The processes of life and growth demand appropriate change with the passage of time. Since society changes, schools must constantly review and reassess their roles and curricula as “schools are the major institutes which play a vital role in bringing innovation in our society and culture”, Rashid, Hussain and Nadeem (n.d., p. 67). Managing change in schools so that things really do change for the better is a challenging task. Change is not easy. “Creative and effective organizations do not emerge by accident.
Review of literature Teachers represent the ideals and aspirations of the nation and owe to its moral and mental accountability for equipping youth for active participation in the enterprise of creating social order. Teachers have to demonstrate a high level of professionalism to meet the standard required by national policies. This aim can be realized by effective, brilliant teachers, teachers who are equipped with the training that has a direct bearing on the quality of life. The teacher is a pivot in the entire education system. As James (1977) states: In teaching, you must simply work with your pupil into such a state of interest in what you are going to teach him that every other object of attention is banished from his mind: then reveal
Baldwin (2001) avers it is your responsibility to change society if you think of yourself as an educated person. This quote reflects the duty and moral obligation of modern educators to attempt to eliminate prejudice in today’s classrooms. If the role of education truly is to produce a better society, then the teacher must accept the onus of responsibility for this huge undertaking. Lunenburg and Ornstein (2012) confirm teachers are change agents as they bridge the gap between theory and practice and are very influential in shaping the culture of a school. Similarly Ozmon and Craver (1999) affirm educators who practice a reconstructionist philosophy believe it is their duty to be a social activist.
Hidden curriculum turns up to be a way of transmitting the messages to the students about values, attitude, and principles. One of the main tasks of the hidden curriculum is to prepare pupils to involve in the life of a public sphere. In short, the hidden curriculum is even more important that the written one because it has a stronger and more effective influence to the students in many ways. It places an efficient role not only in a socialization process but in the moral education as well. Despite the hidden curriculum is the unintentional it requires a special teachers’ preparation.
Much of this research has been dedicated to the identification of factors that influence teachers’ career decisions. Through these research efforts, I had tried to identify various variables that contribute to or significantly influence teachers’ career decisions. Among these variables, administrative behaviors and leadership practices have been frequently and consistently linked to employee’s turnover in secondary education. Principal’s leadership style works as the key to success. Given the perceived importance of leadership and the central role administrators’ play in the effectiveness of their schools, it is not surprising that researchers in the field have dedicated themselves to investigating various leadership theories and the theoretical basis on which educational leaders base their leadership style and practices.
This self-efficacy positively affected the classroom environment, thereby positively affecting the students and their achievements. According to Nicholas A. Gage et. al (2018) classroom management practices have a direct impact on their students’ probability of success. His study suggests that classroom management and the engagement of the student is directly related, but simply identifying the classroom management strategy is not enough. We must find the most effective strategies to promote the most meaningful change in teacher behavior.
Teacher professional identity encompasses how teachers view themselves as a teacher and what they consider to be a good teacher. They should always be driven towards the growth of the children, enabling them to flourish, or as Aristotle said, helping them to reach a level of ‘eudemonia’ (Nodding, 2002). While one of the key roles of teachers is to inspire students, they should first be inspired themselves, or this passion and enthusiasm will not transfer into the classroom environment (Delaney, 2017). For example, some of the teachers at St.Aibherin’s may have a strong commitment to equality and this is why they choose to work in a DEIS band 1 school in such a diverse environment. In essence, effective teachers have good intentions and believe that what they are doing is making a difference i.e.
It is vital to prepare teachers who will lead as agents of socio-economic change in a democratic society. Becoming a Critically Reflective Practitioner A critically reflective teacher can prepare future teachers to be reflective and making the teacher preparation more meaningful and effective. So, it is essential to become reflective in the part of teachers. Bartlett (1990) points out that becoming a reflective teacher involves moving beyond a primary concern with instructional techniques and “how to” questions and asking “what” and “why” questions that regard instructions and managerial techniques not as ends in themselves, but as part of larger educational purposes. Asking “what and why” questions give us a certain power over our teaching.
A great responsibility lies on the shoulders of the teacher so it is compulsory to be educated, trained equipped them well with skills groom the future citizens. To improve the quality of education through different ways is the responsibility of government of Pakistan. One of the important way is considered teacher education. Teacher education is well-thought-out as the back bone of all the policies to improve the quality of education. In Millennium Development Goals improving the quality of teaching and learning in developing countries is the basic aim.
Education is a tool which makes us responsible, sophisticated and a capable citizen. Getting a good education is very important to success in life. Quality of education is very important because it is not only for utilizing our self but it can also improve other people’s live. Education is a wealth of knowledge which acquire from school, colleges and universities and an enlightening experiences. Attaining of education is necessary in today’s world.