"Now I know what 's wrong with me, I 'm just a wire mother." This woman 's parenting style is most likely an authoritarian parent. Meaning, she is harsh and doesn 't give her children much say in what goes. When she says that she is "a wire mother", she 's communicating the fact that, she isn 't giving her children that comfort that they need from her. The wire mother offered no comfort to the infant monkey. The result is that the infant monkey is weak and unhealthy. Unlike the wire mother, the cloth mother was made out of soft, embracing cloth. She offered comfort to the infant monkey. The result was the infant monkey grew to be happier, healthier and stronger.
In the article, “Boys vs. Girls: Who’s Harder to Raise”, on Parenting.com, by Paula Spencer, the author looks at differences in gender in specific categories, in determining who is more difficult to raise. The author makes generalizations about boys and girls behavior based on her own personal experiences and challenges of raising boys and girls. She focuses specifically on differences in discipline, physical safety, communication, self-esteem and schooling. For each category, she states which gender is harder to raise. Her statements are biased based on her own experiences and stereotypically specific to American culture. Spencer maintains a primarily biological (“nature”) perspective as the primary cause of a child’s behavior and development.
Daycare can have a positive effect on a child’s development of peer relationships through letting children negotiate learning and allowing the emotional knowledge which will strengthen throughout their lifetime.
Chapter nine’s outline consisted of 1. What are three views of the cognitive changes that occur in early childhood? 2. How do young children develop language? And 3. What are some important features of young children’s education? Piaget’s theory and Vygotsky’s theory and their difference of opinions were interesting to compare. Piaget’s theory that children develop their thinking and understanding through their actions with the physical world compared to Vygotsky’s theory that children develop their thinking and understanding through their social experiences I think social experiences have a higher influencing factor on a child’s development. “Buds” and “Flowers” Vygotsky referred to these two items as how children develop by having interaction
There are many aspects of society that can be compared when doing an analysis of three cultures: socio-economic statuses, occupations, fertility rates, diets, religions, economics, and politics are few among many. Education, and particularly early childhood education, is a fascinating topic to study when conducting a comparison because it has elements of all traits and greatly mirrors the values of the culture of that which it is present, “Preschools are sites where a variety of domains, interests, and social actors intersect. Preschool is where child rearing meets education; where the world of parents and home first meets the world of teachers and school” (Tobin, Hsueh, & Karasawa, 2009, p. 2). According to Tobin, Hsueh, and Karasawa (2009),
Two theories that will be discussed in this paper is Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development and John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment. Erikson’s theory is considered psychosocial, emphasizing the importance of social and cultural factors within a lifespan, from infancy to later adulthood. Erikson’s theory is broken down into eight consecutive age-defined stages. During each stage, a person experiences a psychosocial crisis that contributes to their personality development. Erikson was highly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical Theory of Development. Although, at first Freud was limited to childhood based on the phallic stage, Erikson focused on developing a lifespan theory. The eight stages are as followed:
According to (King, 2008), child development involves in two theories which is nature and nurture. “The term nature refers to an organism’s biological inheritance. The term nurture refers to an organism’s environmental experiences”. The collaboration of nature and nurture, heredity and environment, influences every aspect of mind and behavior in child
Child development degree programs appeal to students who wish to pursue careers that make a difference in the lives of children. Students learn everything about children's physical, emotional, social, and cognitive growth from infancy until adolescence, and how they develop within their surrounding social contexts. Students gain a clear understanding of social and behavioral sciences, the theories, major research findings, and research methods fundamental to the field of child development. In this annotated bibliography there are four source types that I discussed which are a scholarly journal article, a textbook, an academic text and a professional text.
Home is where it is said children grow and learn, it is a place where they find love, comfort, and care. It’s also a place where children feel safe. According to research home environment during children’s first three years can lead to poorer language development by age three. Later behavior problems, aggression, anxiety and depression, impaired cognitive development at age three. In the long-term effects the child may just stop school right after receiving a high school diploma and teen parenthood. The home environment can even affect a child’s brain development. A study has been done on young children with the results “ children have identified distinctive patterns of brain activity associated
Prenatal environment refers to the chemical balance and the presence of toxic substances inside a mother’s body and the physical environment refers to how good is the nutrition of a child and also to the exposure in risky conditions that might lead to a disease and etc. The social and cultural environments refer to the formation of relationships, morals, values and norms within a child’s system. Moreover, learning environment refers to the stimulation that a child gets from its environment e.g. parents, caregiver and school.
Language skill is one of the milestone achievements of the first two years of life. Children are born with innate schema of communication, such as body language or facial expression to communicate with parents or caregiver.
What are socio-economic factors? According to Chase (n.d.) “Socioeconomic factors are the social and economic experiences and realities that help mold one 's personality, attitudes, and lifestyle.” The environment in which we live can shape a child’s growth. For instance, Genie’s story provides a great example of how the environment impacts physical and mental growth in children. “Genie 's case was one of the first to put the critical period theory to the test” (Genie: The Story of the Wild Child, 2015). This essay will analyze Genie’s circumstances and identify the socio-economical factors that impact physical and motor development.
Having the right knowledge, skills and experience in understanding how children or young people develop are very important tools for early years practitioners. We must put to mind that each child born into this world is unique.
The environment can significantly impact psychological factors that affect children’s attitude and behavior. According to the CDC (2013), it can be difficult for children to make healthy foods choices and participate in physical activity when they are exposed to environments in their homes, child care centers, schools, or communities that do not support and promote a healthy lifestyle. The environment refers to the “social, biological, and physical circumstances surrounding a defined quality-of-life, health, or behavioral goal or problem” (Green, & Kreuter, 2005, p. G-3). A child’s social up bring within his/her environment can have a substantial effect on their QOL and can increase their chance
Groark, C., McCarthy, S. & Kirk, A. (2014). Early child development: From theory to practice [Electronic version]. Retrieved from: