The idea of freedom in 1984 In modern politics, we are very accustomed to word such as “fake news.” Politicians use statistics and make statements that are not based in any facts, present them as hard evidence for their stances, and watch as people instantly believe what they say, simply because they are in a position of power. That is why George Orwell’s novel, 1984, is more relevant today than it ever has been before. In the past, people have viewed this novel as simply a story, a different look at how history could have been changed.
The types of the contents showed by the media affect the mass by a lot, especially since technology today is at the tips of our fingers. Controlled by certain few organizations, with certain types of message, it can manipulate people’s attitude and opinion (MB Oliver, S Ramasubramanian, Jinhee Kim, 2007). “The people will believe, what the media tells them they believe.” – George Orwell, an English novelist has never been any truer with this topic. The dangers of the media are portraying the stereotype group of races with specific type of jobs or roles in the movie, which can largely affect how we as a viewer think.
With the changes in media technology, some of these ethical values have come under fire. Consider the area of photography, where, with the computer photos can be manipulated to totally distort the truth. Not only journalists know this truth anymore, with social media, almost everyone knows how each one of us can manipulate a photo. With media, they usually manipulate what they know will suit the taste and trigger the masses, which they know will become a big issue. There is also a case wherein agenda setting comes wherein media only shows what they want people to see and think.
Cyberbullying is a whole new phenomenon that I consider to be fully attributed to the rise of social media sites. Other dysfunctions include identity theft, oversharing personal information and an overload of false or fake news spread to the masses. Lastly, I ‘d like to mention the relationships that are broken or ruined by misunderstanding posts to media sites, during the last election, for example, the users of certain sites dissolved relationships over differences of opinion and the posting of political opinions and the defending of those opinions, some “conversations” were quite mean and hurtful in
A frame is the set up and order of a new story, with the goal of influencing the audience to favor one side or the other. Biased media frame stories can drastically change the audiences’ views and will get their ratings up. Tim Groseclose of UCLA and Jeff Milyo of the University of Missouri at Columbia have said, “For every sin of commission we believe that there are hundreds, and maybe thousands, of sins of omission – cases where a journalist chose facts or stories that only one side of the political spectrum is likely to mention.” When thinking of the media you often think they are reporting accurate information. That is not always true.
Twitter, Facebook, Reddit and blogs became sources of information, not only for the public but also for the mainstream media. Mainstream media and social media can often be seen interacting with each other to dispel all this information around the world in real time. With all this information presented, it leads us to question the credibility of the information and news presented to us by the media. If a disaster happens or a crisis breakouts and information is flowing from different directions continuously and un- relentlessly, it is hard to monitor the truthfulness of information and hence its credibility is jeopardized. As a result, this false information is internalized by the citizens and taken as the truth which might lead to unintended
The recent phenomenon of “fake news” is an excellent example of the control and heavily influential impact that Corporations have on societies through media, which they exercise with ease. Although various sources report false facts, statistics, and figures, large portions of the population accept them as truth with no effort made to validate them. This blatantly false media in turn plays a large part in establishing the opinions and actions of the consumers, potentially impacting large-scale decisions such as the controversial 2016 U.S. Federal Election (Allcott p.212). From this example alone, it is clear that the media has a direct impact on the way that populations construct their opinions, bringing into question the amount of free will that the population as a whole even has. If Corporations control the media that populations ingest on a daily basis, and that media is what shapes the worldviews and lifestyles of those populations, then it is Corporations who are ultimately dictating the highly digitally integrated lives of those
Commenting something inappropriate could spread to many people's lives and could hurt lives in ways that people don’t know. Lastly, when a false notification goes around social media, it makes users believe the news and spreads all around social media and with that, the world. Social networking is not good for middle school
In the case of the United States’ fake news, authors have circulated stories both in print and primarily on social media, that reasonable and a plausible depiction of events at first glance, but do not reflect accuracy or truth in reality. While citizens of the United States are obsessed with individual image (both of self and of events and others), a cultural norm of laziness and acceptance of face value as truth has swept the nation. This is how fake news has flourished in the United States. Fake news has been largely centered around advancing the agenda of Donald Trump by securing his election as president of the United
Media bias is the bias or perceived bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media in the selection of events and stories that are reported and how they are covered. (political-science, 2016) Media bias refers to a widespread phenomenon that is opposite to the standard of journalism. It means that most journalists and news producers commonly report the events and news due to their preferences and personal perspectives, but not an individual one. Furthermore, the existence of the media bias is so common that it has involved a wild range of fields, such as Advertising Bias, Corporate Bias, Mainstream Bias, Sensationalism Bias and other types of bias.
