• Carefully decant the solvent solution from the drying agent through the funnel into the flask. Rinse the Erlenmeyer flask with about 10 ml of solvent and pour the solvent through the funnel, too. Remove the funnel, add two or three boiling chips and reattach the thermometer and adapter to the still pot. • Discard the magnesium sulfate remaining in the Erlenmeyer flask by dissolving it in tap water and pouring the solution down the drain. • Before beginning the distillation, weigh a clean, dry 1 narrow mouth screw cap bottle on a balance.
We added sodium carbonate until the pH of the mixture was 8. After neutralize, we collected benzocaine by vacuum filtration. We used a Buchner funnel to collect benzocaine. We used three 10 ml of water to wash the product. After the product was dry, we weighed, calculate the percent yield and determined the melting point of the product.
2.4.1. Tetramethyl glucose acetylation 1gm of tetramethyl glucose was dissolved in 5ml of acetic anhydride and added to fused sodium acetate of 0.375gm and mixed for 10 minutes and allowed to cool. To this mixture 7.5ml of toluene and 5ml of dry ether were added. The whole mixture evaporated to syrup on a water bath at 50 °C. The product dissolved in the dry ether after washing with toluene.
The crude tetraphenylnaphthalene in a 25-ml Erlenmeyer flask and dissolved in boiling isopropyl alcohol (12 ml). The solution was cooled to room temperature and further cooled in an ice bath for 30 minutes. Crystallization of colorless crystals occurred. The product was collect in a Hirsch funnel and washed with isopropyl alcohol. The solid was left to dry over the weekend.
Methods: Weight a clean, dry, porcelain evaporating dish on the electric balance and record this mass on an appropriate data table. If the crucible needs to be washed before use, then heat the crucible in the Bunsen burner flame for a few minutes and remove any residual water. Then allow it to cool before continuing. Fill the crucible about 1 gram with the hydrated salt and reweight. Assemble the ring stand, ring, clay triangle, and Bunsen burner
ZPFe (3 mol%) was added to a mixture of a benzoyl chloride (10 mmoL) and an aromatic compound (10 mmoL). The reaction mixture was stirred for the appropriate reaction times at 80 °C (Table 2). After completion of the reaction (monitored by thin-layer chromatography, TLC), the mixture was diluted with Et2O and filtered. The organic layer was washed with 10% NaHCO3 solution and then dried over anhydrous Na2SO4. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and the product purified by column chromatography on silica gel to give the corresponding pure aryl
Abstract In this experiment, the reaction kinetics of the hydrolysis of t-butyl chloride, (CH3)3CCl, was studied. The experiment was to determine the rate constant of the reaction, as well as the effects of solvent composition on the rate of reaction. A 50/50 V/V isopropanol/water solvent mixture was prepared and 1cm3 of (CH3)3CCl was added. At specific instances, aliquots of the reaction mixture were withdrawn and quenched with acetone. In addition, phenolphthalein was added as an indicator.
Then it was left to boil under for 1hour. After which round bottom flask was removed from the reflux setup and held first under running room temperature water and then an ice bath until it cooled down enough to comfortably handle it. Next the cooled solution is poured into a 100ml volumetric flask and topped it off to the mark with denoised water. Subsequently, 20ml of this solution was pipetted into a conical flask. To this, 80ml of cold water and 15ml of 2M HCl was added to the conical flask.
Before the water reach to the consumer 70% of the permeate water goes to potabilization or remineralization while 30% goes the demineralization. In potabilization plant four chemicals are added which are: Sodium hypochlorite It is added for final disinfection of treated water Sodium fluoride This chemical must be existed in the potable water because when it dissociate fluoride is produced as shown in the chemical reaction: NaF → 〖Na〗^++ F^- The fluoride used to protect the teeth in two ways: Protection from demineralization - when bacteria in the mouth combine with sugars they produce acid. This acid can erode tooth enamel and damage our teeth. Fluoride can protect teeth from demineralization that is caused by the acid. Remineralization