Poverty is so deep that 15 millions people in Ethiopia have no food security, 6 million live on foreign food aid and millions of families cannot eat 3 meals a day. The amount of Ethiopian children who are undernourished is 29.00%. Whereas in Australia 15% of children are undernourished. These children suffer starvation and malnutrition regularly by not having a healthy diet of 3 appropriate meals a day due to the lack of money and the unavailability of food and clean water. Malnutrition is detrimental to the health and development of children.
Iodine as a prescription was once exceptionally common, yet dietary iodine admission in numerous parts of the nation was truly very low. It wasn 't until after the World War I that restorative experts supported for iodine improvement in the eating routine. Since that most of us think we get enough iodine from table salt, it 's easy to overlook that iodine was added to
Crystalyn Poppert BIO202- Amy Bell September 1, 2015 Endocrine Written Assignment 1.) The different methods of intercellular signaling are gap junctions, local/paracrine hormones, and endocrine hormones. Gap junctions are direct connections that permit electrical and chemical signals to pass between cells. Tunnels that directly link cells. For example, the heart allows ions to flow directly from one heart cell to another.
An unbalance in these hormones would cause changes in the function and structure of the gland. In the setting where there isn’t a sufficient amount of Thyroxin synthesized by the gland, there is an increase in TSH production. Over production of TSH causes hyperplasia of the gland just to match normal thyroid levels. This would then cause a goiter to form. When the goiter is grown significantly, pressure is put on the esophagus and trachea, causing respiratory
The adrenal cortex is responsible for secreting corticosteroids and hormones such as: • Cortisol enables the control the body 's use of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates as well as suppresses inflammatory reactions in the body • Aldosterone which regulates the level of sodium and potassium in the body and helps maintain blood volume and blood pressure. Aldosterone is regulated by complex feedback mechanisms involving sodium and potassium levels as well as blood volume. • Androgenic steroids which are hormones that are converted elsewhere in the body to female hormones (estrogens) and male hormones (androgens) The adrenal medulla is responsible for helping the body cope with emotional and physical stress and secretes hormones such as: • Epinephrine which helps the body to respond to a stressful situation by increasing the heart rate and force of heart contractions, facilitating blood flow to the muscles and brain, causing the relaxation of smooth muscles, helping with conversion of glycogen to glucose in the liver, and other activities.
Recently, doctors have found a treatment for hypoparathyroidism. But, the treatment results in regular injections of calcium into the body. It is like receiving another IV, except the fact that this is pure calcium. Studies show that this helps cure the disorder little by little, but there are serious side effects that occur as the patient gradually gets older. The side effects of the calcium injection include “cancer, loss of hair, thyroid getting destroyed, and diabetes” (Timmons M. 234). Another form of calcium intake is by the pill Calcitrol. Calcitrol is a medication that can be taken orally and would help the parathyroid gland with producing the hormone. There are times at which a person who has hypoparathyroidism, would reject the replacement
These students’ proper nutritional needs were undermined. Studies have found that low-quality nutrition during childhood can be detrimental to the development of cognitive abilities like learning, problem-solving and memorizing. In other words, brain-based skills needed to carry out any task from the simplest to the complex. Students who have nutritional deficiencies may: doze off in class, interrupt the class, daydream, have hyperactivity and have limited abilities to focus on tasks. Early malnutrition can lead to limited vision, fine motor skills, language and social skills and chronic illnesses.
Well where exactly do hormones come from? How about metabolism? Or reproduction? Well these functions of our bodies, as well as numerous other functions, are produced by a system called the Endocrine System. On the outside of the body the endocrine system appears as a collection of glands that makes up the pituitary gland, the thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovaries (if you belong to the female kind), and the testicles (if you are male). Now this appears to be a complex system but it can be broken into bits to be understood easily.
For my research paper topic, I have decided to write about the most common thyroid disorder - hypothyroidism. My writing assignment will begin with general information about the endocrine system, where I plan to focus mainly on thyroid and its function in human development and metabolism. After briefer introduction, I will explain what hypothyroidism is, what are its causes, common and less common symptoms, diagnoses, medical treatments/care, and any other alternative options including diet and lifestyle changes.
The endocrine system is such an important system to the body because it functions the bodies use of hormones. The body uses many different hormones and the endocrine system regulates these. When the glands of the endocrine system secrete the hormones, the hormones are put into the bloodstream to be sent to the different parts of the body. The glands that comprise the endocrine system are the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland, and the pineal gland which are all located in the brain, the thyroid, parathyroid, and thymus which are located in the throat, the adrenals and pancreas which are located in the body’s midsection, and the ovaries (female) and testes (male) which are located in the pelvic region. The system is so important because it regulates the body’s metabolism, growth and sexual development, digestion, heart rate, and many of the other body functions regulated by hormones.
Case Study Unit 1: Birth Defects Birth defects are a major issue in the United States. This problem can be prevented with a good screening and implemented good teaching methods to the women with reproductive age. There are many condition that may play major roles in the cause of the babies who born with certain type of deformities. One of the biggest problem that may contribute with these birth defects is a lack of nutrients based one folic acid.
Thyroid hormones can affect a number of different body symptoms, therefore symptoms and signs of Graves’ disease can range from a variety of different things and can influence your overall health. It is the leading cause of hyperthyroidism. When should you worry
By giving children this as well as plenty of water, they will have more energy to be able to fight infections, concentrate, better alertness and general behaviour patterns. If nutritional requirements are not met, children can lose up to 10% of their IQ. “Undernourished children achieve at least a grade less in school”
I completely agree with you that PM should be educated. It is very important that once PM is diagnosed with hyperthyroidism, she should be educated on the etiology, pathophysiology, risk factors, symptoms of under treatment or over treatment and long term effects of the disease etc. It is essential that we APNs listen to patient’s concerns, invite and encourage them in decision making process after educating them about the conditions and possible treatment options. Teach and make them feel confident and responsible for daily treatments. It is crucial that patients are educated about their medical conditions and how they can prevent future complication by managing condition by being equal partner in the care process. Educating patient with the
How to Tell if you have a Fast Metabolism You may have observed that some people eat a lot but do not gain weight, whereas some people are inclined to gaining weight, even if they do not eat much. Similarly, some people apparently look quite fit, even if they do not do exercises regularly but in some cases, it may be opposite. Most important factor, amongst many others, behind this behavior of body, is Metabolism. What is Metabolism? Not going into the technical definition, metabolism is the breakdown of food, we intake, to make it useable by the body to provide energy and build body tissues.