Authority does not have to be an actual figure, but rather can be a set of rules or an institution. It plays a pivotal role in the decisions and influence of the general public. Zimbardo makes it clear how dangerous authority can be, because many people choose to blindly follow instructions regardless of whether or not their morals line up. It is described in depth as an almost brainwashing like phenomenon, where those under authority feel somewhat of an obligation to obey, simply because of their position. While this alone is interesting, an even more intriguing topic discussed in the book is the fact that not only do those under authority feel obligated to comply with their leader’s ideas and suggestions, but if the authority figures change from good to evil, their follows will most likely change as well.
Power is a driving force that can lead to happiness or misery. The idea of someone looking to another for guidance is frightening. When done right, the guidance can lead to major successes. However, when a person is corrupt and power-hungry, those around him are affected negatively. The Tempest serves as a great example of how power can be used to do the wrong or the right thing.
Sharing our thoughts it’s decisive and all our speech has to be explain the root of the problem with facts based on the reality, otherwise we can retract into silence or violence. This book has been extremely useful for me, because it has taught me how to maintain control in those crucial moments, probably it is easier for me know to spot those with the reactions like silence or violence which are attitudes that usually we know that happen but probably what I did not know is that it happens when the person doesn’t feel safe, that’s the key. Normally, when we don’t know the strategies it is harder for us to identify what we are doing wrong, therefore we can make numerous mistakes. We have to bear in mind that always has to prevail the mutual respect and the mutual purpose to have a fruitful crucial conversation. Therefore, mastering this skill of effective communication can make a difference in all the aspects in our
They say that they don’t bully, but even the most simple things such as trends or what we see on media can make others feels belittled. When we see others with nicer things or somebody else’s life that’s better than ours we feel this pressure that we need to be like that. When everybody surrounding you has one thing that you don’t have, you get made fun of for it. Media has a huge effect on how we think and what we think we should look like. We are constantly pushed into a mold by society to be something or somebody that we can’t be.
Our ability to think about a subject often requires background knowledge to guide our thinking. For example, News media is how many learn about current events about our world, which allows us to generate our analysis and judgment based on the given event. While news media may be one of the greatest assets for learning about the world, it also hinders our ability to think by giving us false or misguided interpretations about the world. News media often portrays stories that are overdramatic or violent. Gerald Nosich provides an example of the overdramatic news story in Learning to Think Things Through.
His research revealed, “The largest problem with transparency is the spread of untruthful information” (Daniels, J. 2009.) The author went on to express how organizational can address ethical issues, and also offered several recommendations. “Leaders sometimes resist openness and transparency because knowing something others don’t know is a source of power and it also allows leaders to hide mistakes” (Daniels, J. 2009.)
While Conrad’s story provides a powerful disapproval of the deceitful functions of imperialism, it also presents a set of concerns surrounding ethnicity that is ultimately disturbing. Conrad believes that the naive and pure idea in which colonialism originates from is its only moral attribute of imperialism. T.S. Eliot makes a connection to Conrad’s story in order to reveal the difference in the “idea” and “reality” imperialism. Ultimately what all three writers wanted to stress to the audience is that though the Theory of imperialism may seem pure, its reality will only bring tragedy and corruption.
In considering the scenario “Sleeping on the Job: A Managerial Challenge”, several leadership styles could have been applied with positive and negative impacts depending upon the leader and the implementation of the actions. The leadership styles evaluated were authoritarian/autocratic, democratic, transactional, transformational and laissez-faire (Marquis & Houston, 2015). Describe major tenets of leadership styles Authoritarian/autocratic leadership is exactly what its name entails. Total authority is possessed by management. This can be of benefit in situations where staff requires close supervision.
In Jesse Singal’s “How to Fight A Rumor,” He brings up an excellent point with this passage, “We’re particularly likely to spread negative rumors about “high-status” individuals, whether they’re our bosses, professors, or celebrities.” The Dunning-Kruger effect explains why our ‘above average’ mentality will convince us to how the higher ups should exemplify their jobs or lives. I’m sure President Trump inspired opinions about how to address events differently. However, this is taken in another direction. Rather than it being interpreted compared to the previous examples, it governs itself on fear and anxiety according to Daniel Goleman’s “Anatomy of A Rumor: It Flies on Fear.” Dr. Ralph Rosnow on this article expands on this in saying, “A rumor is a kind of hypothesis, a speculation that helps people construct sense of a chaotic reality or gives them a small sense of control in a threatening world.” In light of this a rumor starts to become clear. For example, if a boss or coworker in a workplace starts to generate situations difficult for you, you need to talk about the possibilities with your family and friends to confront them.
The paradigms pose a conflict between individual and group rationality, respectively selfishness and collaboration, where a group whose members pursue selfishness may end up being worse than the group whose members pursue collaboration (Kuhn, 2014). In each of these studies intuitive decisions were associated with higher levels of collaboration, which shows that our first impulse is to collaborate with others. Follow-up studies showed the same behavior and confirmed the data once