Solvent Essays

  • Solubility Of Solute In Solvents

    1703 Words  | 7 Pages

    In this paper, the research conducted will be on the solubility of a solute in a solvent. In everyday situations, solutions are created through solubility. Mixing sugar into our coffee in the morning is and example of solubility, in that we add enough sugar to our coffee to create a homogenous mixture. If more sugar is added to the coffee, to the point of the sugar no longer able to break down, we would no longer have a homogenous solution. Different variables can alter the amount required for a

  • Essential Oil Lab Report

    1394 Words  | 6 Pages

    methods such as steam and solvent extraction. Essential oils have been produced and used for different purposes for many centuries. There are signs that crude preparations

  • Organic Acid Lab Report

    933 Words  | 4 Pages

    Add 20 ml of solvent to the solution in the separatory funnel. b) Place the plastic stopper (NOT greased) in the neck of the funnel. Shake c) Drain the lower aqueous layer through the stopcock into the same 250 ml beaker in which the solution had been prepared in steps above. d) Pour the upper solvent layer through the neck of the funnel into a clean 125 ml Erlenmeyer flask. Return the aqueous solution from the 250 ml beaker to the separatory funnel. Add another fresh 20 ml of solvent to the funnel

  • Recrystallization Of Acetanilide Essay

    920 Words  | 4 Pages

    contaminated with relatively small amounts of impurities using recrystallization. The success of recrystallization was dependent on a suitable solvent being chosen and proper recrystallization technique being carried out. The solvent chosen had to have a different polarity than that of the molecule of interest. The technique used was dependent on the solubility of the solvent at higher temperature and the solubility of the impurities at all temperatures. To analyze the acetanilide product of the reaction, 1H

  • Which Temperature Dissolves Powder The Fastest Lab Report

    376 Words  | 2 Pages

    you must have both a solute and a solvent. A solute is something that can be dissolved into a solvent, a medium into which something can be dissolved. The bonds holding the solute together must first be dissolved and broken down before the solute and the solvent can form its own bonds. When the solute and solvent combine, a solution is formed. Specific solvents can only hold so much dissolved solute, which when overfilled can cause clumps to form in the solvent. “At some point the solution

  • Chemical Reaction Lab Report

    1444 Words  | 6 Pages

    is carried out because the solutions of the starting materials and the products are colorless.  The organic acid is soluble in water and thus, does not separate.  It is necessary to extract the propionic acid from the aqueous solution with solvent.  The solvent solution must be dried to remove residual water, following which

  • Cocaine Synthesis

    407 Words  | 2 Pages

    In literature, methanol has been used as a non-destructive solvent for the cocaine extraction from euro banknotes. . Different percentages of methanol were used to extract cocaine 50%, 70%, 80%, 90% and 100%. In addition, PBS was also used to extract cocaine and each note was preceded by a second extraction with methanol for the matrix effect. Subsequently, the extraction by methanol, the euro bank note was washed by 20 ml Milli-Q water/ 5ml methanol. The extracted solution was diluted by different

  • Separatory Funnel Lab Report

    459 Words  | 2 Pages

    product of an organic reaction. A separatory funnel would be used for the isolation from the mixture. A solvent will be used to remove or isolate a compound of interest from a liquid substance. In most cases, water was used as the solvent to the reaction mixture to dissolve the inorganic compound. The organic compounds will be separated from the aqueous mixture by extraction with an organic solvent that is immiscible with water. Therefore, they will form two layers when they are mixed together. The

  • Separate Neutral Compounds

    711 Words  | 3 Pages

    used as a separation technique to separate the acid, base, and neutral compounds. In extraction, two immiscible solvents with different polarities are used to dissolve and separate different solute components, so they form two distinct liquid layers. In this experiment, ethyl acetate, an organic solvent, and an aqueous solution, were used as the two immiscible solvents. The extraction solvent must be capable of dissolving one of the mixture components, without irreversibly reacting with it. While initially

  • Recrystallization Synthesis

    1514 Words  | 7 Pages

    identification of an unknown compound was determined through the process of recrystallization. The use of solvent determines the recrystallization process, so the selection of an appropriate solvent is vital for this process since the solubility of the crystals in the hot solvent, is dependent on decreased solubility when the solution is cooling. The solubility test helps in the determination of an appropriate solvent for a specific solute based on whether or not the solute dissolves

  • Hexane Lab Report

    1619 Words  | 7 Pages

    Solvent used in the elution process would be the mobile phase and solvents of different polarity would have a significant impact on the separation due to the varying solubility of compounds in different solvents. Hexane, being the less polar solvent, interacts mainly with the less polar analytes but very slowly with polar analytes. Therefore using hexane at the start of the elution process allows the less polar compound to be eluted out first. After the complete collection of less polar analyte

