“Phidias constructed the building” stated Joshua. Joshua stated “Pericles spared no expense in construction of the acropolis and, especially the Parthenon hiring skilled architects. “The first stone was laid on July 28, 447 BCE” stated Joshua. He also stated “the acropolis was built to honor the goddess Athena and proclaim the glory of the city to the world.” Also Joshua stated the acropolis begin construction under the guidance of the statesmen Pericles.”
While both had governments that allowed citizens to vote, the real power in Rome was in the hands of the emperor. That the emperor was considered a god is reflected in the celestial aspects of the Pantheon. However, Greek society was a democracy and the Parthenon’s frieze indicated that all citizens would participate in the governance of their country. Although the two buildings have features in common, the Parthenon was the result of the culture expressing their democratic ideals, while the Pantheon illuminates the ideals of the republic of the Roman Empire.
Pericles, the author of the speech, was a general of Athens in the fifth century BCE. Often regarded as the greatest ruler of Athens and even all of Greece, Pericles fostered the famous democracy of Greece and supervised countless theater, statue, and infrastructure building projects. However, the majority of his rule occurred during the initial crumbling of Greece–the Peloponnesian War. In this deadly conflict between the city states of Athens and Sparta, both militaries fought for the title of the overarching ruler of the Mediterranean. Pericles gave this legendary speech after a major loss with the Spartans, in combination with funerals honoring the dead, hence the speech’s title.
Sparta has been romanticized in epic novels and colorful films, glorified on stage, and remembered for being the only, truly successful militant based oligarchy the world has ever known. While the Greeks of Athens are heralded for their philosophy, art, economic prowess, architecture and political brilliance, it is Sparta that has captured the imaginations of that time, and for good reason. The Spartan way should not be dismissed for its brutality and xenophobia, but defended for the uniqueness of its views on the importance of the state, and for the rational motives some of its parameters of governance should be, and in some ways, are followed today. It must be pointed out that the histories of Sparta were not penned with a Spartan hand, but
One of the most memorable and important pieces of architect from the Hellenistic Greek era would be the Altar of Zeus at Pergamon in western Turkey. The altar was commissioned in the first half of the second century (166- 156 BC) during the rule of King Eumenes II or Attalos II to commemorate territorial victories over Pontos and Bithynia. The Altar was also dedicated to Zeus and Athena in gratitude for their help in the war against the Galatians (aka: barbarians) that were threatening the Pergamane Empire from the east. The Altar of Zeus is very well known for its very grand design and also for it’s frieze, which wraps 370 feet around the base of the altar, depicting gigantomachy (the struggle between gods and the giants).
Not at all like the larger part of Roman sanctuaries, the Pantheon is devoted to the greater part of the Roman divine beings. Head Hadrian (A.D 117-138) developed the Pantheon to supplant Augustus' Commander Marcus Agrippa's Pantheon which consumed to the ground in 80 A.D. The
“At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst.” (Aristotle). Ancient Athens had many ways making them superior in not war, but economy and culture. Athens was a Greek city-state at the time 3000 BCE. They settled in an area called Acropolis.
Egypt is where an ancient civilization existed for thousands and thousands of years. During the ancient times, Egypt was part of the Roman Empire and one of the major world powers. Today, Egypt is the most populated country in the Arab world with about 94 million people living there. Nero: Nero reigned Rome from the year 54 to 68 AD.
The Odyssey: Developing the Plot of an Epic and Creating Love Through the Use of Similes The odyssey is an epic poem reflecting on the journey of its main character, Odysseus’s journey home from the Trojan war. Odysseus is a prestigious figure in ancient Greece after using his intelligence and wit to defeat the Trojans in the Trojan war. He is a well-spoken, quick thinking, determined, and respectful person all around, and uses his charm and knowledge to make his way home to Ithaca where his wife and son are. Although Odysseus is smart and reasonable, Athena, the goddess of knowledge, many of the other immortal gods, nymphs, and at some point, even the dead help Odysseus along his journey by providing him with information that would help him overcome things that he would have not if he had not gotten the
Define 18th century “Deism”: 34. The American Revolution was built on a republican form of government wherein sovereignty was located where? 35. Describe the majority of 1830’s textile workers in Massachusetts: 36. Describe the economy of the U.S. during the period between the Civil War & WWI: 37.
Made popular in light of Antigone, was chosen into high office, Pericles was the pioneer amid the era, was a dear companion of Pericles political adversary, however then he likewise got to be companions with Pericles. Sophocles needed to broaden majority rule government. Antigone had topics of custom versus nature that were impacted by occasions throughout his life. Sophocles was one of the immense three unfortunate dramatists and was very refined having composed 123 plays in his lifetime. The imperialistic part implied that there would be riches and influence to appreciate, yet this happiness likewise must be constrained by the law.