Responsibilities to Community and Society As an early childhood educator, we are required to equip the community with programs that meets the varied needs of families, as well as assisting in the expansion of programs in the community that are not yet available. We are also obligated to collaborate with professional companies that have a part in caring for children, as well as assisting families in obtaining connections to those companies. (Gordon & Browne, Code of Ethical Conduct: Ethical Responsibilities to the Community and Society, 2005). This helps to increase the development of a child centered society. The ideals and principles below describe the shared work between the individual early childhood educator, and the educator that is collectively interested in the best interests of children.
The influence of environment (poverty and social economic status) on child development The social environment in which a child grows up has a big influence and effect on the child’s development with regards to their schooling, in particular. Poverty and social economic status (SES), both have an impact a child’s academic achievement. Poor academic achievement and participation are closely correlated with a low social economic status, poverty and inconsistent family life (Dubensky, 2006). This essay will look at this theory by mainly focusing on Bronfenbrenner’s ecological framework and how it applies to the theory that development and environmental circumstances coincide. Bronfenbrenner was born in Russia, on the 29th of April 1917 and died on the 25th of September 2005 (Hook, 2009).
Child health assessment and interaction model is developed to assess the mother –infant interaction with the environment. Toddlers’ behavior is influenced by the caregivers and the environment in which they live. Here this model is used to assess the behavioral problems of toddlers. Positive aspects in the interaction of child ,caregiver and environment such as availability of grand parents to look after the child, adequate family income, ability to interact with children of same age group and neighbors produces healthy and growth promoting behavior in the child whereas negative aspects like care by nonparents, attending day care or play school ,congested home or day care environment , health problems of caregiver result in unhealthy or growth
This system also helps us see the relation between cause and effect. As a child we are put into situations and standards out of our control and the ecological system helps us understand how one situation can affect another and is a foundation to
Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological systems theory developed by Urie Bronfenbrenner is one of the approaches in developmental psychology that explains how individuals’ relationships with others and with the environment affect their development. Bronfenbrenner classified one’s contexts of development into five subsystems- the microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosystem, the macrosystem and the chronosystem. According to Bronfenbrenner, the systems are like circles within circles. (Bronfenbrenner, 1994) The microsystem, the innermost part, refers to interactions, activities and behaviours experienced by the child in the immediate context. For example, settings like family, school and neighbourhood.
It is about the interactions between two different parts of a person 's microsystem. The mesosystem is where a person 's or individual microsystems does not function independently, but are interconnected and assert influence upon one another. One aspect of child 's mesosystem would be the relationship between child or person’s parents and teachers. Parents usually take an important role when it comes to a child’s school, such as being available when they are called up for parent/teacher consultations and they can also volunteer in helping a teacher in a classroom activities. This will encourage a child to build up a positive impact on his/her development because the different elements of his/her microsystem are working together to make a child understand.
As the infant develops more security, the proximity of caregiver will be a safe zone for him/her to explore around them. The key behind this theory is that the early bond that develops between caregiver and child influences expectations about how the world works and how people are supposed to behave and interact. They further emphasized that mental representations that the infants form are
The attachment theory of John Bowlby has had an enduring impact on our understanding of child development. This study of Bowlby’s attachment theory allows us to understand more thoroughly how society and culture in constructing child rearing practices have a profound impact not only on the child but on the entire learning life of that individual. Attachment theory provides us with a lifelong learning project that brings together deep psychological patterns. Knowing that Bowlby does not do justice to the social and cultural factors that impact on development. At the core of a critical adult learning theory it is necessary to imagine how the cultures and societies, in which we live, interact with and influence the ways in which people relate
Although all the children will have similar chronosystems and macrosystems, each child’s microsystem, mesosystem and exosystem will be exponentially diverse. Understanding each child’s individual profile would help me to better comprehend the child’s behaviours, quirks and personality. Knowing the child’s ecological profile could help me to better point out a child’s challenges and talents and the reasoning behind it. I have come to realize that each child reacts to me differently because of their history, meanwhile I react to each of them differently due to
Attachment Theory states that a strong emotional and physical attachment to at least one primary caregiver is critical to personal development (Dun, Craig p.136). Having a strong attachment to the primary caregiver provides a sense of security and a solid foundation for the child. This theory is the stepping stone to Erick Erickson’s second stage of psychosocial development. During this phase, autonomy vs shame and doubt, a child will have the natural tendency to branch out from the primary caregiver. Children, if permitted to, will develop their own desires, abilities and self-esteem, ideas and thoughts through autonomy.