For example, England required China to pay $ 22 US dollars for reparations and open up numerous ports in China. After the Opium Wars brought China into imperialism, foreign countries including England came to china. Because ambassadors brought new technologies, mechanisms and religion to China, agriculture became less profitable and lots of peasants lost their occupations. Subsequently, the Boxer Rebellion or the Boxer Uprising, immense and vigorous rebellion against Christianity, took place between 1899 and 1902. Through the Boxer Rebellion, it lingered China lots of casualties, economic damages and influences.
“I am the punishment of God…If you had not committed great sins, God would not have sent a punishment like me upon you.” – Genghis Khan. Imperial juggernauts are massive and powerful empires; this essay will discuss the Mongols. They were known for their nomadic ways and lust for battle. Before they could start conquering other groups someone had to unite the various sovereign tribes of Mongols scattered around the steppes. The man that accomplished this was Temujin, later known as Genghis Khan.
This had a unifying effect on the Chinese culture for thousands of years and is considered an important achievement under the Qin dynasty. Also a style of calligraphy was created which is still used in cards, posters and advertising. Other reforms during Qin rule include standardization of currency, weights and measures.” Some people hold the belief that Qin was a bad leader because they believe he is to bossy. For example, they say “ Qin always had to take control and have everything go his way. Qin killed 460 Confucian scholars, that makes it clear he is a bad leader.” However, this does outline the criteria that defines a bad leader because he was very bossy and did take control of everything.
The nomadic style of the Mongols would prevent them from deeming anything they plundered in Asia useful to them, so they send it west via the Silk Road to trade in Europe. Development resumed and alternate routes were found across the Indian Ocean, which allowed for large amounts of goods to be shipped much more safely, directly to Europe. This would be the slingshot that gets Europe out of the Middle Ages a few hundred years later with the development of gunpowder, and the printing press. Gunpowder would give central government much more power and remove power from nobles, and the printing press would facilitate the spread of information much faster to many more people. Nobles knew they were getting pinched out of power, mentioned in the Bohemund at Antioch, “At last, all the noble leaders who were at Constantinople were assembled.
Ata-Malik Juvaini wrote an article titled Genghis Khan: The HIstory of the World Conqueror, in 1997. In this article Juvaini wrote of the level of brutality the Mongols took in order to get what they desired (Doc, E). The Mongols went to the level of beheading people and stacking their heads up in piles separated by age, and sex, almost as if they were trophies (Doc. E). Some of the Mongol rampages had little to no survivors, others had up to 2,000,000 fatalities (Doc.
They’re gonna beat us in a cultural victory like in Civ 5! First the Mongols invaded China, and after Genghis Khan died, then Kublai Khan was the one that took over the Chinese territory. But do you know what the Chinese did? They turned Kublai CHINESE! They fed him Chinese food, gave him Chinese clothes and even gave him a Chinese wife!
This was wonderful news for the Tang Dynasty succeeding because it couldn’t be blamed for high costs, but benefited from the revenues of the new canal . In the 18th century, transportation through the canal was still dangerous and difficult. The Grand Canal at Qingkou, where the Huai and the Yellow Rivers met, and it were extremely hazardous. In light of this, what made the Grand Canal the main long-distance trade route in the 18th century was not convenience (relative, for instance, to the coastal shipping). Perhaps we should draw our attention to other factors that have encouraged traders to transport their goods through the Canal.
The population got to be too much to handle. Kulbi then had to raise taxes, which led to many rebellions, and their dynasty came crashing down after the chinese outruled the leaders. These leaders became weak after breaking up china into four different Khanates, Khanate of the Great Khan, Chagatai Khanate, Khanate of the Golden Horde, and Ilkhanate. There army became unorganized and fragile causing them to lose almost every battle. This put an end to the cruel way of life the Mongols had put in the hands of people around the
The Mongol conquest started in early thirteenth century and ended early 1400s, encompassing most of Asia during these period. Another significant invasion that involved the European and the Americas occurred starting in 1450. Both the nomadic and European expansion immensely impacted their subject population by bringing destruction through diseases. Although the Mongols did not attempt to spread a faith, the Europeans were in search of new Christian converts. While the Europeans’ purpose was to look for direct contact with Asian trade routes, their introduction of the Americas to Afro-Eurasia led to a greater phenomenon, globalization.
It can be seen of the extensive literature that flooded the country during the Tang Dynasty, in all sorts of forms: poems, stories, books of teaching, etc. This amount of attention to the process of creative writing and record keeping proves unique in comparison to other dynasties, such as the Qin Dynasty; creativity or personal viewpoints would’ve most likely been heavily suppressed by the legalistic nature of the government. The fact that the Tang Dynasty split past this governmental method is a pivotal reason as to why it became regarded as such a prosperous and successful time in Chinese history today. The loosening of the government’s hold on the civilians allowed for them to be able to express personal interests and opinions, opening opportunities to advance in technological innovation, while also spurring one’s creativity through expression in forms of literature. Yet, it can’t be fully confirmed of this history; indeed, victors are the ones who write the history.