, which are listening, writing, reading and speaking. The last skill mentioned is the one in which our problem is focused on. In Chile, many students have problems when they talk in English since the mother tongue interferes in the target language.
In Chile, there is a huge gap when it comes to social classes which makes differences at the moment …show more content…
Phonology is focused on the sound system and contains all its subdivisions.
It is important to keep in mind some meanings which will be present in this paper. From Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, the meaning of mother tongue is related to the first language that people learn when they are children. On the other hand, the target language consists on any other language that people could learn.
There are two questions that encourage us to investigate about this topic, they are: Why do Chilean students use mother tongue rules at the moment of speaking a foreign language? And what produces the interference of L1 in L2?
It is believed that children could be afraid or unconfident at the moment of speaking in another language, it may be the reason because they make a lot of errors in their speech. The interference takes place when students try to associate some rules from their native language into the new one, because they want to connect the norms in order to make the comprehension of the new language easier. In the body of this paper, there are going to be some research about why this problem happens and how to solve …show more content…
The researchers collected information and evidence to support that interference does affect the way students speak. They demonstrated that students from private schools have a medium level of interference and the same happens with subsidized schools, whereas students from state schools have a high level of interference. Alvear, Barrueto, Hernández, Lagos, López, González and Neira (2009) concluded that the mother tongue interference occurs because students do not have a high level of proficiency. Students may know about English grammar rules and vocabulary, but they do not necessarily know how to use those rules in communicative
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The poor class of Mexico are treated horribly and are taken advantaged by the people who are in
The parent’s perspective towards bilingual education was like the student’s opinions because both individuals felt immersion classrooms benefit the students and the parents. The father of Jason was proud his son was the first in his family to read, write, and speak in English. Jason’s father knew his son would have many career opportunities by learning English at school. Learning the English academic language was not the only proud language Jason’s father encouraged for Jason to learn but also the Spanish language as well. Jason’s father only speaks Spanish so if his son was to lose his home language, a language barrier would form between father and son.
In the essay “How to Tame a Wild Tongue”, Gloria Anazaldúa demonstrates the diversity of the Spanish language. The language is broken into sections, and I agree that when speaking to other Hispanics from different countries it may seem like a completely different language. Being fluent in Spanish, I’ve noticed how this process works. Different accents and words influence the diversity, sometimes making it difficult for two fluent Hispanics to communicate. Countries, such as Argentina, have an accent and a language that differs tremendously from other forms of Spanish.
Rodriguez’s English was not the best, and because of that he would either be silent or quietly mumble when asked to participate by one of the nuns (73). Since his lack of participation was noticeable and showed little progress, some of his teachers visited Rodriguez’s home to ask his parents to “encourage your children to practice their English when they are home?” (73). Rodriguez one day walks in on his parents speaking Spanish, but when they see him they switch to English, which offends and over the days that follows angers him enough to decide to seriously learn English. Rodriguez even willingly decides to participate in class (74).
As we say in the video “A Class Apart”, in past times, Mexican Americans in general were segregated from restaurants, other public places, and their children were segregated by schools. Schools that were said to be separate but equal, had no plumbing in the Hispanic school and the schools lacked even the basic necessities needed to carry out an educational lesson. Furthermore, after World War II, Mexican American soldiers were not honored as they deserved and funeral housed refused to carry out ceremonies for them. Another past discrimination practice can be seen the racial distinctions made for Mexican Americans. Vilma Ortiz and Edward Telles from the NCBI stated in their research that “Race is a social construct but one that has had real consequences in the United States.
The lower class works for their living and spends what money they have on things they need. Whereas the upper class, usually has a higher education and better paying jobs than the other classes in America. Thus, heritage plays a big part in reasons of social classes.
Throughout generations cultural traditions have been passed down, alongside these traditions came language. The language of ancestors, which soon began to be molded by the tongue of newer generations, was inherited. Though language is an everlasting changing part of the world, it is a representation of one’s identity, not only in a cultural way but from an environmental standpoint as well. One’s identity is revealed through language from an environmental point of view because the world that one is surrounded with can cause them to have their own definitions of words, an accent, etc. With newer generations, comes newer forms of languages.
“Mother Tongue” by Amy Tan is the short story about the importance of language and how it is a key for communication. Tan emigrated from China to Oakland, California and she was a first generation of Asian-American. The author is very fascinated by the language and she believes that the language has the power of emotions, a visual image, a complex idea, and a simple truth. She also believes that there are many different types of “Englishes”.
Not only are the parents of the bilingual children, but also some educators worried and concerned about when a child starts to speak different languages in a sentence. Are these children really confused and not able to distinguish the languages that are being used? The confusion may come from the fact that many people are confused between code switching and language interference, therefore mixing up languages is thought to be part of linguistic deficits and bilingualism is the reason to blame. Especially to the monolinguals, mixing two or more languages in a conversation is a sign of language deficit and it shows disrespect to the culture, as well as the language. As a matter of fact, language interference is linguistic interference that comes from the native language and affects phonology, grammar, lexis and orthography in second language output, while code switching simply means that when a speaker uses or mixes two or more languages in a sentence or conversation to another bilingual person (Skiba,
Therefore, Dr. Giselle is able to provide an adequate analysis of the research data. Stephanie L. Hensel is a researcher in the Department of Education at the University of Michigan with an expertise in phonology, morphology, and sociolinguistics. The audience of the article is likely people who are interested in the field of sociolinguistics, particularly AAE. Overall, the article is more informative that
The ability to develop foreign language become reduces. Besides the age factor Experience and school environment as well as the teaching. They play an important role in the development of language skills. So the bilingual is necessary: using
Bilingualism is slowly becoming a popular “trend”. Those who are able to speak a second language at an advanced level and not only, are clearly considered by the society intellectually capable of great things. As a bilingual, the individual must not only know the grammar rules or achieve a high level in communication. He also has to study the cultural background of that specific language. Knowing a second language has a major impact on one’s life.