Using massive quantitative analysis of Facebook, a 2016 research study observed similar information consumption patterns among users of varying political leaning, namely the tendency “to select and share content related to a specific narrative and to ignore the rest” (Watry). Catering to the confirmation bias inherent in individuals, this tendency in effect drives users away from dissenting views. The formation of isolated, like-minded groups overwhelmingly benefits pieces that are intentionally crafted to manipulate said groups, thus initiating a vicious cycle of polarization: echo chambers provide the perfect environment for “fake news” articles, which then embolden extreme ideologies and hateful remarks, which in turn creates an even more polarized political
This does not always happen intentionally, but different people take news in different ways and this opens up room for errors. By using social media as a medium, the news is easily twisted and it is very hard to distinguish the news whether it is real or not real. Therefore, the need of having real conversation or face-to-face communication is really important because of the trend in sharing information through social media has increased and
Language and the usage of words is arguably humanity’s most powerful tool. It allows for mere thoughts to transform into ideas that can be shared with multiple individuals, whether this is through verbal or nonverbal means. Because of their ability to influence the masses, some politicians have used very calculated communication techniques to manipulate public opinion to their benefit, causing many Americans to view them as deceitful and untrustworthy. Over time, these techniques have become harder to detect, blurring the already thin line between fact and fiction. As it happens, what is supposed to be politician’s casual and conversational speech is sometimes compared to a subtle form of modern day propaganda.
Hyper-partisan environment involves having a two-party system such as in the UK and in the USA, where two major political parties will dominate government and will swing from one party to another between the two with little contribution of the other parties. As a result of the rise in social media since the 20th century, fake news has become more and more popular due to this, and has led to people posting up false and misinterpreted information. In this essay, I will firstly discuss what fake news is and what the problems of it are. Then, a discussion will be made comparing America to North Korea and the difference standards both have in regarding freedom of speech and freedom of press.
Furthermore, journalists with strong ties to mainstream media gives negative publicity toward the Republican party while they give positive publicity towards the Democrat Party regarding to any event that happens between both parties. This reason alone not only divides communities throughout the country, it creates a group of people relied on the mainstream media too much where everything they say either on newspaper, TV, internet, or radio is 100% true. Thus, it creates what many people would label them as low informative
As nowadays, the social media are polluted by a lot of negative things such as pornography and fake information. Even though it had been a great tool for us but the social media carries too much risks of destroying ourselves. Their privacy is at risks once they enter the social media. Some even happened to be stalked by anonymous persons and finally the wicked people even follow their tracks, making their lives be endangered. Finally, without doubts I agree that the social media has a lot of bad effects and should be
With the use of social media, these fake stories may spread faster and to more people than the corrected, true information. Traditional media and journalism separate opinion and fact. Social media allows for anybody with an opinion to spread anything and disguise it as fact. This is a major issue as the spread of misinformation could dangerously alter the public’s perspective of a topical issue. However, to prevent certain opinions being spread could infringe on the right to free speech.
How and Why to Spot "Fake" News Name Institution Affiliation Date 1. If you had to help someone spot "fake news," what would you tell them? Choose a news article from a reputable media outlet and compare it to an online store that you know is fake. Fake news is a major trending issue especially propagated through the social networks and adopted by many individuals.
A factor affecting news source credibility is news bias, especially on the part of the journalist—which, in turn, results in news being biased. According to Herbert (2001), consumers of the media in today’s technological era have a higher tendency to question the source(s) of news, as well as whether or not that news is biased because of the easy accessibility of facts on the Internet today. This bias can encompass personalization, dramatization, and fragmentation of news sources as well as source bias (Bennett, 1988). Personalization of news is defined as when journalists turn news into “human interest accounts”, focusing more on a particular individual than the issue at hand. Dramatization of news is described as stories about events being
Digital images are used to illustrate facts, establish facts and used by the newspapers, magazines and social media to strengthen the perception. Also digital images are used as corroborative evidences in criminal investigation. So it is very much necessary to ensure the truth of what is being believed. The issue of forged images is not new, but technology advancement in hardware and software has made it easier and cheaper to manipulate an original image either to mislead the audience or to form a particular public perspective about famous personalities. Many instances (http://www.fourandsix.com/photo-tampering-history/, n.d.) have been reported in the past to justify the claim.