The Wage Gap The wage gap affects women from all backgrounds, ages, and all levels of educational achievements. The wage gap existed since women started achieving their careers and having jobs. In most countries today women are considered less important than men, consequently they are being looked down upon when it comes to how much money they should be entitled to. Each and every year women are being ripped-o ff of millions of dollars due to the Wage Gap. As a result families and businesses suffer. In this paper I will explain why the Wage gap exist between the sexes, how the Wage Gap affects women, and ways that can be used to close the Gap. There are a number of reasons why the Wage Gap exists between men and women. However women earn …show more content…
Although women and men still work in different careers they still predominate in different fields. Notably, within the same company women predominate in lower value and lower paid jobs. Women often work in health education or customer service where the work is lower valued and lower paid than those fields that are dominated by men. According to a census conducted in the United States of America in 2004 “ This gap has been static, as women have consistently earned only 77 percent of what their male counterparts earn..”(U.S Census 2004) Additionally, segregation is frequently tied to traditions and stereotypes. Even though in some cases this may reflect personal choices, traditions, and stereotypes still carry much weight for example, this is evident in the choice of educational path and professional careers young women choose. According to renowned economist Francine Blau and Lawrence Khan “about half of the gender wage gap in the economy is due to job segregation.” (Blau, Khan, Furthermore, women experience greater difficulties than men when it comes to leveling the field of work and private life. This …show more content…
In the United Kingdom legislation related to gender inequality was first seen in the Sex Disqualification or Removal Act in 1919. “This piece of legislation made it illegal to for women to be denied or removed from their jobs because of their sex or marriage.” (Townsend-Smith 1986) According to Townsend Smith in a book on Sex Discrimination in Employment stated. “ In 1921 only 8.7 percent of married women in employment; by 1951 this had increased to 21.7 percent.” (Townsend-Smith, 1986) Also in the 1950s international action were starting to take on the issue equality of the sexes in employment around the world. To address this matter, the International Labor Organization, The United Nations responsible for setting internationally recognized labor standards, passed the Convention 100 on Equal Remuneration. Similar strides were also being made Rome and other countries. In February 1993 the U.S. Congress passed the Family and Medical leave Act. This bill was later signed by President Bill Clinton, making it law. This was to ensure protection for American families and American women. The act required employers to provide twelve weeks of leave for parents of new born and others who have family with care giving
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Currently, gender inequality, although less than before, still exists, for example in wage gaps. “The gender gap in paid work is narrowing, but women still do most of the domestic work and child care… all of which is low-waged labor” (Lorber, 2001, 6). Many expectations for male and female roles, especially in religious customs, continue to exist and “legitimate the social arrangements that produce inequality, justifying them as proper” (Lorber, 2021, 6). Women are somewhat encouraged to work more “feminine” jobs which is causing many women to continue working in more low-paying, domestic jobs. However, there are still many, and a growing increase in successful women working high-paying jobs, inspiring more women to do the
Multiple studies have been done to figure out the root of why the wage gap exists and what can be done to fix it. Many believe the Equal Pay Act is not strong enough and more action needs to be taken at the federal level to close the gap. Moreover, many states, such as California, have taken it upon themselves to enact laws that will attempt to close the wage gap between men and women once and for
The 19th amendment was one of the most important turning points in history for the millions of women who fought for their rights to vote. Back then, they had no self representation other than from their husbands and fathers. Until 1920 when the 19th amendment was passed, that moment was a huge change for women then, and still today. Women wanted to get the same respect as any other male. Many of the women were well educated and were still denied the right to vote.
Paragraphs will be ordered in terms of topic, rhetoric analysis, evidence, collaboration between results to embody my argument and to provide contributing factors and there effect on a universal standpoint to the ethos of women (religion, maternal implications, upbringing, geographic location). A contributing factor leading to gender inequality and segregation in the workforce is geographic location. This refers to the general identification and location of individuals and or data (Jones, 2015) and no matter where you are based in the world, there will always be gender inequality and segregation in the workforce. Pay gaps across such a place as the America, has seen a difference of 77% between men and women in pay. This means that women get roughly 77cents per dollar less than the average white man across the country (Casserly, 2015).
