According to Fullan (2003) everyone who works in education is familiar with the expression that teachers are key agents of change. It is universally accepted truth that teachers are mediators between learners and experience. However there is only some evidence to show that the implementation process in their practice is based on this truth. The current professional development place teachers at the receiving end of policy changes generated at national level. Teachers are treated as means to implement the education agenda set at national level, in the classrooms. They are rarely involved in the process of bringing an educational reform. Educational change can happen through teachers and school management and their interactions …show more content…
Moon (2005) defines reflection as a form of mental processing that a person use to fulfil a purpose or to achieve some anticipated outcome. It is applied to gain a better understanding of relatively complicated or unstructured ideas and is largely based on the reprocessing of knowledge, understanding and the emotions that a person already posses.
Dewey`s ideas provided a basis for the concept of reflective practice which gained influence with the arrival of Schon`s book “The reflective practitioner: how professionals think in action” (Schon, 1983). In this seminal work, Schon identified ways in which professionals could become aware of their implicit knowledge and learn from their experience. His main concern was to facilitate the development of reflective practitioners. He identified two types of reflection: reflection on action and reflection in …show more content…
Teachers play an important role as change agents in the school context. In order to fully realize the potential of teachers as change agents’ teachers need to be supported within the school and beyond. Johnson and Donaldson (2007) suggest following five critical supports for effective teacher leadership.
188.8.131.52) Shared vision: Teacher leaders and school leaders need to share the vision for change. A shared vision allows the teacher leaders to do the hard work of leadership and to advocate for change that is responsive to that vision.
184.108.40.206) Autonomy and trust: Teacher leaders need to be trusted to make decisions and empowered to lead change efforts related to the larger school vision. The principal can make it possible to lead by giving teachers lot of freedom and decision making power around issues of curriculum, instruction and professional learning.
220.127.116.11) Structure to support teacher teaming: Organizing teachers into professional learning communities through department or grade level teams and providing concrete structures such as common discussion time and meeting protocols opens up locations for teacher leaders to share their work, lead collaborative planning and facilitate discussions that promote
As a leader, he/she should know how to communicate with the decision makers as well as with the families of the students, and his/her faculty and staff. With the growing diversity of students within our school and community, as an educational leader I will need to be able to understand the relationship between social justice, school culture, and the community. I will determine what opportunities are available within our community, discuss with the stakeholders our beliefs, perceptions, and attitudes that will shape and influence the way our school will be run. I will have to learn how to recognize the differences of
Leaders have a deeper understanding and influence on schools by providing comprehensive leadership that targets and extends high standards. Another purpose is social responsibility and making a difference in children’s lives. Educational leaders of change focus on developing teachers both individually and collectively, school climate, parent and community ties (Fullan, 2015). Equally important, a change leader needs to close the achievement gap between high and low-performance schools. Change Leaders need to be: Engage, and practice Coherence: building relationships, and diverse knowledge
The second domain in the Florida Principals Leadership Standards is composed of three different standards. The first of these is Instructional Plan Implementation and is about how an effective leader must collaborate to develop and implement an effective instructional framework that aligns with the required standards and meets his/her students’ needs (“The Florida Principal,” n.d.). Due to the variety in options that are available to align instruction to a pupil, given that the instruction will be adjusted to his/her needs, I feel that the situational leadership approach will be able to be implemented in this situation to create better results as “different situations demand different kinds of leadership (Northouse, P., 2016). The different leadership styles that make up the Situational approach can be tied to this standard by connecting the necessary leadership style with the supportive and directive behaviors in the task that is performed. As an instructor, I will spend time in the S1 category of the Situational Leadership Model as I make use of a “common language of instruction”, spend time between the S1 and S2 categories by “communicate the relationships among academic standards” and by being engaged “in data analysis for instructional planning and improvement”.
2.a) The school Governors are volunteers who ensure a school is run efficiently, they work with the school to deliver good quality education, they set the schools aims and policies whilst working with the head teacher. They also make sure the schools budget is spent correctly and the building is being run well and safely. Senior Management Team (SMT) consists of the head teacher, deputy heads and the heads of the departments. They have a collective responsibility for the efficient daily running and discipline of the school, assisting the head teacher in leadership and management and is designed to allow strategic day to day responsibilities.
The ideal model of schooling for young adolescents is the middle school model. The middle school model allows for a smooth transition from elementary school to middle school. The model also takes into consideration the developmental needs of adolescents. The middle school model best fits the uniqueness of the young middle school learner.
Reflective practice is something that practitioners are encouraged to take part in. Reflective practice is the action of practitioners looking back on the service they have provided to see what they need to improve on in order to continue their professional development. Reflective practice makes sure that practitioners are always aware of their actions and can see when they need support or additional training. 'Reflection is the thought process where individuals consider their experiences to gain insights about their whole practice.' cited from https://www.hcpc-uk.org/globalassets/news-and-events/benefits-of-becoming-a-reflective-practitioner----joint-statement-2019.pdf at 14:13 on 20/02/2023.
What is reflection? Reflection is described as the process individuals use for self-development in their future career. The process of reflection has been used for many years in professional health fields such as midwifery and nursing (Lillyman. S & Merrix. P, 2012). Florence nightingale pioneered the practice known as reflection-on-practice, this is a tool that is needed in developing improvement and knowledge to enable an individual to grow in their nursing profession.
Reflective Practice in the Early Years Tools for Practitioners 1. Introduction “We do not learn from experience... we learn from reflecting on experience.” -John Dewey- You have probably heard the term “reflective practice”, but do you really know what this means?
As quoted from Dewey, he considered the root of reflection came from doubt, hesitation or perplexity related to a directly experienced situation. His ideas gave rise to the concept of “reflective practice”. This concept then gained influence with the arrival of Schon’s works (Finlay, L., 2008). Donald Alan Schon’s theory: A new activity usually starts off with application of knowledge, after which it becomes a familiar routine (knowing in action - constancy of our usual patterns).
In order to structure my reflection essay in a practical approach I have decided to use Gibbs Reflective Cycle (1988) model of reflection. This model has been selected as it helps to present the reflection in an easy and understandable manner, so the issues can be evaluated through different angles (Jasper, 2003:78). John 's (1995) model provides a good
Description Reflection is a necessary component in learning to regulate opinion, feelings, and actions. Reflection links experience and knowledge by providing an opportunity to explore areas of concern in a critical way and to make adjustments based on these reflections (Knowles Z., Tyler G., 2006). I will be using the Gibbs G (1988) Learning by Doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods (Davies S., 2012).
Schön (1991) presented the concept of 'reflection in action' and 'reflection on action'. “Reflection in action is the process whereby the practitioner recognises a new situation or problem and thinks about it while still acting.” (Burns and Bulman, 2000) First I will discuss reflection in action.
But put simply reflection is merely a process to; help us understand the links between what we do (what we can call our practice) and how we might improve our effectiveness (by developing our practice) (Ghaye, Tony 2010) Reflection was first introduced to me through the Microteaching facility. Here the reflection is based on three ten minute lectures, and incorporates personal, peer and expert
Teachers are the life-blood of school districts across the United States. They are masters of their specific grade-level content and work tirelessly to manage the learning and well-being of their students. Teachers are the academic leaders of the learning environment within their classrooms and collaborate with their students throughout the year in order to facilitate learning, and foster creativity and problem solving. However, over the last thirty years, teacher leadership has taken on a whole new meaning.