The pleural space begins to fill causing the-the mediastinum to maneuver around, which can lead to disruption of the airflow and pulmonary circulation. Once the air circulation is disrupted the patient begins to compensate. Tension pneumothorax can be misleading if not realizing to symptoms. A patient with tension pneumothorax is going to have chest pain caused by the lung collapsing. The patient will experience respiratory distress causing the patient to breath faster because they are not getting the proper amount of oxygen, respiratory distress can lead to altered mental status and diminished breath
Congestive heart failure The term "congestive heart failure" is somewhat misleading. The heart does not fail, but rather that it does not contract as strongly as before, and does not pump enough blood around the body to meet the body's needs in terms of oxygen. This is caused by a buildup of fluid in the lungs that impedes the breathing or causes disturbances to the lower limbs. Again, these symptoms are not manifested in all cases. Heart failure is a chronic condition, meaning that it lasts long.
ABSTRACT A pneumothorax is a life threatening disease that results in a restrictive lung disorder. This condition is associated with atelectasis, chest wall expansion, and a decrease in cardiac venous return. Often caused by smoking, a pneumothorax can be detected from pulmonary function testings, arterial blood gas interpretations, and chest radiological findings. While some mild cases can resolve on their own, there is a current treatment process and protocols for managing symptoms brought with the disease. When a pneumothorax is detected, immediate action must be taken as death can occur.
This allow desaturated blood to shunt right to left side, causing desaturation in the left side of the heart and in the systemic circulation causing hypoxia and cyanosis. PULMONARY ATRESIA / PULMONARY STENOSIS Pulmonary Stenosis is the narrowing at the entrance to the pulmonary artery causing right ventricular hypertrophy. Pulmonary Atresia is the severe form of pulmonary stenosis. Pathophysiology When Pulmonary Stenosis is present, resistant to blood flow cause right ventricular hypertrophy – right atrial pressure will increase – reopening of the foramen ovale, shunting of unoxygenated blood into the left atrium, systemic circulation. Clinical manifestation: Cyanosis, characteristic murmur , cardiomegaly .
Not all goiters will develop signs and symptoms. Some of the most common types include swelling that is visible at the base of the neck. Also, when large goiters start to develop its only obvious that the surrounding anatomical structures in the neck such as the trachea and esophagus begin to feel some pressure. This may cause a tight feeling in throat area, coughing, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, and stridor (a wheezing sound that comes from a disturbance in air flow in and out of the trachea). In hypothyroidism, general processes start slowing down.
Cardiogenic shock is caused when your heart cannot pump enough blood to meet your body 's needs. This is typically caused by a severe heart attack, but can also be caused by inflammation and infection in the heart. Cardiogenic shock signs and symptoms include rapid breathing, severe shortness of breath, sudden, rapid heartbeat, loss of consciousness, weak pulse, sweating, pale skin, cold hands or feet, and urinating less than normal or not at all. The risk of Cardiogenic shock increases if a person is; older, has a history of heart failure or heart attack, has blockages in several of the heart 's main arteries, and has diabetes or high blood pressure. Cardiogenic shock is usually diagnosed in a medical setting; therefore the first aid care is the same as general shock.
The aneurysm that Loeys and Marfan contains is Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm is an abnormal bulging or ballooning of the portion of the aorta the passes through the chest. The most common cause is atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries(AHA) Risk factors may include, aging, genetic conditions such as Marfan and Loeys-Dietz Syndrome, Inflammation of the aorta, injury from falls or other trauma, and or, Syphilis. A patient with Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm may not have or experience any symptoms until it begins to leak blood into the nearby tissue or expand. There are many symptoms such as hoarseness, swallowing problems, swelling in neck, chest or upper back pains, and many more to include.
This paper is a brief description of Agoraphobia; the symptoms of agoraphobia are related to panic attacks but Agoraphobia is the anxiety about being in places where escape might be difficult or embarrassing or in which help may not be available should a panic attack should develop. The Symptoms include heart palpitations, rapid breathing or shortness of breath, blurred vision, dizziness, and racing thoughts. Often these symptoms are thought to be a heart attack by the individual, and many cases are diagnosed in hospital emergency rooms.
In some severe cases the disorder is life threatening- potentially interfering with breathing and sometimes with blood pressure or heart rate. Becase of these consequences it can be referred to as a medical emergency. Many individuals that have this disorder are often put on a ventilator
Paints often develop difficulty breathing, cough, and wheezing. The pancreas is also frequently damaged in cystic fibrosis, which leads to recurrent pancreatitis, abdominal pain, diabetes, and malabsorption of nutrients. Patients that do not receive treatment typically progress and develop end-stage lung and pancreatic disease that may require organ transplantation. Due to the importance of this condition,
Takayasu Arteritis Takayasu arteritis is a rare condition that may also be called pulseless disease. Takayasu arteritis is caused by inflammation in your large blood vessels (vasculitis). It mainly affects your aorta, which is a large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, and the large blood vessels that branch off from it. Areas of the aorta or other affected blood vessels can become narrowed, blocked, or weakened because of the inflammation. This causes reduced blood flow to important body organs, which can be life-threatening.
Pseudoaneurysm A pseudoaneurysm happens when an artery is injured and blood leaks out to form a sac-like bulge. The bulge can break open, causing bleeding in the nearby tissues. CAUSES The most common cause of this condition is a procedure such as an angiogram in which a thin tube (catheter) is inserted into an artery. After an angiogram, the insertion site on the artery should close back up all the way. If it does not, blood may leak out of the artery.
There are quite a few serious side effects associated with taking Symbicort that you should be aware of. Pneumonia and other lower respiratory tract infections are possible side effects. However, people with COPD have a higher chance of getting pneumonia. 1COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. Symptoms include a change in the amount or color of mucus, fever, experiencing chills, and increased coughing or breathing problems.
Atrial Fib: In atrial fibrillation, the atrial rhythm and ventricular rhythms are irregular. The atrial rhythm is greater than 400 beats/minute. The atrial activity looks erratic and irregular. Causes of Atrial fibrillation include COPD, heart failure (which EM has),hyrotoxicosis, constrictive pericarditis, ischemic heart disease, sepsis, pulmonary embolus, rheumatic heart disease, hypertension, mitral stenosis, atrial irritation, or complication of coronary bypass or valve replacement surgery. If a patients condition is stable, treatment includes drug therapy that may commonly include calcium channel blockers, and beta blockers.