Why Are Women Paid Less? —— It Is Not an Issue Only About Discrimination That Simple According to a survey by North American Industry System(NAICS), based on average wages, all workers in 2014 including full-time and part-time, women earned just 75.3% compared to men. As more and more women enter the labor market, this issue is increasingly attached great importance, and whether this issue relates to discrimination is the biggest concern. In his article, Mark Perry, the professor of economics and finance, argues if the gender wage gap is caused by discrimination. In his opinion, simply claim that women are paid less due to discrimination is “fundamentally misleading” and “economically illogical.” There are more factors that affects this issue.
Studies now show that the Equal Pay Act passed in the United States in 1963 to abolish gender based salary differences is not being enforced as women continue to earn less than their male counterparts in the same field (Campos,2015). Moreover,black women have to struggle with diversity on top of inequality. The situation is worse in developing countries where progress is impeded by cultural beliefs and practices regarding women where they are asscociated more with domestic chores for example. Even with more women taking up roles in leadership, business and politics today, many more continue to face dicrimination during hiring and promotions as well as salary disparities. Historical and Contemporary Aspects Originally, women were more involved with domestic work and still are especially in developing countries.
This conflict is maintained when individuals have children: contrasted with women without children, those with kids are more probably to be unemployed or to work less hours, whereas men demonstrate the opposite pattern such that those with kids work more hours and are more probably to be employed (Kaufman & Uhlenberg, 2000). In endeavors to juggle these work–home conflicts women take part in a variety of responses including taking sick days ,taking leaves of absences, finding part-time employment, and departure the labor force altogether(Hewlett, 2002). These responses cause in women having to some degree less work experience, continuity, and development than men thus contributing to the leadership gap. This conflict between work outside and inside the house is exacerbated by the un-family-friendly structure and culture of the work environment where both express and express standards require long hours, forbid adaptability, and frequently request travel and even relocation (Bravo,
These changes were a brave start, but women in America still had a long journey to go, and many remained unemployed housewives due to the sexism glorified by the public and popular women’s magazines. In the twenty first century, it is socially acceptable for women to become doctors, scientists, or hold almost any occupation a man would. As of 2013, 74 percent of women are “active in the U.S. workforce,” (Kurtz). Although a women 's place in society has come a long way, there are still many injustices between the genders. In the United States, some jobs only pay women eighty four percent of what their male counterparts make for working the exact same job (Friedman et al.).
Roughly 3-in-10 working women with a postgraduate degree (29%) say they have experienced repeated small slights at work because of their gender, compared with 18% of those with bachelor’s degree and 12% with less education. Female faculties believe they are hindered both professionally and personally by the systematic institution’s policy and perspective. In order to foster and promote the value of female faculty, we need to cultivate awareness in regards to the perception of all faculties, especially women, that they can reach their highest potential within the
Women were treated like property and got little to no respect.Women should be treated equal to men. There was a surge for jobs during The Industrial Revolution, so this meant women were starting to work in the factories with men. For some women it was hard to get jobs, others getting a job came easily. “The rich had more to give, but they didn’t, so the poor suffered a lot more.”(The Industrial Revolution: Communism, Socialism, and Women 's Suffrage). It was already hard for women, but if they were poor it was even harder for them to get a good
Sandberg uses statistics to show that highly trained women are drooping out of the workplace at a rapid place because of the fear they have their male opponents. She also focuses on the absence of ambition among females in the labor pool and why women in today 's culture are fearful of being ambitions. Factors that cause a so called "leadership ambition gap" are discussed along with why women feel devalued within a professional
In spite of the fact that woman make up half of the employees in large corporations, still a notion of women 's inequality to men always consist. However, we can surely say women take high-positions in society than before. From history we know that all women did not have right for vote, to work, go outside in clothes they like. They just considered to be servant and take care after their child. But now everything has changed.
Moreover, women engaged in low paying jobs. It is at the onset of World War II that women took higher positions. It was a replacement of the positions left by men. The number of women in the workforce has increased year after year with some traditional beliefs regarding women gradually changing. However, the issue of gender inequality is still evident in some places.
Thus, the debate is on the table. Why are women paid less? There is a key difference between women and men when someone of them is hired is the wage. Eurostat says “gender pay gap is an important indicator used within European employment strategy to monitor imbalances in wages between men and women” (Bezzina). The data obtained from the