Research shows wage gaps are solely a product of the choices of the second party. Woman have chosen what level of education they wish to pursue, the fields they wish to be in, and where they work. When looking back at a censuses of the early-to-mid 1900’s the majority of working women worked at small enterprises rather than booming companies: large Firms pay at higher rates, their payout going predominantly to males of the working class (Rubenstien, Michael Harvey). When taken under the scope, large enterprises rejected woman workers, and if they did hire, the lady’s income would be significantly smaller. Consequently, companies would deny the reason being that they were of a different sex, and rather blame it on how little education the skill the person had, “Frequently, even when given raises, their new pay still comes short of that of their male coworkers.
The impact the women's movement has had on the wage gap The women's movement is a social, political, and economic movement that sought equal rights and opportunities from the 1960s through the present day. The movement touched on many issues addressing women, such as reproductive rights, workplace equality, domestic violence, sexual harassment and assault, and unequal pay. While the women's rights movements have annually reduced the wage gap, professions with higher social relevance still yield less income for women, even though increased labor forces and equal pay marches have pushed them to seek higher responsibility and respect in society. The wage gap has decreased over recent years, but it persists nonetheless. The wage gap is the
The underlying problems concerning the gender wage gap, need to be brought to the forefront of the government. America has improved drastically regarding women’s equality, but there are important issues with stereotyping and assuming women are not as proficient as men in certain occupations, that leaves this nation flawed. These matters can be resolved by setting stipulations into major
The gender wage gap is outrageous. That gap is still significantly large in America, despite efforts that have been going on for decades to eliminate it. Women simply receive substantially less than men in this country. They are being discriminated against, and there is so much evidence to prove this. We cannot let them dismiss the evidence any longer.
The gender pay gap is a significant issue in the United States because it promotes institutional and internal sexism and the unfair treatment of human beings. An infamous statistic about the wage gap has been the 77 cent statistic, stating that for every dollar a man earns, a woman earns 77 cents. The statistic is calculated by, “...dividing the median earnings of full-time, year-round, working women by the median earnings of full-time, year-round, working men, all rounded to the nearest $100” (Glynn 2). This, however, represents males and females from all occupations, causing opponents to argue that, because it does not represent the gap between people who have the same job, a wage gap does not exist. Nonetheless, multiple studies have proven that a gender pay gap does exist within the United States.
Gender roles have changed exceptionally over time. For example, women used to be expected to stay at home and raise their families while the men worked. Nowadays, however, most women work alongside men in the exact same positions. Nonetheless, gender roles have not changed in the aspect that men still get payed a significant amount more than women in the same
It may be 2018, but the gender pay gap is still here, why is that? Women have been and still are getting a lower pay than men to do the same job. Women are doing equal if not more work, but somehow make less. The following paragraphs will explain what is happening today like the fact that over time men 's pay increases more than women 's does. Besides that I will also mention that not just white women make less than men other cultures make even less than them, and I also will share real people speaking up about them being paid less than men.
The consequences of the wage gap on society are various and don 't just influence women. Gender segregation at work confines financial development, builds poverty and negatively affects the riches and prosperity of families. Over the years measures have been taken to close the Gender Wage Gap but it
The gender pay gap is the difference between earnings made by men and earnings by women. The Gender pay gap is generally due to various reasons, such as differences discrimination in hiring process, differences in negotiations for pay, differences in education choices, differences in the jobs men can go compare to women can’t easily go for. Some factors that cause the gender pay gap: • Women leave and re-enter the workforce to meet their family and children expectations • Low pay for some jobs, like childcare due to historical trends that continue • Lower educational levels of women due to traditions • Discrimination in the hiring process, compensation and promotion at workplace.
We’ve reached the 21st century, and still women are facing gender bias. Women are facing problems at their work due to gender differences. These problems are of several types, some of which are at the phase before getting the job, in which a male applicant would have a higher possibility of getting the job rather than a female applicant. Other problems face women while they are employed; for example, they might get promoted at a slower rate of that of a man, might get a lower salary, or might be prevented from reaching high positions. This fact is referred to be the glass ceiling.
The United States is currently facing an economical problem that involves males and female differences within the workplace. Males are given bigger and sometimes even better rewards for doing equal amounts of work as their female counterparts. Females are frequently not receiving the same wage even if they can complete the same job of a male. Also, females are less likely to get promoted within their job if they are competing against a male. A source states, “Women are now more likely to have college degrees than men, yet they still face a pay gap in every single education level,