As A professional counselor the approaches are client center and is used in humanistic therapy. The founder Roger used it to motivate clients in the therapeutic process. Roger used three qualities that a good counselor should consider for clients in sessions. First unconditional positive regard is to meet the client where they are. Second genuineness is to share open honest communication and be vulnerable to the client, so the client can do the same.
For that reason, the counselor should refer to the code of ethics for additional support. The counselor should have ethical and legal considerations when using research in counseling it is for the protection of the client. It is important to know what the population the counselor will be working to see if the research will be effective if there will be any barriers for the client. The responsibility of the counselor is to collect the proper pre and post-test of the client to show a difference when they first started therapy when they finished. It is also important to
Therapist who practice this approach are trained to define, identify, and understand multicultural issues in order to treat clients. When a professional counselor works with a client from a different cultural background, the counselor needs to define differences such as religion, gender, family, history, and sexual orientation between client and counselor. In addition, identifying differences require techniques including body language, eye contact, and open ended questions. In some cultures directness is considered impolite (Delaware University, 2014). Acknowledging and considering these differences is essential to establishing a trusting therapeutic relationship.
The first one is the fact that people cannot be think as separate from their relationships. Since relationships are one of the core factors in our life, it would be inevitable to be effected by them in different ways. The way we chose to deal with these relationships may be maladaptive and we need to learn a better way of dealing. PIT enables the therapist and patient to work on the present feelings and thoughts, which may arise in current therapeutic relationship. Even if these feelings and thoughts appears in the therapy sessions, they are also patterns of thinking and feeling in real life settings.
Narrative therapy is used by many therapists as a basis for various interventions such with individuals, families and communities. Narrative therapy is viewed as a collaborative form of therapy which works to identify the competencies, skills and expertise that a client shares in their personal narrative. Clients are considered separate entities from their problems. The strategy is to lower resistance and defenses and allows clients to address these issues in a more productive and creative manner. Externalizing the problems helps set a positive therapy discourse moving negative communication to more accepting, non-judgmental, and meaningful exchanges.
To prevent guilt and shame, a therapist that uses narrative therapy tend to shun away from diagnosis because of the possible labels that society places on them (Shaylee & Brownlee, 2007). The labels may keep the family from improving (Shaylee & Brownlee, 2007). One of the most important factors of narrative therapy An essential element of narrative therapy is making sure that the counselor helps the client recognize his or her strengths by encouraging the family to meditate on them (Shaylee & Brownlee, 2007). For example, the counselor may recognize that Helen is the commitment that she has towards relationships.
Discuss how counselling uses an inter-disciplinary approach to helping with examples. “Counseling is a professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals” (American Counselling Association 2010). Counselling is a process of engagement of two people one who is professionally trained to help and the other is the seeker of help, to identify the solution of the problem underlying through purposeful conversations. Counsellor does not give advices or control his/her clients rather helps them to think more broadly about the issues in a free environment. It works on the principle of choices and unconditional positive support.
Once the therapeutic relationship is established in emotionally focused therapy the therapist can move on to the second task of assessing the relationships specifically focusing on patterns and cycles of behavior in the relationships (Greenberg & Johnson, 1988, p.72). The first part of the assessment process is to discuss what each partner thinks the problem is and what the goals are for therapy (Greenberg & Johnson, 1988, p.72). The therapist wants to understand each person’s role in the relationship and the reactions to different behaviors. These experiences are validated whenever possible through the therapist creating a safe environment (Greenberg & Johnson, 1988, p.72). It is important to validate what the clients are saying without making the other partner feel that they are not
This strategy attempts to find common ground with the client through discussion and active listening (Kensit, 2000). Moreover, for the counselor to be genuine and hold unconditional positive regard for the client, they have to be nonjudgmental, sympathetic, and empathetic towards their client, no matter how their worldviews differ (Kensit, 2000). Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), takes on a different form using a philosophical bend to address the cognitive and behavioral issues of the client (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). In the counseling sessions, the client and counselor typically focus on a set of problem and create therapeutic goals based on the client’s values (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). After these problem areas have been address the counselor would then be interested in evaluating the core beliefs of the client and determine if they are causing more deep rooted problem areas (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley,
More specifically, in such cases involuntary hospitalization may be the only solution in order to reassure that the client will not harm or kill themselves. Therefore, the mental health professional has to inform and explain to their client before therapy starts, about the limits of confidentiality, namely that it will have to break if the clients express any suicidal thoughts or attempt to harm themselves or another person. However given the importance of these situations, it is essential the therapist evaluate effectively clients’ condition and certainty of their statements and act according to the principle of client’s beneficence (Isaacs & Stone,
It is crucial for a therapist to present a safe, peaceful and nonjudgmental environment to gain the trust of the client. When working with a crisis client, the therapist may have more of a challenge to obtain eye contact whereas a client that is not in crisis may feel ashamed. There is always a level of uncertainty with both the therapist and client in the first few initial meetings. The client may be wondering if they will be judged or accepted. Vulnerability is
It is important for adolescents to feel that obtaining abstinence and attending the necessary sessions for treatment will be beneficial to them. Relationship, refers specifically to the client-therapist relationship. Ms. Heissenbuettel stated that the relationship between the client and the counselor that is assisting them is crucial for their treatment plan. She stated that the Guidance Center goes as far as finding special links about each patient with the specializations of each mental health professional to ensure that a team based on the needs of the client is put together to help them progress successfully through treatment. Last is the empowerment and social context area for engagement.
When you are in a helping position, like a counselor or social worker, it is your job to provide a safe place and to help the person that has come to you for your advice. In some situations, in my opinion your client came to you and you want to trust each other, so with having a contract that says you will not break any boundaries is saying that this person is already bad in your eyes. That is just a concern that I may have if faced with having to set up a boundary list. But while having
One common thing each article involved was that it related directly to HE321 health counseling and the curriculum we covered in class. Mental health does not only affect individual but it affects our society as a whole. As a counselor you must help clients with issues from depression to substance abuse and help clients not only overcome their challenged but develop into healthier human beings mentally as well. Each article was articulated, well balanced and well supported with evidence. Each article also integrated CBT and a client centered approach in a clinical setting in order to create the opportunity for clients to develop skill needed to prevent relapse and treat their problems with substance abuse.
Psychotherapy theories provide a framework for therapists and counselors to interpret a client’s behavior, thoughts, and feelings and help them navigate a client’s journey from diagnosis to post-treatment. Theoretical approaches are an understandably integral part of the therapeutic process. As an upcoming vocational rehabilitation counselor I found myself pondering with so many different methods out there, how do you know which counseling approach works best for each client. Actually I found myself using a holistic approach various elements of different theories. In becoming a vocational rehabilitation counselor, I would like to be skilled in using the techniques and psychotherapy tools best suited for each particular client.