They tend to have poor social skills, low self-esteem, anger and higher rates of depression and anxiety. It is due to independence is discouraged; children are taught to follow rules rather than taking initiatives. They are not taught how to think. This lack of independence, both emotional and physical, can eventually result in low self-esteem. Nevertheless, the kids often experience increased anxiety.
Lead In: Cultural conflict in a family can lead to many events that can affect a child’s life. The child may become confused on what life to live or how to live it, especially when their goal is to ultimately make their parents proud. The child will also have a hard time growing up as he or she tries to figure out what path to choose regarding culture. Cultural conflict though, can make a person become stronger and give them a sense of being their own person II. Introduction Paragraph 2 Overview and Background
Erikson was highly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory of Development. Although, at first Freud was limited to childhood based on the phallic stage, Erikson focused on developing a lifespan theory. The eight stages are as followed: Trust vs. Mistrust (infancy): The basic and fundamental psychological task is for infants to develop a sense that their needs will be met by the outside world. Is their caregiver responsive, reliable, and willing to meet their needs? That basic trust is facilitated by a responsive caregiver once an infant gets hungry, injured, or needs to be changed.
Erikson 's theory suggests that every human being passes through several distinct and qualitatively different stages in life, from birth to death. He is best-known for this theory and the concept of the identity crisis. The key idea in Erikson 's theory is that the individual faces a conflict at each stage, which may or may not be successfully resolved within that stage. For example, he called the first stage 'Trust vs Mistrust '. If the quality of care is good in infancy, the child learns to trust the world to meet her needs.
Erikson believed that each crisis depends on the interactions between the individual and the social environment as family and culture construct
However, should the care be punishing or unpredictable, then the infant will develop a sense of mistrust and will not have confidence in the world around them or in their abilities to influence events. This infant will carry the basic perception of mistrust with them into other relationships. It may result in anxiety, heightened insecurities, and a feeling of mistrust in the world around them. Langley, T.
Due to their not fitting in, the child could be ostracized and be deemed an outcast. A major part that contributes to social anxiety is the way one's peers react to and treat them. "… A review of the literature leads to the conclusion that individuals with the most severe forms of craniofacial deformities are at greater risk for experiencing social and psychological stress…" (Pruzinsky, 1992).
The infant is uncertain about the world in which they live during this stage. The infants look for their primary caregiver for stability and consistency of care to resolve those feelings of uncertainty. Success in this stage will result in the virtue of hope. For example, if the care has been harsh or inconsistent, unpredictable and unreliable, then the infant will develop a sense of mistrust
If this is nurtured, we grow up having a positive disposition about ourselves and towards others. The second life position results when a child is treated badly during childhood. He may view other people as “not okay” and as he grows up, he will continually prove to himself that others are not okay. This lack of trust for others can result to an individual failing to form intimate relationships.
Children who grow up with permissive parents tend to struggle academically and physically. They often have low self-esteem or self-trust and could gain a lot of sadness. They may build more behavioral problems as they will likely not appreciate authority and rules. Related to that, they are more inclined to doing illegal acts that could result to their being delinquents since they are not given proper