  • Hexane And Acetone Synthesis Lab Report

    872 Words  | 4 Pages

    Solvent n-hexane, ethyl acetate and acetone will use to elute the column in isolation of chemical constituents of figeroots chloroform partition. The solvent system of different ratios of hexane, hexane/ethyl acetate, hexane/acetone, and acetone will use. Silica gel 60 (mesh 230-400 ASTM) will use to pack CC. In order to achieve good separation, mass ratio of silica gel to compound 20:1and 50:1 will use. 3.10.2Column Packing Before starting to pack a column, a small piece of cotton is gently will

  • Photosynthetic Pigments Lab Report

    1294 Words  | 6 Pages

    of chromatography, and the one which this lab focuses on is paper chromatography. The components of the mixture, in this case, spinach leaves mixed with acetone, are pipetted at one end of the chromatography paper and hung in a jar slightly above solvent vapor to create the reaction. Hypothesis For this lab, we expect the polar pigments will have the largest Rf value whereas the non-polar pigments will

  • Tlc Lab Report

    771 Words  | 4 Pages

    spotted with the unknown by adding a small drop to the plate with a capillary tube and then allowing the solvent to evaporate. The TLC chamber was prepared by adding enough methylene chloride to cover the bottom of the jar to about 0.5 cm depth. A piece of filter paper was placed into the jar and the solvent was allowed to travel up the paper which greatly increased the surface area of the solvent. Once the TLC plate was spotted and the chamber was prepared, the plate was placed into the jar containing

  • Thin Layer Chromaographic Analysis Essay

    1608 Words  | 7 Pages

    suitable size to accommodate the glass plates and capillary, ultraviolet light source emitting short 254 nm and long 366 nm wavelengths. Preparation of samples The extract of Bhrungaraj samples were prepared by taking 1.0 g of drug and 1-10 ml of solvent, extract was stirred for about 30 minutes and filtered. Preparation of Thin layers in plates The plates were cleaned, rinsed thoroughly until the water

  • Triphenylmethyl Synthesis Lab Report

    621 Words  | 3 Pages

    triphenylmethyl chloride. Methanol is then added and the class does the recrystallization . The methanol acts as a solvent for the reaction as a nucleophile. Because it is a tertiary benzylic halide, the reaction is considered an SN1 type. To test the purity, the class then uses a TLC.  When one places,” a spot of the substance on the absorbent surface of the TLC plate, the solvent (or solvents) run up through the absorbent,” (Zubrick223). The initial mass of the reactant, triphenylmethyl chloride was

  • Difference Between Osmosis And Diffusion

    1513 Words  | 7 Pages

    Osmosis and diffusion have similar concepts but have their own individual processes. Osmosis is the process in which there is transport of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates two solutions of contrasting solute concentration. During osmosis, the solvent moves from the solution that is lower in concentration of solute to the solution that is higher in concentration of solute, eventually reaching an equilibrium (Johnston). Diffusion is the movement of matter from one point to

  • Essay On Fractional Distillation

    740 Words  | 3 Pages

    contains impurities that have a bad flavour or odor. Fractional distillation is used to remove or reduce impurities. Solvent recycling and solvent purification is another area where fractional distillation technology is applied. Industry and laboratories use large amount of solvents. Used solvents contain contaminants that can be removed by fractional distillation. The recycled solvents have purities suitable for re-use. Fractional distillation is used to separate the crude oil into its various components

  • Unit 4 M1 Filter Paper

    685 Words  | 3 Pages

    Vacuum filtration is a procedure when a sold needs separating from a solvent to react the mixture. Then the mixture of a solid is measured through the filtration paper in a Buhner funnel. The liquid is drained through the funnel into the flask. Equipment • Filter paper • Buhner funnel • Tubing • Clean solvent • Disposable dropper Method 1. When carrying out this scientific technique you first need filter paper, tubing, clean solvent, and disposable dropper. 2. Clamp the flask firmly to the ring

  • Drug Carrier Preparation

    1443 Words  | 6 Pages

    thin film hydration, reverse phase evaporation (REV), solvent (ether or ethanol) injection, and detergent analysis. a) Thin film hydration Thin film hydration method was one of the simplest way to prepare drug carrier. Basically, this method involved making thin film around the round bottom flask. The active ingredient and surfactant were dissolved in organic solvent such as chloroform to get clear and homogenous mixture. The organic solvent was removed by rotary evaporation and forming dry thin