According to Avila (2014), the separation of people through a social division into some aspects for the purpose of discrimination but are not necessarily related to races is considered as Racial Discrimination. It is a form of discrimination when one is treated differently because of their race, skin color, and national or ethnic origin. Racial discrimination may occur in two ways. It can be directly or indirectly. An example of a direct racial discrimination is when one applies to a job and they
People differentiate male from female in such categories as traits, behaviors, physical characteristics, and occupations. Stereotyping becomes a negative component when it is used to develop prejudice and discrimination. Prejudice is defined by Merriam-Webster as ‘an irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, a group, a race, or their supposed characteristics; an adverse judgment, opinion, or leaning formed without just grounds or before sufficient knowledge’. These are preconceived
Discrimination is defined as a behavioral manifestation of negative attitude, judgment or unfair treatment towards members of one group ( Williams, Spencer, Jackson, 1999). Discrimination can also be defined as any behavior, judgment or action that creates and encourages relations of oppression or conditions that marginalize or exclude the lives of those who are discriminated (
They fight for their own rights and interests and named themselves as ' 'transgender '. Transgender people is have a gender identity or gender expression that different from their assigned sex. In fact, the meaning of ' 'transgender ' ' and what problems their face are more than we imagine. In society, transgender have socially discriminatory and unfairly treated, that create great difficulties in their daily life. Because of the sexism, society have negative stereotypes of men and woman, feel disgust and discrimination based on the gender differences rather than the advantages and disadvantages of transgender.
It occurs when a person is treated with disadvantageously due to their sex. One of the places that practise gender discrimination commonly is in the labour force. A job applicant may face discriminatory hiring practices or treatment when looking for a job. According to Becker (1957) in Fugueiredo M’s (2013) research, gender discrimination in the labour market is defined as A premium required to work with, buy from or employ a member of the group one discriminates against when that person is, except for group membership, identical to other individuals who are not discriminated against. The supply of members of that group and the distribution of preferences among the majority generate the observed outcome of market discrimination.
However, LGBT discrimination (e.g., employment discrimination) is still an ongoing social issue. Various literatures exist to support the argument that sexual minorities are disadvantaged and subject to employment discrimination. This arises from the negative stereotypes and heterosexual dominance, which is linked to poor psychological well-being. According to Mize (2016), the vulnerable group experiences different forms of workplace discrimination such as, job rejection and termination. Other studies have reiterated this finding and expanded the list to include: verbal harassments (e.g., threats, negative comments, and inappropriate jokes), physical harassments, sexual harassments, denial of promotions, and untrue performance appraisals.
It is being proven by professionals that sexism towards women in the workplace is being shown through various forms of discrimination in policies, its effects on women’s health and jobs, and the leading solutions that seem to be arising from it. Women in today’s workforce have been stigmatized in an unfair and unjust way that has been causing discrimination towards them over the years. The stigma towards women consists of very general stereotypes that undermine their capabilities and strength. Margaret Mead
The next part will mainly focus on the MBTI test in recruitment, team compositions and performance evaluations based on articles. Afterwards my opinion will be given. MBTI test & recruitment Besides having any knowledge of the MBTI results of a candidate, the personality of a candidate will be important when making a hiring decision. A new employee can change the atmosphere at the workplace by having a dynamic personality and can contagion others, which will lead to higher moral and increase productivity. Therefore it is necessary as a recruiter to hire the most suitable candidate that will have a positive influence through its skills, learning ability and most important his/her personality (Ogallo, 2014).
The advantage of diversity in the workplace are: increased productivity, increased creativity and problem solving, attract and retain talent that add a competitive edge to any organization, help to improve the communication skills that bring the new idea in hospitality, applying managing cultural diversity would be draw rein and the last things is to created a satisfied diverse customer base by relation to people from different countries (10). From Frédéric Rozé: “diversity fosters creativity. We need to generate the best ideas from our people in all levels of the company and incorporate them into our business practies. (11)” There are 48% to strongly agree a diverse and inclusive workplace is crucial to encouraging different perspectives and ideas that drive innovation (11). About the manage of cultural diversity is to help respectful of their clients’ cultures, provides valuable information to observe the markets and help to define products that work for their regions or demographics (11).
According to the London School of Economics and Political Science (2015), The types of harassment are wide-ranging and complex. Racial Harassment includes undesirable remarks or inappropriate questions regarding racial or ethnic origin. Personal Harassment includes making fun of personal backgrounds or appearance due to lack of tolerance of personal differences. There is also harassment on grounds of sexual orientation which includes include homophobic remarks or jokes, threats to disclose sexuality and intimate questions about sexual activity. Another form of harassment is harassment of disabled people which includes undermining the dignity of people with disabilities.