It is said to be necessary for a proper democracy. Burke deems inequality as a natural division of labor, which is seen as valuable in society due to people having inherently different skill sets. Therefore, Burke answers that the educated class would be in charge of the government, while the lower class, who are considered less educated, have jobs that are regarded more apt to them. According to Burke it is only natural for there to be differences in rank, virtue, wealth, and especially in the privilege of the citizens. "In all societies, consisting of various descriptions of citizens, some description must be uppermost.
Compulsory Voting and various Democracies. Most democratic governments consider voting in general elections a right of citizen. Some of them consider that voting at elections is not just a right but also a citizen 's civic responsibility. In some countries, where voting at elections is considered a duty, voting has been made compulsory and is regulated in the national constitutions and by electoral laws. Some other countries have even made provisions of penalising and sanctioning the defaulters.
Should individuals submit to their government or to society? Is it worth losing their self-determination? In both Aldous Huxley’s, Brave New World, and Anthony Burgess’s, A Clockwork Orange, the objectives of the government to maintain power and stability are alike, while its methods of upholding such rigid control over the people are different. The government’s authority has a profound effect on society that is apparent in both novels when assessing the value of free will to an individual. The government’s predominant presence in society is evident in both novels as it uses technology to control the people.
Or even those that voted them into office? The short answer is, no. But the full answer is much more complicated than that. There are three models for analyzing the exercise of power in our country and they are: the pluralist model, the power elite model, and the autonomous state model. The pluralist theory states that political power should be regarded as systematically distinct from economic power, and that political power is not necessarily concentrated in the hands of a single group, but instead widely dispersed among a variety of groups and organizations comprised of average citizens from a variety of socioeconomic backgrounds.
This development is more characterized by elitism than it is the case of pluralism in nature since many unfolding events or outcomes are more typical of the elite form of worldviews and actions. One of the major factors associated with this is that the associates to the constitutional convention comprised majorly of those of European decent, affluent associates of the “upper class.” This particular group of people sought a strong central administration that was meant to congeal their own power, influence, and interest in the best way they wanted it to become. Even though the convention was alleged to have been held with the view of modifying the articles of the confederation that had been guiding administration, other partakers thought otherwise. This is so because, Hamilton and Madison fought for an absolutely novel form of administration that they deemed more superior and suitable than the one that was in place those
Consequences of Congressional Oversight The types of choices that congressman have to make when it comes to oversight are often moderated by the different costs and benefits from engaging in congressional oversight. In previous sections the way members make decisions on congressional oversight whether to exercise or which technique to use was discussed. McCubbins and Schwartz highlight how difficult this process is by distinguishing general neglect from congress versus rational behavior. Rationality in this area makes it so that members can actually perform their other functions, which have higher priority so they can keep their jobs (McCubbins and Schwartz 1984). In a great percentage of the literature on congressional oversight when analyzing
These and other questions had very different answers for different groups of people which of course started a very distinct divide in political ideologies. One group was the Federalists who supported more authority given to the central government and the idea that the central government has the power to implement and enforce any law that they felt was necessary to perform its duties. The other group was the Republicans who believed that the states should have the most authority and that the central government should mediate between the states. Their viewpoints differed on a variety of things which helped to shape our government even more and set precedents on when the government should intervene in domestic and foreign disputes. The
One of the primary arguments to the credit of the Electoral College is that a winner can be more easily determined in the Electoral College vs the popular vote. The Electoral College has a system for handling ties (The House of Representatives), and is much more accurate than the popular vote. It is not possible to attain 100% accuracy when the voting population totals above 126 million, making for difficult logistics and guaranteed recounts, whereas determining a majority in a state to assign electors is trivial in comparison, thus “saving the nation ‘from the effects of an ambiguous outcome‘”(Hardaway 127). As well as being highly accurate in deciding a winner, the Electoral College also ensures that political candidates must campaign in nearly every state because of the power of each to affect the election, ensuring that every state actively participates in the political process. In addition, the winner-take-all system, also known as “unit rule”, while not always necessarily representative of the popular vote, “the electoral college and unit rule provide decisive majorities that lend stability to our presidential election system” (Josephson, Ross 162).
There will always be different views and opinions when it comes to government politics. One interesting view is whether or not our nation is led by an Elite or Popular Democracy. A democracy is a form of government that is run by elected officials that are voted into public office by the people for representation. There are different perspectives on how a democratic system should work. Elite democracy consists of elite members of society who are often educated and have proven themselves most capable which are chosen by the people to represent them.
Many people believe that the election plays the most important role in democracy. Because a free and fair election holds the government responsible and forces it to behave on voter's interest. However, some scholars find evidence that election itself is not enough to hold politicians responsible if the institutions are not shaping incentives in a correct way. In other words, the role of the election on democracy, whether it helps to serve the interest of the public or specific groups, depends on other political institutions. I In an ideal democracy, voters will vote for the politicians and policies that can bring the most benefit to themselves, while the rules of the society cares about how to maximize the social welfare as a whole.