Consumption Approach To Sustainable Development

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Sustainable Consumption: A Demand Side Pathway to Sustainable Development

Abstract: Sustainable Development is a widely accepted approach to sustain economic growth without harming the planet or exhausting its resources while improving the quality of life for its current and future inhabitants. . Promoting sustainable consumption and production are important aspects of sustainable development. The term ‘sustainable consumption’ denotes the search for consumption patterns that reduce human pressure on the environment. It is not only about how much is consumed, but also about what is consumed, how it is consumed and who consumes. Consumers, businesses and governments are the major stakeholders in promoting sustainable consumption. Individual
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Mainstream economists continued to argue that continuing economic growth as usual is both feasible and desirable, i.e. a growing economy does not run out of natural resources nor cause excessive environmental harms. Economic growth is considered not only to bring along overall improvement of life and equal opportunity for people, but also it is regarded necessary in order to finance improvements of the already deteriorated environment. What was called for, however, because of growing environmental awareness, is a more efficiently functioning price system and effective substitution. Such a system would be capable of accommodating economic activity while still preserving an acceptable level of ambient environmental quality. The inherent contradiction of these thoughts is, however, most evident, because the increasing efficiency does not necessarily imply improving intra generational equity nor equity between present and future generations. Thus “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future…show more content…
The concept of sustainable development does imply certain limitations imposed by the present state of technology and social organization on environmental resources and by the ability of the biosphere to absorb the effects of human activities. It is concerned about the development-environment trade off. The publication of the report “ Our Com¬mon Future” (1987) by The World Commission on Environ¬ment and Development which was initiated by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1982 popularised this concept in the political agenda of nations across the world . It was chaired by then–Prime Minister of Norway Gro Harlem Brundtland and thus named as “Brundtland Com¬mission. As Brundtland
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